Alexander Macdonald

Alexander Macdonald


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Alexander Macdonald, søn af en colliery -arbejder, blev født i New Monkland, Lanarkshire, den 21. juni 1821. I en alder af otte sluttede Alexander sig til sin far i minerne. Macdonald arbejdede i både kul- og jernstenminer i de næste seksten år.

Som dreng havde Macdonald stort set ingen formel uddannelse, men i tyverne begyndte han at deltage i aftentimer, hvor han lærte latin og græsk. Han interesserede sig også for politik og fulgte omhyggeligt Richard Oastlers karriere og hans kampagne mod børnearbejde.

Macdonald var en af ​​lederne for minestrejken i Lanarkshire i 1842, og efter nederlaget mistede han sit job. Macdonald fandt arbejde i en anden colliery og kunne spare penge nok til at deltage i vintermøder for studerende ved Glasgow University. Hver sommer vendte han tilbage til gruberne, indtil han havde penge nok til den næste fase af sin uddannelse.

Macdonald åbnede sin egen skole i 1851, men besluttede efter fire år at koncentrere sig om at forbedre løn og vilkår for mine arbejdere. I 1855 dannede Macdonald Coal and Iron Miners 'Association, og året efter kæmpede organisationen for et voldsomt lønnedslag. Efter en tre måneders strejke blev minearbejderne sultet tilbage på arbejde og måtte acceptere de lavere lønninger, de tilbød dem.

Uberørt over denne fiasko fortsatte Macdonald med at rekruttere medlemmer til sin fagforening. På et møde i Leeds i november 1863 dannede arbejdere Miners 'National Association. Macdonald blev valgt til præsident, og i løbet af de næste par år havde organisationen mange succeser, herunder bestået 1872 minelov.

I 1873 Alexander Macdonald var medlem af Den kongelige kommission for fagforeninger og året efter blev han inviteret til at stille op som Lib-Lab-kandidat til Stafford ved folketingsvalget i 1874. Macdonald vandt sædet og sluttede sig til Thomas Burt som de første arbejderklassemedlemmer i Underhuset.

I parlamentet havde Macdonald en tendens til at koncentrere sig om fagforeningsspørgsmål, men han var også en stærk tilhænger af irsk hjemmestyre. Macdonalds synspunkter blev mere moderate og nogle socialister, som Karl Marx og Fredrich Engels, kritiserede ham for hans tætte forhold til Benjamin Disraeli og det konservative parti.

Alexander Macdonald blev genvalgt til Stafford ved folketingsvalget i 1880, men døde året efter den 31. oktober 1881.

Lord Elcho: Hvilket år var det, hvor du kom ind i miner?

Alexander Macdonald: Omkring år 1835 tror jeg; Jeg kunne ikke rette året. Jeg kom ind i minerne omkring otte år gammel. Minerens drengs tilstand skulle derefter hæves omkring klokken 1 eller 2 om morgenen, hvis afstanden var meget langt at rejse, og på det tidspunkt måtte jeg rejse en betydelig afstand, mere end tre miles. Vi blev ved minen indtil 5 og 6 om natten. Det var en jernstensmine, meget lav, arbejdede omkring 18 tommer, og i nogle tilfælde ikke helt så høj. Derefter flyttede jeg til kulminer. Der havde vi også lave sømme, meget lave sømme. Der var ingen skinner at trække på, det vil sige sporveje. Vi havde læderbælter til vores skuldre. Vi måtte blive ved med at trække kulet med disse reb over vores skuldre, nogle gange rundt om midten med en kæde mellem vores ben. Så var der altid en anden bag ved at skubbe med hovedet.

Lord Elcho: Det arbejde blev udført med børn?

Alexander Macdonald: Det arbejde blev udført af drenge, som jeg var, fra 10 til 11 ned til otte, og jeg har kendt dem helt ned til syv år. I minerne på det tidspunkt var ventilationstilstanden frygtelig.

Lord Elcho: Fik den mangel på ventilation på det tidspunkt til hyppige ulykker?

Alexander Macdonald: Det førte ikke til hyppige ulykker; men det førte til for tidlig død.

Lord Elcho: Ikke til eksplosion?

Alexander Macdonald: Nej; kulsyregas fører i intet tilfælde til eksplosioner. Der var ingen eksplosiv gas i de miner, jeg var i, eller næppe nogen. Jeg kan i øvrigt konstatere her, at der i den første jernstengruve, jeg var i, var omkring 20 eller flere drenge udover mig selv, og jeg er ikke i øjeblikket klar over, at der er en levende undtagen mig selv.

Fagforeningerne var meget utilfredse med den liberale regerings holdning til fagforeningens retsstilling. I 1869 blev der på foranledning af John Stuart Mill dannet en organisation under navnet Labour Representation League for at gennemføre en national kampagne for at sikre arbejdsmænds tilbagevenden til parlamentet. Det ser ikke ud til, at denne liga har haft til hensigt at danne et parti, der permanent kan være i opposition til Venstre. Mills idé var, at hvis arbejderklasserne fremsatte arbejderkandidater og truede det liberale flertal, ville Venstre være glade for at komme til orde og give muligheder for tilbagevenden af ​​arbejdende mænd. Efter valget i 1874 placerede ligaen tolv arbejdende mænd i feltet, og af disse blev Thomas Burt og Alexander MacDonald valgt på henholdsvis Morpeth og Stafford.

Ved folketingsvalget i 1874 blev tolv Labour -kandidater tilbudt vælgerne. Da de bitre valgkampe var gennemført, og afstemningen var slut, vågnede England til en forbløffende kendsgerning. To Labour -repræsentanter var blevet returneret til parlamentet. Thomas Burt og Alexander MacDonald, det forladte håb om den mægtige hær af britiske arbejdere, åbnede portene til St. Stephen's; og de porte har aldrig været helt lukket siden.

Det var i 1856, at jeg først krydsede grænsen for at gå ind for en bedre minelov, ægte vægtning, de unges uddannelse, aldersbegrænsning til tolv år, nedsættelse af arbejdstiden til otte ud af hver 24, uddannelse af ledere, betaling af lønninger ugentlig i rigets mønt, ingen lastbil og mange andre nyttige ting, der er for mange til at nævnes her.


Lord & amp Lady Macdonald of Skye - Highland -arv og gæstfrihed

"Det er ret romantisk at sige, at hans beslutning kan have ændret historiens gang. Jeg tror, ​​at alt det kunne have gjort var at forsinke det uundgåelige, hvilket var, at jakobitterne ville blive besejret, ”fortæller Godfrey, Lord Macdonald fra Macdonald, 34. øverste chef for klan Donald, mig.

Vi er i hans forfædres hjem, Kinloch Lodge ved bredden af ​​søen Na Dal, og vi taler om hans familiehistorie. Emnet er Sir Alexander Macdonald, der besluttede ikke at sende en hær for at hjælpe prins Charles Edward Stuart ved Culloden i 1746. De vilde landskaber på Hebridean Isle of Skye, skåret gennem midten af ​​de hakkede Cuillin Hills, har en sådan rå kraft, at du kan let forestille dig Sir Alexander, der kæmper med sine tanker på en tur med betroede venner.

"Han kunne sandsynligvis have sat yderligere to eller tre tusinde mand i marken," fortsætter Lord Macdonald. "Hvem ved, hvad der så kunne være sket?"

Læs mere

Men lad for øjeblikket historiens hvad-hvis-ting stå til side og grunden til, at en stor jakobit-tilhænger blev hjemme. Der er en keltisk tro på, at de gode sjæle tilbringer evigheden i roen på de vestlige øer, og alle, der bor på Kinloch i den sydøstlige "Garden of Skye", må føle, at de virkelig har været meget gode. Denne engangs-familie-skydeshytte, der er forbundet med Macdonalds ’tidligere bopæl på Armadale Castle, går tilbage til 1600-tallet. Siden 1973 har det også været et lille, intimt hotel, selvom oliemalerier, særprægede møbler, generøse pejse og lige så generøse drikkebakker i stuen konstant minder dig om, at du er en personlig gæst hos Lord og Lady Macdonald.

Lord Macdonald er urbane og roligt charmerende. Han tager sin stilling som chef for de største og en af ​​de vigtigste Highland -klaner meget alvorligt. I det 21. århundrede er det hovedsageligt en ceremoniel rolle. ”Tiden er forbi, hvor klanen blev ført i kamp, ​​gudskelov. Jeg betragter mig selv som en ambassadør for Skotlands højland, når jeg rejser. Jeg fungerer også som en postkasse for millioner af klanmedlemmer rundt om i verden - der er et enormt samfund i Nordamerika og Canada. Clan Donald Center på Armadale håndterer masser af slægtsforespørgsler. ”

Ingen klan udøvede en så stærk indflydelse i den tidlige højlandshistorie. I løbet af 1100 -tallet udviste Somerled vikingerne fra det vestlige Skotland. Hans barnebarn, Donald, blev grundlæggeren af ​​Clan Donald og gav sine efterkommere og tilhængere navnet Macdonald, "søn af Donald." Disse mægtige forfædre var Lords of the Isles, herskere over "Sea Kingdom" på Skotlands vestkyst. Deres overherredømme var ikke uden udfordring, især fra Campbells og også MacLeods, hvis sæde ved Dunvegan på Skye siges at være det ældste beboede slot i Storbritannien. "Vi er alle venner nu," insisterer Lord Macdonald.

Macdonalds ankom til Skye fra de sydlige Hebrider i det 15. århundrede, og historien om deres turbulente liv fortælles på The Museum of the Isles at Armadale. Større konflikter med den skotske krone havde ført til afskaffelsen af ​​Lord of the Isles -titlen i 1493, men måske var det mest chokerende slag Macdonalds i 1692 i Glencoe.

"Highland -høvdinge skulle underskrive en ed om loyalitet over for kong William III, og Macdonald af Glencoe var sen med at gøre det, så den engelske krone lavede et eksempel på ham," reflekterer Lord Macdonald. ”Der var 28 mennesker dræbt, men det var måden, det blev gjort på, som var så frygtelig. Det blev slagtet under tillid, fordi [kaptajn Robert Campbells] tropper blev opkrævet på Macdonalds og accepterede deres gæstfrihed og derefter stod op om natten og dræbte deres værter. ” Denne forræderiske handling tilføjede hvidglødende brand til jakobiternes årsag.

"Vi var meget aktive tilhængere af oprøret i 1715," vender Lord Macdonald tilbage til historien. »Og som følge heraf fik vi konfiskeret vores jord. De var først blevet genindsat i 1744, og derfor tænkte min forfader Sir Alexander: 'Det kommer jeg ikke til at gøre igen!' Så de støttede ikke åbenlyst Bonnie Prince Charlie, men under dem var de store jakobitter. "

Hvilket bringer os til Flora Macdonald, der hjalp prinsen, forklædt som hendes tjenestepige Betty Burke, med at flygte efter hans nederlag i Culloden. “Hendes mor giftede sig med min forfader - det var hendes andet ægteskab - og Flora giftede sig i en af ​​familiens yngre grene. Selvfølgelig blev det, hun gjorde, stærkt støttet, selvom det var skjult. ” Floras sidste hvilested er ved Flodigarry i den nordlige ende af øen.

Da den gamle rækkefølge af klanerne yderligere brød sammen efter ’45, emigrerede mange skotter. "I løbet af en uge kontakter snesevis af mennesker mig om Clan Donald," siger Lord Macdonald. "Klanernes rolle fortsætter med at udvikle sig, og i disse dage har det at gøre med, at mennesker mere og mere ønsker en følelse af identitet og tilhørsforhold."

Den følelse er levende for Macdonalds på Skye, selvom du ikke behøver at være et udvidet familiemedlem for at værdsætte Kinlochs kvaliteter. Isle of Skye er kun 49 miles lang og varierer i bredden fra syv til 25 miles. Dens spredte befolkning tæller kun 7.500. Uanset om du kommer via den nye bro eller med færge fra det skotske fastland, er dit første glimt af en solnedgang bag "langt Cuillins" i sangen dybt fredeligt. Store sølove slikker ind i de vredende kystklipper ser ud til at bide. Over den skovklædte bjergskråning, hvor Kinloch sidder, vil du sandsynligvis se en kongeørn skyhøje.

"Vi har fem kongeørne op ad bakken," siger den evigt livlige Claire, Lady Macdonald. Hun er hjernen bag den indbydende indretning af hytten og det nye hus, i nutidige nuancer af varm abrikos, rød, guld og grøn, der her supplerer et spisebord fra 1600-tallet, der et tryk af Macdonald-forfædre fra det 18. århundrede, der dyrker sport tidlige golfkøller. Det var også Claires idé at få portrættet på tårnetrappen malet af Lord Macdonald i hans Lord of the Isles grønne tartan. "Det var til hans 50 års fødselsdag, og det handlede om det uvenligste, jeg kunne have gjort," husker hun grufuldt. ”Han hadede at posere. Det anspændte blik i hans ansigt viser det! ”

Men der serveres langt mere end historie i Kinloch. Et højdepunkt ved ethvert ophold er den lokale mad, rigelige skotske morgenmad med grød, frugt, naturlig yoghurt, "de fineste pølser i Storbritannien, fra vores slagter i Inverness", hjemmelavet marmelade og scones. Afslappede aftensmiddage letter vejen gennem frisk fisk og skotsk oksekød til de mest vandende buddinger-måske mørk chokoladecreme med vanilje og appelsin wienerbrød. Da Lord Macdonald for nylig har plantet sin egen køkkenhave, er det kun et spørgsmål om tid, før Kinloch jordbær kommer på menuen.

Intet af dette er selvfølgelig overraskende, fordi Claire Macdonald er en prisvindende kogeskribent-16 bøger til dato-og en forfriskende jordnær doyenne af moderne skotsk køkken. Glem haggis - "åh, det er snarere en trist kliché" - god skotsk billetpris handler om kvaliteten af ​​lokale råvarer.

MERE SKYE

Du finder en anden historie om "The Misty Isle", Flora MacDonald og Bonnie Prince Charlie i februar 1998 -nummeret, der kan bestilles på siden Back Issues på BritishHeitage.com.

"Skotlands højland og øer er det sidste store vildmarksområde i Europa, og nogle af de bedste fødevarer i verden fanges, dyrkes og dyrkes her," siger Claire uden et snev af skævhed og tilføjer: "Mad skal have en stærk og lokal identitet, det er en velkommen og den vigtigste lokke til hvor som helst. ”

Dette er temaet i en af ​​hendes seneste bøger, Scottish Highland Hospitality, der følger en kulinarisk odyssé til 20 af Claires foretrukne spisesteder i højlandet og øerne, til steder, hvor du kan nyde skaldyr, der er landet mindre end 30 fod fra døren, hvor ryperne er fra naboejendommen.

Claire rejser ofte for at sprede kendskabet til det moderne skotske køkken, og når vi taler, er hun frisk på at give to kogedemonstrationer til medlemmer af Smithsonian Institution i Washington, DC. Fokus var spisetid. "Skotterne er vidunderlige, robuste bagere" siger hun. "Det er for eksempel en nytårstradition at lave en meget rig, ribsfyldt frugtkage indkapslet i wienerbrød kaldet sort bolle." Men karakteristisk "udvidede hun teatemnet til at inkorporere skotske kvalitetsprodukter som laks og de forskellige former for rygning."

Claire holder også populære madlavningsdemonstrationer på Kinloch, når hun fremmer sin filosofi, "at lave mad ved hjælp af ingredienser, der naturligt dyrkes i sæsonen og for at holde det enkelt." Hun havde ikke nogen formel uddannelse selv og indrømmer med et smittende grin, "grådighed inspirerede mig!" I et køkken, der er hængt med familieportrætter fra Macdonald og udskrifter af frugt og grøntsager, vil du blive inspireret af et tværsnit af lystige retter såsom aromatisk stegt havtaske og britisk pære og ingefær med citron og en fudgy crumble top.

Christmas at Kinloch er en privat familie affære med økologisk kalkun og tilbehør. Så ved Hogmanay kaster Macdonalds dørene op for gæsterne igen. En fire-nat fest byder på champagnemiddage, picnics og bål, der kulminerer med skotsk dans og fyrværkeri ved midnat med Kinloch champagnecocktails, røget laks og chipolatas-selvfølgelig fra deres slagter i Inverness.

På nytårsdag stiller en brunch med varmrøget laks kedgeree med vagtelegger op til en bakketur. "På Skye har vi de mest vidunderlige landskaber til at gå, hvilket er en stor hobby for mig og min mand," siger Claire. ”Vi går en time hver eftermiddag. Vi bygger en varder for enden af ​​vores yndlingsgang op ad skovstien bag huset - det er obligatorisk at lægge en sten på den. ” Med så meget god mad på Kinloch mangler energi bestemt ikke.


Læs mere om Dalvays historie

Huset blev bygget i 1895 af Alexander MacDonald, en velhavende forretningsmand og engangspræsident for Standard Oil Company med John D. Rockefeller. Oprindeligt fra Skotland forlod MacDonald sit hjemland for at søge hans berømmelse og formue og landede til sidst i Cincinnati, Ohio. Han blev direktør for mange virksomheder, herunder flere succesfulde jernbanelinjer, mineselskaber og Den Tredje Nationalbank. Han var også aktiv i velgørende formål og filantropi. Hans lønninger og investeringer fra en række af disse stillinger tillod ham at samle en betydelig personlig formue.

Han blev gift med Laura Palmer i 1862. De havde en søn, der døde som spædbarn og efterlod deres eneste datter, som de også kaldte Laura. Datteren Laura blev gift med Edmund Stallo, en ung advokat i Cincinnati og søn af den amerikanske ambassadør i Rom. Laura og Edmund havde to døtre, Helena og en tredje Laura. Desværre døde Laura Stallo i en ung alder i 1895 og efterlod de to piger i varetægt af hr. & Fru MacDonald. Med Alexanders rigdom fik barnebørnene den bedst mulige uddannelse og kunne rejse med MacDonalds over hele verden.

Det var på en af ​​disse ferier, at Alexander MacDonald og hans familie tilbragte deres første sommer på Prince Edward Island. Efter et par dage i Charlottetown flyttede de videre til det gamle Acadian Hotel i Tracadie. (Siden ødelagt ved brand.) MacDonald blev så fascineret af området, at han fik George Longworth, en førende ø -forretningsmand, til at fungere som hans agent på P.E.I. De købte 120 hektar jord på den nordlige bred, som omfattede en række ryddet landbrugsjord og skovområde.

Bygningen var i gang i slutningen af ​​1895. Han kaldte huset "Dalvay By-The-Sea" efter sit barndomshjem i Skotland. Hans hus i Cincinnati, OH blev også kaldt Dalvay. Byggeriet af Dalvay By The Sea siges at have kørt tæt på $ 50.000. Lokale byggematerialer blev udelukkende brugt i konstruktionen af ​​Dalvay. Den nederste halvdel af huset blev bygget med Island Sandstone i sin naturlige kampestenform, og de enorme pejse blev også konstrueret med stenbrudte blokke af den berømte rødlige sandsten.

Meget af møblerne var eg og mahogni. Familien havde rejst over hele verden og købt smukke møbler, keramik og gardiner i England, Frankrig, Egypten og Italien. Nogle meget fine møbler blev også købt fra etablerede britiske familier i Charlottetown.

Det kostede $ 10.000 om året at drive Dalvay, en enorm sum selv efter nutidens standarder. De beholdt et stort antal tjenere, kokke, stuepiger, en gartner, to slagmænd, to vaskerier, en vicevært og to mænd for at passe hestene og stalden. MacDonald og hans familie underholdt meget, og hans sommerhus var normalt fyldt med gæster. Hver sæson før afrejsen gav de en dans for lokalbefolkningen med en hyret violinist en overdådig affære, der blev nydt og husket af alle.

MacDonalds ejede også en række heste, og Alexander var en ivrig samler af vogne. Vognene på Dalvay omfattede spændende vogne, busser og dobbeltsiddende vogne. Alexander byggede også en overdækket bowlingbane for sine gæsters nydelse, der var også et billardrum på tredje sal, og han havde en lille sejlbåd til sejlads på Dalvay Lake. Vand og strøm blev leveret til huset af en række vindmøller. Alexander MacDonald tilbragte mange somre på det dejlige sted, han nu kaldte Dalvay-By-The-Sea.

Under sit sidste besøg i 1909 havde Alexander det ikke godt. Da han vendte tilbage til stationen, bad han om at få hestene stoppet, da han nåede Long Pond. Han stod alene et stykke tid og kiggede tilbage til det elskede hus og sagde stille "Farvel Dalvay." Han var aldrig i stand til at vende tilbage og døde i 1910 i Long Beach, Californien, hvor han havde bosat sig.

Prinsesserne Laura og Helena

Alexander MacDonald forlod det meste af sin enorme formue for at blive delt ligeligt mellem sine to barnebarn. Helena og Laura var bare 16 og 17 år, da Alexander døde. Godset var cirka 15 millioner dollars værd og gjorde de to unge kvinder til to af de rigeste kvinder i deres tid. Deres far, Edmund Stallo, der blev betroet at beholde den for pigerne, indtil de nåede lovlig alder, havde tilsyn med boet.

Selvom begge piger havde planlagt at gifte sig med succesrige unge mænd fra Cincinnati Society -listen, var de overbeviste om, at to sådanne velhavende smukke unge kvinder kunne lave bedre kampe ved at slå ud for Europa og søge royalty.

Frøken Helena blev gift med prins Murat af Frankrig, en adelsmand og nevø til en af ​​Napoleans tidligere marshaller. De havde en datter, som de forudsigeligt kaldte Laura. Hendes søster, miss Laura, giftede sig med prins Rosspiglioisi af Italien. De første år var lykkelige, og de havde to døtre, Francesca og Camilla.

Desværre forværredes deres økonomiske situation, da begge piger indså, at hendes arv var blevet dårligt administreret af deres far, Edmund Stallo. Stallo havde investeret i flere dårlige ordninger, herunder et mislykket forsøg på en golfstaters jernbane. Som følge heraf faldt den store formue, Alexander havde givet, til næsten ingenting. Begge "prinserne" blev skilt fra pigerne, ikke længe efter at de fik at vide, at de ikke længere havde adgang til penge. Helena døde af kræft i en alder af 38 år for det meste fattig. Laura flyttede til New York, hvor hun skulle arbejde for at forsørge sin familie, og mens hun levede komfortabelt, havde familien ikke længere råd til at beholde Dalvay -ejendommen.

William Hughes havde været vicevært på Dalvay i hele perioden siden Alexanders død. Hughes boede i det, der nu er parkadministrationsbygningen lige overfor Dalvay -huset. Hughes fortsatte med at passe huset, indtil det blev klart, at MacDonalds ikke længere havde råd til at beholde huset. Han kontaktede prinsesse Laura i New York og spurgte, hvad hun ville have gjort med Dalvay. Prinsesse Laura svarede, at Hughes kunne få huset til den skyldige sum i tilbagebetalede skatter. Hughes tog til Charlottetown og købte Dalvay for summen af ​​$ 486,57! Hughes havde ingen interesse i at beholde det enorme palæ, og Dalvay blev gennem årene solgt til flere forskellige ejere.

Næste var William O'Leary fra Charlottetown, der lånte huset til sin bror, biskop O'Leary fra Montreal. Biskop O'Leary brugte Dalvay som et sommerferie. O’Leary -familien tog desværre de fleste af de finere møbler tilbage til Montreal og solgte mange stykker. Dalvay blev derefter solgt til den berygtede forbud-romløber, kaptajn Edward Dicks. Dicks ledte efter en "legitim" forretning til at dække hans ulovlige aktiviteter ud for PEI's nordlige bred. Dicks havde ideen om at gøre Dalvay til et hotel for fornemme kundekreds. Desværre brugte han så mange penge på at opgradere Dalvay til hotelstatus, at der var få penge tilbage til markedsføring til potentielle gæster. Dalvay blev derefter henvist til en af ​​Capt. Dicks 'kreditorer, tidligere PEI -løjtnantguvernør, George DeBlois.

I 1938 var DeBlois klar over, at der var planer om at bygge en nationalpark på North Shore. Derefter solgte han huset og al jorden til den føderale regering. DeBlois gjorde en advarsel om, at han ville beholde et lille stykke jord i direkte udsigt til Dalvay. Det store, hvide familiehus ligger stadig på tværs af Dalvay Lake og er privat jord den dag i dag.

Dalvay In The Present (Siden 1959)

Dalvay er siden blevet drevet som en leaset privat koncession fra Parks Canada. I 1959 blev hr. Og fru Raoul Reymond operatører af Dalvay By-The-Sea. Reymonds, der stammer fra Schweiz i Genève, havde forladt Europa ankommer til PEI i 1925 for at drage fordel af den lukrative ræveopdrætningsindustri. Efter at ræveskind gik af mode, vendte de deres kræfter til kroophold om somre og underviste i musik om vinteren til mange familier i Charlottetown. Reymond's bragte en europæisk atmosfære af blidhed og personlig service til Dalvay, der var unik for Prince Edward Island.

Dalvay By The Sea drives i øjeblikket af DP Murphy Hotels & Resorts. Der blev foretaget en større udvidelse fra 1995 til i dag. Med en stigende efterspørgsel efter familie-/gruppeophold blev otte sommerhuse bygget på stedet. Fire er placeret umiddelbart ved siden af ​​kroen og yderligere fire langs kysten af ​​Dalvay Lake.

Fra 1999-2000 blev en fuld udvidelse af spisestuen også afsluttet. Det nye spisestue er et spektakulært buet værelse ud for hovedhuset og byder på udsigt over Dalvay -søen fra hvert bord. Alle originale materialer blev brugt til at skabe denne struktur, så den ville bevare den fulde Heritage Standard for det originale hus. Dette inkluderer brug af fyrretræsbeklædning fra loftet til ahornets trægulv. Også den udvendige marksandsten blev stenbrudt lokalt og håndbygget af lokale murere.


Folketællinger kan fortælle dig en masse lidt kendte fakta om dine Alexander Mcdonald forfædre, såsom besættelse. Beskæftigelse kan fortælle dig om din forfædres sociale og økonomiske status.

Der er 3.000 folketællingsoptegnelser til rådighed for efternavnet Alexander Mcdonald. Som et vindue ind i deres daglige liv kan Alexander Mcdonald-folketællingsoptegnelser fortælle dig, hvor og hvordan dine forfædre arbejdede, deres uddannelsesniveau, veteranstatus og mere.

Der er 642 immigrationsrekorder tilgængelige for efternavnet Alexander Mcdonald. Passagerlister er din billet til at vide, hvornår dine forfædre ankom til USA, og hvordan de foretog rejsen - fra skibets navn til ankomst- og afgangshavne.

Der er 1.000 militærrekorder til rådighed for efternavnet Alexander Mcdonald. For veteranerne blandt dine Alexander Mcdonald forfædre giver militære samlinger indsigt i, hvor og hvornår de tjente, og endda fysiske beskrivelser.

Der er 3.000 folketællingsoptegnelser til rådighed for efternavnet Alexander Mcdonald. Som et vindue ind i deres daglige liv kan Alexander Mcdonald-folketællingsoptegnelser fortælle dig, hvor og hvordan dine forfædre arbejdede, deres uddannelsesniveau, veteranstatus og mere.

Der er 642 immigrationsrekorder tilgængelige for efternavnet Alexander Mcdonald. Passagerlister er din billet til at vide, hvornår dine forfædre ankom til USA, og hvordan de foretog rejsen - fra skibets navn til ankomst- og afgangshavne.

Der er 1.000 militærrekorder til rådighed for efternavnet Alexander Mcdonald. For veteranerne blandt dine Alexander Mcdonald forfædre giver militære samlinger indsigt i, hvor og hvornår de tjente, og endda fysiske beskrivelser.


Kadetter af Clan MacDonald af Keppoch

Wikipedia -posten for Clan MacDonald of Keppoch viser følgende ‘Principal Cadet Families ’: Aberarder, Achnancoichean, Bohuntine, Clianaig, Cranachan, Dalchosnie, Fersit, Gellovie, Inch, Inverroy, Killiechonate, Tullagrom, Tulnadris. Som en del af forsøget på at opdage, hvor mine forfædre stammer fra, sluttede jeg med at lokalisere disse steder. Jeg kan ende med at besøge nogle af dem, men i øjeblikket kortlagde jeg stederne ud på StreetMap på min fantasi -herkomsttur til højlandet:

Der er fantastiske landskaber og vartegn at se i området samt en fascinerende historie, meget lidt blodig. Jeg har tilføjet et par interessante ting, jeg har fundet ud af indtil videre, som jeg har samlet rundt om kadetfamilierne, der boede tæt på hinanden. Jeg inkluderede også åbningsafsnittene om kadetfamilierne fra Klanen Donald: bind 3 af Revs. Angus & amp; Archibald Macdonald (1904), som for det meste er genealogiske. Dette er kun mit første knivstik, så det, jeg håber at gøre på et andet tidspunkt, er at knytte familiehistorierne til den faktiske geografi, da det ville give min fantasi -herkomst road trip en vis kontekst.

MACDONALDS OF KEPPOCH, CLIANAIG (CHLINAIG) & amp INCH (INSH)

Keppoch Macdonald kadetfamilier i Keppoch, Clianaig (Chlinaig) og Inch (Insh)

Jeg er startet med Keppoch House nær Roy Bridge i Kilmonivaig Sogn, Inverness-shire, tæt på hvor River Roy møder River Spean.

Som nævnt i et tidligere indlæg, står huset stadig, og det er her, mine store oldeforældre Angus McDonnell fra Keppoch, den omstridte 20./22. chef, og Christina MacNab boede, og hvor min oldemor Christina Mary Theresa McDonnell blev født i 1845 .

Jeg har for nylig skrevet om, hvordan Doug hjalp mig med at opdage gården gård ved Inch eller Insh for nylig (se her), så det er tilstrækkeligt at sige, at det var hjemsted for min forfader Aonghus Ban Innse fra Inch, ‘Tacksman of Inch ’. Jeg fandt også Clianaig eller Chlinaig i nærheden. Forhåbentlig finder jeg ud af mere om både familier og steder. I mellemtiden er her nogle slægtsuddrag fra Revs. Macdonald Klanen Donald Bestil:

KEPPOCHS MACDONALDS
Alexander, kendt som Alastair Carrach, stamfader til familien KejDpoch, var den fjerde søn af John, Lord of the Isles og prinsessen Margaret af Skotland. Han blev gift med Mary, datter af Malcolm, jarl af Lennox, af hvem han havde Angus, hans efterfølger. MacVurich tager fejl ved at sige, at Angus var en naturlig søn af Alexander af en datter af MacPhee fra Lochaber. I to chartre af John, Earl of E-oss og Lord of the Isles, i årene 1463 og 1464, angives Angus, der var vidne ved begge lejligheder, som en lovlig søn af Alexander. Alexander, der blev stylet Lord of Lochaber, døde omkring 1440 og blev efterfulgt af sin søn …

MACDONALDS INCH.
Denne familie stammer fra Angus Ban, ældste søn af Alexander Macdonald XVII. af Keppoch, spørgsmålet, som allerede nævnt, om en uregelmæssig union, der blev dannet af Alexander før hans ægteskab med Jessie Stewart fra Appin. Han var enogtyve år, da hans far faldt ved Culloden, hvorefter han tog plads i spidsen for familien, en stilling, som han beholdt i nogen tid, efter at hans bror, Ranald, blev myndig. Angus kæmpede af sin fars side ved Culloden og undslap med vanskeligheder med sit liv, da han blev forfulgt af de hannoveriske tropper. Han deltog i chefmødet i Achnacarry den 8. maj. Han blev bagefter i lang tid i skjul, og med MacNab fra Innisewen hjalp han prinsen i hans vandringer. Angus giftede sig i 1752 med Christina, datter af Archibald Macdonald fra Achnancoichean, og havde af hende …

MACDONALDS I CLIANAIG
Denne familie stammer fra Donald Gorm, søn af Alastair Buidhe XIV. af Keppoch. Han er blandt tilhængerne af Coll of Keppoch i 1691. Han giftede sig med en datter af Allan Macdonald af Gellovie, og havde …

KEPPOCH MACDONALDS OF BOHUNTIN & amp CRANACHAN

Keppoch Macdonald kadetfamilier i Bonhuntin & amp Cranachan

Sjovt nok var det en kommentar fra Doug om min fantasiske herkomst -roadtrip til højlandsposten om Cranachan -gård, der satte dette projekt i gang. Han hjalp mig også med at finde Inch/Insh farm ovenfor. Ville være interessant at finde ud af mere om disse Cranachan og Bohuntine familier, men her er uddrag fra revs. Macdonald Klanen Donald Bestil.

BOHUNTINS MACDONALDS
Bohuntins familie stammer fra John DUBH, tredje søn af Ranald VII. af Keppoch. Han nævnes ofte på rekord for at spille en fremtrædende rolle i anliggender i House of Keppoch i den spændende tid, hvor han levede. Han var utvivlsomt en stor kriger, og hans romantiske liv og hårbreddeudslip var tema for sang og historie i mange generationer i Lochaber. Det bemærkelsesværdige poetiske talent, der kendetegnede mange af hans efterkommere, har bevaret mange billeder i vers fra de første dage med fejde og angreb. John Dubh siges at have været en mand med ædle fremtoninger, klar forstand og stor kapacitet som leder af mænd. Hans dygtighed i Bothloine er allerede blevet omtalt i første bind af dette værk. In 1587 he is, with others, prohibited, at the instance of the Privy Council, from gathering in arms. In 1594 he, with his nephew, Alexander Macdonald of Keppoch, joined the Earl of Huntly, and took part in the Battle of Glenlivet, where Argyle, the King’s Lieutenant, was defeated. He is afterwards accused of taking part in a herschip and fireraising at Moy. In December, 1602, he and Allan and Angus, his sons, are denounced rebels for not appearing personally before the Privy Council to answer for the herschip of Moy and other crimes. It has been said, on the authority of tradition, that John Dubh was not a lawful son of Ranald of Keppoch, but tradition has been found to have been invariably very wide of the mark when looked at in the light of authentic documentary evidence. There are many references on record to John Dubh which are many references on record to John Dubh which might be taken as implying legitimate descent in the strictest sense, but in an original document in the Charter Chest of Lord Macdonald, to which several members of the Keppoch family were parties, it is expressly stated that he was the third lawful son of Ranald Macdonald Glass of Keppoch. John Dubh married a daughter of Donald Glass Mackintosh, referred to in several manuscript genealogies
as of Dunachtan. By her he had…

THE MACDONALDS OF CRANACHAN.
The first of this family was Angus, third son of Donald I. of Aberarder. He is frequently mentioned in record. He married a daughter of Macdonald of Achnancoichean, and had…

KEPPOCH MACDONALDS OF ABERARDER, TULLOCHROM (TULLOCHROAM) & GELLOVIE (GALLOVIE)

Keppoch Macdonald cadet families of Aberarder, Tullochrom (Tullochroam) and Gellovie (Gallovie)

I took me at while to locate Aberarder, Tullochrom (Tullochroam) and Gellovie (Gallovie) because they are further away from Roybridge around Loch Laggan. Luckily, I saw a forum discussion mentioning that Gellovie was on the south side of Loch Laggan. I also the found a map of the Clan Lands of Laggan (1775-1800) on the Clan Macpherson Association site that showed that the farms of Aberarder and Tullochrom on the north side of Loch Laggan, and were formerly occupied by MacDonalds:

I know little more than this at present, but have included maps and snippets from the Revs. Macdonald The Clan Donald book below:

Keppoch MacDonald cadet family of Aberader

THE MACDONALDS OF ABERARDER.
This family is descended from Donald, second son of Angus Macdonald of Tullocb, second son of John Dubh of Bohuntin. Donald first appears on record as of Invervudden. He fought at Inverlochy in 1645, and was a poet of some reputation in his day. Fragments of his hunting songs are still extant. He married first a daughter of Alexander Macdonald of Inverlair secondly, a daughter of Alexander Macdonald of Tirnadrish and thirdly, a daughter of Alexander Macdonald of Bohuntin. He had..

THE MACDONALDS OF TULLOCHCROM
Alastair Ban, the second son of John III. of Aberarder, was the first of this family. He married, first, a daughter of Mackintosh of Balnespick, and had by her…

THE MACDONALDS OF GELLOVIE.
The first of this family was Allan, son of John Dubh Macdonald of Bohuntin. He is mentioned in record in 1602. He was then tenant of Gellovie, which lies along the banks of Loch Laggan. The family afterwards obtained a feu charter of the lands of Gellovie. Allan married a daughter of Macqueen of Corybrugh, by whom he had his successor,…

KEPPOCH MACDONALDS OF FERSIT

Keppoch Macdonald cadet family of Fersit

This is all I have so far on the Keppoch Macdonalds of Fersit:

THE MACDONALDS OF FERSIT.
The first of this family was Donald, third son of Ranald Og IX. of Keppoch. He is mentioned in record in 16 12. He is in possession of the lands of Fersit in 1620. He had three sons…

KEPPOCH MACDONALDS OF TULOCH, MÙRLAGGAN & ACHNANCOICHEAN (ACHNACOCHINE)

Keppoch Macdonalds of Tulloch, Mùrlagan & Achnancoichean (Achnacochine)

My ancestor Angus Ban of Inch or Aonghus Ban Innse mentioned above, married Christina Macdonald, of Achnacoichine. She was the daughter of Angus Macdonald, 4th of Achnacoichine.

The Gaelic scholar and teacher Effie Rankin explains in her book As A’ Bhraighe: The Gaelic Songs of Alan The Ridge MacDonald 1794-1868 (2005) mentions that Achnacoichine is derived from from Achadh nan Cothaichean, the ‘Field of the Disputants’, but there are many forms of this name are common Achadh nan Comhican and Achadh nan Coinnicchine.

As mentioned in my Keppochs of Achnacochine or Achnancoichean post, I found a reference on the Clan Cameron Reference Guide below that made help me that Achnancoichean was another variation of Achnacochine:

ACHNACOCHINE / ACHNACOICHINE/ ACHADH NAN COTHAICHEAN:

“Field of the Disputants.” This location was once a favored rendezvous place for cattle reivers, while on their way to foras in either Perthshire or Strathspey. Located southeast of Achluachrach, in the Braes of Lochaber.

There are ruins located at Achnacochine on StreetMap, and I also manged to find Tulloch and Mùrlagan near by.

I’ve included the opening sections on Keppoch Macdonalds of Tulloch, Mùrlagan og Achnancoichean (Achnacochine) cadet families below from The Clan Donald: Volume 3 by the Revs. Angus & Archibald Macdonald (1904):

THE MACDONALDS OF ACHNANCOICHEAN
This family is descended from Angus, fifth son of Alastair nan Cleas X. of Keppoch, who gave him as a hostage to the Earl of Argyll in 1595. There was another family at Aclmancoichean, descended, according to MacVurich, from John Cam, a natural son of Sir Alexander Macdonald of Lochalsh, known as ” Sliochd an larla,” no doubt on account of their descent from Alexander, Earl of Ross. Angus is said to have married a daughter of Sir james Macdonald of Dunnyveg…

THE MACDONALDS OF TULLOCH
This family is descended from Angus, second son of John Dubh Macdonald of Bohuntin. His first appearance in record is in 1592, when, with a number of others of the Kej)poch following, he is accused of “manifest oppression and slaughter.” In 1602 he is denounced rebel for not appearing personally before the Privy Council to answer for his sharen the herschip of Moy. In 1611, Alexander Macdonald of Keppoch became surety for him ” under the pain of 500 merks.” In 1615, he is declared rebel for not appearing to answer to the charge of assisting Sir James Macdonald of Dunnyveg, and again in 1617 he is declared rebel and put to the horn.

THE MACDONALDS OF MURLAGAN
This family is descended from Alastair nan Cleas X. of Keppoch, whose fourth son, Donald Gorm of Inveroy, was the j)i’Ogenitor of the family of Murlagan. There was another family afterwards at Murlagan which was of earlier descent. In 1727 one of this family had been put in possession of the lands of Murlagan by Mackintosh. In that year there is an Obligation by Angus Macdonald of Murlagan to Mackintosh, in which he declares that his predecessors had been standard-bearers to Mackintosh
” these three hundred years and upwards.”
This Angus further declares that he is of Sliochd
Dhomhnuill ‘ic Aongliids, the descendants of the
deposed Chief of Keppoch.

KEPPOCH MACDONALDS OF INVERROY, KILLIECHONATE, & TIRNADRIS (TIRINDRISH)

Keppoch Macdonalds of Inverroy, Killiechonate, and Tirinadris

Det Inverroy, Killiechonate, og Tirnadris eller Tirindrish cadet families of Macdonalds of Keppoch cadet families are based around Spean Bridge and Inverroy. I know next to nothing about these Keppoch Macdonald/Macdonell families although the claim to the current chiefship of the Macdonald of Keppoch clan is based on sloinneadh showing a descendancy from Donald MacDonald or Domhnaill an Drobhair (‘Donald the Drover’) to Donald Gorm of Inverroy Mor through his son Alexander Macdonell, of Inveroy Mor. Donald Gorm was son of Alasdair Macdonell or Macdonald, Tutor of Keppoch, later 14th of Keppoch who was possibly drowned in River Spean.

The Clan MacFarlane has the following notes on Alasdair Buidhe Macdonald, 14th of Keppoch:

Alasdair Buidhe (yellow haired), who was the Tutor of Keppoch, became the unopposed chief after the murder of the young chiefs. In the Royal Commission, granted July 1665, to proceed against the murderers two of his sons were named. A band of 50 warriors arrived in the Braes of Lochaber in September of 1665, two years after the murders. They surprised Sliochd Dhughaill (Macdonalds of Inverlair) at Inverlair and after a bloody fight Alasdair Ruadh MacDughaill and six of his relatives were killed. lain Lom cut off the heads and ordered the seven headless bodies to be buried on a knoll opposite the house of Inverlair. (The skeletons of the bodies were unearthed in this century and no skulls were found.) The two sons of Alasdair Buidhe avoided capture. The elder, Ailein Dearg, had fled, some say to Lewis, others say to Badenoch. There is one story that has him killed at Tulloch. The younger son, Donald Gorm’s, name appears among those against whom legal proceedings were begun in 1671 for the 1663 murders. Keppoch was summoned, among others, before the Privy Council on 15 January, 1669 for using violence against a company of soldiers sent to assist in collecting the taxes. He is said to have drowned in the River Spean the same year. He was succeeded by his second son Archibald, also called Gilleasbuig.

Source: Ceapach: The Keppoch Newsletter by Joyce Haskell in turn edited from Clan Ranald of Lochaber by Norman H Macdonald FSA Scot

Well of Heads (Tobar nan Ceann)

The RCAHMS Camore database, explains that The Well of Heads(Tobar nan Ceann) monument, was erected 1812 by Col. Alasdair Ranaldson Macdonell, 15th Chief of Glengarry, in commemoration of the ‘foul’ Keppoch murders of 1663:

The Keppoch Murders are one of the best known incidents in a string of bloodthirsty inter-clan hostilities. The assumed perpetrator of the murder of the young chief Alasdair Macdonell and his brother at Keppoch in 1663 was their uncle, tacksman of Inverlair. Reprisals taken with the be-heading of him and his six sons at Inverlair on the orders of Macdonald of Sleat. The Monument marks the site of a spring or well at which the heads were washed before being presented to the Chief, Macdonell of Glengarry, at Invergarry Castle.

The inscription on the monument reads:

As a memorial of the ample and summary vengeance which in the swift course of feudal justice, inflicted by the orders of the Lord McDonnell and Aross, overtook the perpetrators of the foul murder of the Keppoch family, a branch of the powerful and illustrious clan, of which His Lordship was the chief. This monument is erected by Colonel McDonnell of Glengarry XVII. MacMhicAlaister his successor and representative in the year of our Lord 1812. The heads of the seven murderers were presented at the feet of the noble chief in Glengarry Castle, after having been washed in this spring: and ever since that event, which took place early in the sixteenth century, it has been known by the name of “Tobar-nan-Ceann”, or the Well of the Seven Heads.

For those less bloodthirsty, the Scotland Pilgrim Journeys site mentions the St Columba Journey from Maillaig to Spean Bridge/Inverroy. Think I’d rather take the Jacobite Steam Railway from Fort William to Maillaig though, and its appearance in the Harry Potter movie might be enough for me to persuade my wife and kids to come with me.

There’s no entry for the Keppoch Macdonalds of Inverroy i The Clan Donald: Volume 3 by the Revs. Angus & Archibald Macdonald (1904), but I found the following entries for the Killiechonate, og Tirnadrish (Tirinadris) cadet families:

THE MACDONALDS OF KILLIECHONATE.
This family, which branched out early from the main line of Keppoch, is probably descended fiom Donald Glass, the sixth chief. The first of whom there is any record was Angus, who lived at Killiechonate.

THE MACDONALDS OF TIRNADRISH.
The first of this family was Ranald, known as Raonull Mor, second son of Archibald XV. of Keppoch. The former Macdonalds of Tirnadrish were of the Slfochd Gboirridh from Uist, the last of whom was Archibald, known as Gilleasbuig Mor. Ranald married Mary Macdonald of Glengarry…

KEPPOCH MACDONALDS OF DALCHOSINIE

Keppoch Macdonalds of Dalchosnie

Dalchosnie is actually in Rannoch in Pethshire. Electric Scotland has a history of the MacDonalds of Dalchosnie that explains that they are branch of the MacDonalds of Keppoch who built their keep at Dalchosnie where they lived for two hundred years. The first MacDonald of Dalchosnie was Alastair who came to Rannoch after killing a government soldier in Lochaber. There isn’t an exact date, but the Electric Scotland account mentions that Alastair had not been Rannoch long when the government forces attacked Dalchosnie in 1692.

Here’s the opening section on the Keppoch MacDonalds of Dalchosnie fra The Clan Donald: Volume 3 by the Revs. Angus & Archibald Macdonald (1904):

THE MACDONALDS OF DALCHOSNIE
This family is descended from John Dubh of Bohuntin, through Alexander Macdonald of Tulloch, who was the eldest son of Angus, the second son of John Dubh. The second son of Alexander of Tulloch from whom this family is descended may be reckoned from John Dubh …


Alexander McDonald

Ближайшие родственники

About Alexander McDonald, Jr.

ALEXANDER1 MCDANNALD was born 1715 in Aberdeen Scotland, and died 1783 in Culpeper County, Virginia. He married ISOBELL MCLAUGHLAN December 12, 1720 in West or Old Parish, Greenock, Renfrew, Scotland.

Notes for ALEXANDER MCDANNALD:

Alexander fought for Charles Stuart at Prestonpas and Culloden. see http://www.scotshistoryonline.co.uk/charlieb.html

He was deported to VA after Culloden 1746. Settled in Orange County, Virginia near Cedar Mountain.

Ranson McBride- "Lists of Scottish Rebel Prisoners Transported to America in the aftermath of Culloden 1746" lists Alexander McDonald.

He signed a will on January 29, 1783 in St. Mark's Parish, Culpeper county, Virginia. Children mentioned in the will:

John, Rueban, George, Mary Turner, Sarah Drisdle, Nelley, Elizabeth Turner, Peggy Shropshire and grandson Roddy Turner, son of Jeremiah Turner.

He had an estate probated on February 17, 1783 in St. Mark's Parish. Executors: Captain John Majors and Thomas Pourter. He was born in Aberdeen, Scotland.

The Scots were a choice few of 88 convicts of the Battle of Culloden.

They came to America on the ship Gildart, which was just one of many ships that carried the families that were banished for some reason or other. Transported on the Gildart, master Richard Holmes, from Liverpool, 24 February 1747 to Port North Potomac Maryland..August 5, 1747. On the list:

More About ALEXANDER MCDANNALD and ISABELLA MCLAUGHLIN:

Marriage: December 12, 1732, West or Old Parish, Greenrock, Renfrew, Scotland

Children of ALEXANDER MCDANNALD and ISABELLA MCLAUGHLIN are:

2. i. JOHN2 MCDANNALD, b. 1733, Scotland d. Bet. 1812 - 1813, Culpeper County, Virginia.

3. ii. GEORGE WARREN MCDANNALD, b. 1760, Culpeper County, Virginia d. July 05, 1819, Fleming County, Kentucky.

iii. SARAH MCDANNALD, m. HR. DRISDLE.

vi. PEGGY MCDANNALD, m. HR. SHROPSHIRE.

5. vii. REUBEN MCDANNALD, b. February 14, 1768, Montgomery County, Kentucky (possibly Culpeper County, Virginia) d. August 14, 1854, Paynesville, Pike County, Missouri.

"Fifth Jacobite Uprising (1745)

Charles Edward Stuart, the son of James VIII, aka The Young Pretender and Bonnie Prince Charlie, landed in Scotland in July 1745. The English, under General John Cope ( of the song Johnny Cope) moved north, but not knowing the size of Jacobite forces, avoided battle. He marched to Inverness and Aberdeen and then finally, in September sailed to Edinburgh to meet the Jacobite forces that were at Dunbar. The Battle of Presonpans was a complete victory for the Jacobites (largely due to the efforts of Lord George Murray). The total number of men involved was only around 2500 - and the battle was over almost as soon as it began. Cope's troops broke rans and fled.

The Jacobites got to within 130 miles of London, but at Derby fell to fighting amongst each other. Without support from the Scottish lowlands or England, and with a promised French force never materializing, they were forced to retreat. Murray led a skilful retreat from Derby and defeated the English at Falkirk in January 1747. He opposed Charles Edward Stuart's decision to stand at Culloden because of the terrain. Nevertheless, the Jacobites took the stand. At Culloden Moor they met the army of the Duke of Cumberland (King George II's son and known to Scots as "Butcher Cumberland"). The Scots were cut down by cannonfire and the exhausted few that made it to English lines were cut down.

Bonnie Prince Charlie was hounded for months by English troops. The Butcher of Cumberland brutally suppressed the Highlands. Wearing of the kilt and use of the tartan was prohibited on pain of death, the gathering of clans was forbidden and the Highland culture virtually destroyed. Bonnie Prince Charlie escaped only with the help of Flora MacDonald, who dressed him up as her servant "Betty Burke" to get him safely to the Isle of Skye where he then took ship to France.


Alexander Macdonald - History

I have been advised by the Chief of Keppoch that this history is not accurate. The Chief and his Seanachaidh are collaborating in re-writing the first authentic History of the MacDonalds of Keppoch.

BADGE: Fraoch gorm (erica vulgaris) common heath.
SL0GAN: Dia ‘s Naomh Aindrea.
PIBROCH: Ceapach na fasaich, and Blar Mhaol rua’.

AN interesting subject for the pen of the Scottish historical student would be the mass of evil consequences, extending for centuries afterwards, which flowed from the moral indiscretion of Robert II., first of the Stewart kings. As a warrior and a statesman the Stewart was in every way worthy of his grandfather, King Robert the Bruce. It was his private conduct, in the matter of his conjugal relationships, which entailed such endless woes upon his descendants and upon Scotland. Though legitimated by a Papal dispensation in 1347, eight years before his second marriage, there can be no question that the Stewart’s early connection with Elizabeth Mure of Rowallan was irregular. Out of this fact arose the claim of the children of his later marriage with Euphemia Ross, the Earls of Strathearn and Atholl, to be the proper heirs of the Crown, a claim which brought about the assassination of James I. and the terrible Douglas Wars against James II. At the same time, by their own acts the children of Elizabeth Mure brought a heritage of woe on Scotland. The eldest son, John, ascended the throne as Robert III., but the third son, the ambitious, able Robert, Duke of Albany, ruled the country, secured the death of Robert III.’s elder son, by starvation, at Falkland, and the capture and long imprisonment of the king’s second son, afterwards James I., by the English, for which betrayal a fearful nemesis was suffered by his own son and grandsons on Stirling heading hill. Elizabeth Mure’s fourth son was the savage Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan, better known as the Wolf of Badenoch, whose defiance of the laws of God and man kept the northern half of Scotland in fire and bloodshed for more than twenty years. To mention only one other of the twenty-one children of Robert II., his eldest daughter Margaret, who was married to John, Lord of the Isles, in 1350, carried with her what seems to have been nothing less than a curse. To make way for her, the Lord of the Isles set aside his first wife, Amy MacRuari, with her children, and from that day the misfortunes of the great House of the Isles began, and the downfall of the whole race of Macdonald. It was Margaret Stewart’s son, Donald of the Isles, who married a sister of the Earl of Ross, and on that Earl’s death claimed the Earldom. This was claimed also by his uncle, Robert, Duke of Albany, for his own younger son. To assert his claim Donald, in 1411, marched across Scotland and fought the bloody battle of Harlaw, where he was defeated by his cousin, Alexander Stewart, Earl of Mar, eldest natural son of the Wolf of Badenoch. It is true that in 1431, the tables were turned, when the same Earl of Mar was defeated by the Islesmen, under Donald Balloch, in the fierce battle of Inverlochy but the victory brought down upon Alexander, the next Lord of the Isles, Margaret Stewart’s grandson, condign punishment at the hands of his other cousin, King James I., and the misfortunes of the house went from less to more, till in 1493 John, "fourth and last" Lord of the Isles, died a forfeited and landless man in Paisley Abbey or Dundee.

In these matters the Macdonalds of Keppoch shared the misfortunes of the great House of the Isles from which they had sprung. Their ancestor was Alastair, third son of John, Lord of the Isles, and Margaret Stewart, daughter of King Robert II. Angus Og, the father of John of the Isles, who figures as the hero in Scott’s poem, had received from King Robert the Bruce, as a reward for loyal support, the lands of Morven, Ardnamurchan, and Lochaber, forfeited by his kinsmen the MacDougals of Lorne, and John of the Isles made his third son Lord of Lochaber. In a deed of 1398 Alastair is termed "Magnificus vir et potens," and for three hundred years his descendants were known as the race of Alastair Carraich. It was not till the end of the seventeenth century that the Keppoch Chief, Colla MacGillieaspuig, on the persuasion of his kinsman, the Glengarry Chief, Lord MacDonell and Aros, resumed the family name of Macdonald. The stronghold of the Macdonalds of Keppoch stood on high ground at the meeting of the Roy and the Spean, where, within the last hundred years the fruit trees of their old garden continued to blossom and bear fruit.

Meanwhile much water had flowed past the walls of that Lochaber fastness. Notably in 1431 while Alexander, Lord of the Isles, lay a prisoner in Tantallon, and his mother, the Countess of Ross, was immured on Inchcolm, Alastair Carraich joined the formidable invasion of the Islesmen under his cousin, Donald Balloch, Chief of Clanranald, which routed the Royal forces under Alexander Stewart, Earl of Mar, and the Earl of Caithness at Inverlochy. For this the lordship of Lochaber was forfeited and bestowed by James I. on his loyal supporter, the Mackintosh Chief, Captain of Clan Chattan. This grant proved a cause of trouble for several centuries. Like the MacGregors further south, the Macdonalds resisted the Mackintosh’s parchment tenure, and continued for the most part to hold their lands by the ancient coir a glaive, or right of the sword.

Alastair Carraich’s son Angus, the second Keppoch Chief, had two sons, Donald and Alastair. Of these, Donald was slain in 1498 in a battle with the first Appin Chief, Dougal Stewart, and his son John earned the enmity of his clan by an act which the Highlanders invariably regarded as unpardonable. One of his tribe, having committed some offence, fled to him for protection. John, however, weakly handed the man over to the Mackintosh Chief, as Steward of Lochaber. By this act he sealed his own fate. The clan deposed him from the chiefship, and made his cousin and heir-male presumptive, Donald Glas, chief in his place. Ranald, the son of Donald Glas, met a still more tragic fate. Along with the Captain of Clan Cameron he took part, in 1544, in supporting the stout and capable John Moydertach, natural son of the late Chief of Clanranald, in his claim to the chiefship, which had been conferred upon him by his clan, in despite of the weak and unpopular legitimate heir, Ranald Gallda. For a time, while Moydertach was imprisoned by James V., Ranald was placed in possession of the Moidart estates by his mother’s people, the Frasers but on James’s death and Moydertach’s return, Gallda fled, and his rival, helped by Keppoch and the Camerons. carried fire and sword through the Fraser country. These disorders brought into action the Earl of Huntly, as King’s Lieutenant in the North. With a force of the Frasers, Grants, and Mackintoshes, he drove out Moydertach and his raiders, and replaced Ranald Gallda in possession of his estates. On their way back Huntly’s forces separated in Glen Spean, and Lovat with 400 men went homewards by the Great Glen. There, at the head of Loch Lochy, he was intercepted by the Macdonalds, and in the terrible battle of Kin-Loch-Lochy, or Blarnaleine, had his force completely cut to pieces, and was slain himself, with his eldest son and the luckless Ranald Gallda. It was in the following year that the Earl of Lennox Invaded the West of Scotland in the interest of Henry VIII., and he found it easy to gain over John Moydertach and his allies. These transactions proved disastrous to Keppoch. In 1546, along with the Captain of Clan Cameron, he was secured by Mackintosh as Deputy Lieutenant and handed over to Huntly, who first imprisoned them at Perth, and afterwards carried them to Elgin, where they were tried and beheaded in 1547.

Ranald’s son and successor, Alastair of Keppoch, was mixed up with the affairs of that turbulent chief, Sir James Macdonald of Islay and Kintyre, chief of clan Ian Vor, and last representative of the second son of John of the Isles and the daughter of King Robert II. When Sir James, after trying to burn his father and mother in their house of Askomull in Kintyre, was imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle, he made several attempts to escape. After the first of these he was confined in irons, and in the second attempt the irons severely injured his ankle as he leapt from the wall. At last, however, in 1615, by the help of Alastair of Keppoch and his eldest son, he succeeded in getting away. His estates in Islay had by this time been feued to Sir John Campbell of Cawdor, brother of the Earl of Argyll, and Sir James proceeded to raise his forces to make a last stand against the usurpations of the Campbells, who for centuries had been ousting the ancient House of the Isles from its heritage. In the struggle he was vigorously helped by Keppoch, and the affair caused an immense commotion in the Western Isles. In the end, however, the Earl of Argyll himself was brought from England, whither he had fled, it is said, to escape his creditors. Armed with the King’s commission he gathered his forces at Duntroon on Loch Crinan, drove Sir James and his supporters from Islay and Kintyre, and finally secured these territories as Campbell possessions. Keppoch seems to have followed his leader to Spain, and when they were recalled to London and pardoned by King James VI. in 1620 he received a pension of 200 merks, while Sir James got one of 1,000.

Twenty-five years later, during the Civil Wars, the House of Keppoch was very active on the side of King Charles. When the King’s general, the Marquess of Montrose, made his astonishing march in the snows of winter to overthrow the pusillanimous Marquess of Argyll at Inverlochy, it was a member of the clan, John MacDonald, the famous lain Lom, the poet, who guided Montrose’s army through the difficult mountain passes. After the death of Montrose the bard of Keppoch composed a lament in his honour.

At a still later day lain Lom played a dramatic part in another tragic episode in the history of his clan. The tradition runs that a Keppoch Chief, Donald Glas, sent his two sons to France to be educated, and died during their absence. On the return of the lads, Alastair and his brother Ranald, they were barbarously murdered, in September, 1663, by certain members of the clan, who took possession of their land. No one seemed disposed or powerful enough to avenge the crime: only the poet seemed to feel the outrage, and he exerted himself unceasingly to induce some chief to take the matter up. At last he managed to enlist the interest of Glengarry, who had recently been raised to the peerage as Lord MacDonell and Aros. By this chief a body of men was sent to Brac Lochaber, and the murderers were attacked in their dwellings and slain. The sequel is told in the inscription on a curious monument with an apex representing seven human heads which stands near the south-west end of Loch Oich. The inscription runs :—"As a memorial of the ample and summary vengeance which, in the swift course of feudal justice, inflicted by the orders of the Lord McDonell and Aross, overtook the perpetrators of the foul murder of the Keppoch family, a branch of the powerful and illustrious clan of which his lordship was the Chief, this monument is erected by Colonel McDonell of Glengarry, XVII. Mac-Mhic-Alaister, his successor and representative, in the year of our Lord 1812. The heads of the seven murderers were presented at the feet of the noble chief in Glengarry Castle, after having been washed in this spring, and ever since that event, which took place early in the sixteenth century, it has been known by the name of ‘Tobar-nan-ceann,’ or ‘The Well of the Heads.’ "

In its chronology the inscription is somewhat astray, as lain Lom was not born till about 1620. At the Restoration in 1660 he received a pension, and he is sometimes referred to as the poet laureate of Charles II. He was present with the Jacobite army under Dundee at Killiecrankie in 1689, and celebrated the victory of the Highland army on that occasion in a poem, " Rinrory."

Meanwhile the Macdonalds of Keppoch had been making history vigorously in their own way. In 1682 Archibald Macdonald of Keppoch died and was succeeded by his son Coll, then a youth at St. Andrews. After his father’s funeral Coll went to Inverness and tried to arrange terms to settle the old difficulties with the Mackintosh Chief. The latter, however, replied by throwing Keppoch into prison, and it took an order from the Privy Council to set him free. After this treatment Keppoch naturally refused to have dealings with Mackintosh, and in the end the latter procured a commission of fire and sword against him. It was in July, 1688, that the Mackintosh Chief, irritated by Keppoch’s refusal to pay rent and admit his authority, at last raised his clan, and, accompanied by a body of Government troops under Captain Mackenzie of Suddie, descended upon Brae Lochaber, and encamped on the height of Maol rua’, near Keppoch’s stronghold. The upshot, however, was far different from what he expected. His force numbered about a thousand men, while Keppoch had his own force increased by the Macdonalds of Glengarry and Glencoe and some Camerons. At dawn on the 4th of August Mackintosh beheld his enemies descending upon him from the ridge above. They charged without shoes, stockings, or bonnets, and did dreadful execution with their swords and Lochaber axes. Suddie was killed and Mackintosh himself taken prisoner, while his banner only escaped by its bearer leaping a chasm over which no one could follow him. The battle of Mulroy, which was the last clan battle in the Highlands, was celebrated with characteristic vigour by Ian Lom.

Mackintosh complained to the Privy Council, which sent two companies of foot and a troop of dragoons into Lochaber to destroy the Macdonalds, "man, woman and child" and burn their houses and corn. The Macdonalds, however, managed to escape to the hills, from which they witnessed the destruction of their homes and crops. In the following year, Mackintosh having refused to join the Jacobite forces under Dundee, Macdonald had the satisfaction of driving off his cattle, and burning his new mansion of Dunachton. For his activity in cattle-raiding for the Jacobite army Dundee nicknamed Keppoch as "Coll of the Cows."

In the interest of King James, Coll threatened Inverness with a force of 8oo men, but was drawn off by Dundee, and he led a thousand Highlanders to the battle of Kiliiecrankie. After the building of Fort William in 1690, however, he saw it to his interest to become reconciled to the law, and he entered into an arrangement with Mackintosh to pay a regular rent for his lands in Lochaber. He still, however, remained loyal to the Jacobite cause, and at the rising of 1715 he joined the Earl of Mar and fought at Sheriffmuir.

It was the son of Coll of the Cows, Alexander Macdonald of Keppoch, who played a very notable part in the rising under Prince Charles Edward in 1745. At the Prince’s landing he was one of the first of the Highland Chiefs to declare for him, and it was in his country, at the bridge over the Spean, that the first shots of the rising were fired and two companies of Government soldiers taken prisoners. Keppoch himself led three hundred clansmen to the raising of the Prince’s standard at Glenfinan, and having been an officer in the French service he proved of very great value throughout the campaign, till the last onset at Culloden. Since Bannockburn the Macdonalds had claimed the place of honour on the right of the Scottish armies. At Culloden this was denied them, and from their assigned place on the left they refused in consequence to charge. As the critical moment was passing, Keppoch, who was their colonel, uttered the cry, "Have the children of my tribe forsaken me?" and rushing forward himself, sword and pistol in hand, received a bullet through the breast and fell dead.

Following the battle, Lochaber was burned, houses, corn-stacks, and woods, with ruthless barbarity, by the red soldiers under the Duke of Cumberland, and two of the clansmen who went to Fort William to deliver up their arms and avail themselves of the proffered pardon were immediately hanged at a spot still pointed out near the mill. In 1752, however, Keppoch’s son, Ranald Og, petitioned for the restoration of his property on the ground that his father had fallen before the passing of attainder. He served in the Fraser Fencibles, each company of which was commanded by a chief, and he distinguished himself very highly at the siege of Quebec. The chiefs remained tenants of the lands of Keppoch till Major Alexander Macdonald had to leave, in consequence of quarrels with Sir AEneas Mackintosh. The representative of the ancient chiefs was afterwards lost sight of in America.

Only less celebrated than Ian Lom was a poetess of the clan, Sheila Macdonald, daughter of Gillespie MacAlaistair Buidhe, sixteenth chief, who became the wife of Gordon of Baldornie in Aberdeenshire. In addition to her poetry she was a noted performer on the harp, and is said to have had the gift of improvisation.

Septs of Clan MacDonald of Keppoch: MacGillivantic, MacGilp, Macglasrich, MacKillop, MacPhilip, Ronaldson, Ronald.

I found an old account of The ClanDonald of Keppoch in the Celtic Magazine of 1879 and here is a scan of the pages for you to read.


Reklame

The pattern of irresponsible or sadistic leadership would continue in Canada’s Indian Residential Schools, which Macdonald introduced as a nationwide program of assimilation in 1883.

“When the school is on the reserve, the child lives with his parents who are savages he is surrounded by savages … He is simply a savage who can read and write,” Macdonald told the House of Commons.

In the downtowns of Kingston or Montreal, Canadians remained relatively oblivious to the harsh realities of Macdonald’s policies, and largely assumed that the humane assimilation of natives into white society was going ahead as planned.

It was only in the wake of Louis Riel’s 1885 North-West Rebellion, that stories began to trickle east of starvation and suffering.


MACDONALD, ALEXANDER

Highland Scottish patriot, Gaelic poet, and lexicographer (Gaelic name, Alasdair mac Mhaighstir Alasdair)b. Dalilea, Argyllshire, 1700? d. Sandaig, Invernesshire, 1770? He was the son of Alexander MacDonald, nonjuring minister of Ardnamurchan, Scotland. The younger MacDonald is known to have been employed (1729 – 45) by the Protestant society for promoting christian knowledge and to have served in his native district as catechist and schoolmaster. The aims of this society were so wholly at variance with the sentiments of MacDonald's chief, Allan MacDonald of Clanranald, and his Catholic fellow-clansmen, that one can only conclude that Alexander worked for it because of some personal quarrel.

Around 1730 he was asked to prepare for the society a Gaelic-English vocabulary in an effort to introduce English more widely into the Highlands. After revision by the Presbytery of Mull, this work, A Galick and English Vocabulary, the first Scottish-Gaelic vocabulary to be separately printed, was published at Edinburgh (1741). MacDonald's increasing absences from his school and his alleged composition of "Galick songs, stuffed with obscene language" caused his dismissal from the society on July 4, 1745.

Prince Charles landed (July 25, 1745) at Loch nan Uamh not far from Ardnamurchan. About this time MacDonald is said to have been received into the Catholic Church. He served throughout the Rising of 1745 as an officer in the Jacobite army [see jacobites (english)]. There is strong internal evidence that he was the "Highland Officer" who wrote the "Journall and Memoirs of P. C.'s Expedition into Scotland, etc. 1745 – 6." If so, he was one of the first persons to greet the Prince, whose Gaelic tutor he became, and he received the first commission given by the Prince in Scotland. After the Battle of Culloden (April 16, 1746) he became, in effect, an outlaw.

After the Act of Indemnity (1747), MacDonald was appointed Baillie of the Island of Canna by Clanranald. He visited Bishop Forbes in Edinburgh (1747, 1748), and in April of 1751 brought him an account of the Hanoverian atrocities on the islands of Eigg and Canna. His book of Gaelic poems, Ais-Eiridh na Sean Ch á noin Albannaich (The Resurrection of the Ancient Scottish Language), published at Edinburgh probably during this visit in 1751, was reportedly destroyed by official order because of its vehement Jacobite sentiments only one copy of a 1764 reprint is known to exist.

MacDonald's Gaelic verse is distinguished by the vigor and breadth of its vocabulary, its depth of outlook, and the passion with which it expresses the Highlanders' attachment to the Jacobite cause. MacDonald had great if uneven talent for descriptive poetry he merits a high place in the literature of abuse, though his ribald verses are sometimes obscene. Hans Ais-Eiridh, the first book of original verse in Scottish Gaelic, has influenced the style and vocabulary of Scottish Gaelic poets even to the present. He left poems in manuscripts, since included in nine later editions, the latest in 1924.

Bibliografi: a. macdonald, Poems, tr. A. and a. macdonald (Inverness 1924). j. reid, Bibliotheca Scoto-Celtica (Glasgow 1832). j. l. campbell, "Some Notes on the Poems of A. MacDonald," Scottish Gaelic Studies, 4 (1934) 18 – 23 "Some Words from the Vocabulary of A. MacDonald," ibidem, 6 (1949) 27 – 42 "The Royal Irish Academy Text of Birlinn Chlann Raghnaill, " ibidem, 9 (1961) 39 – 79 "A. MacDonald: Portrait of a Traditionalist," Scots Magazine, 24 (1935) 61 – 76 tr. and ed., Highland Songs of the Forty-Five (Edinburgh 1933).


Memorable Manitobans: Alexander &ldquoSandy&rdquo Macdonald (1843-1928)

Born at Pitlochry, Scotland on 1 November 1843, brother of Duncan Macdonald, he came to Canada in 1868, and to Winnipeg in 1871. One of the founders of the Manitoba Free Press in 1886, he was President of the Tribune Publishing and its Chairman of Finance from 1887 to 1888.

He had numerous business interests. He was President of the A. MacDonald & Company (wholesale grocers at Vancouver, Nelson, and Fort William, with head office in Winnipeg), and President of the Great-West Life Assurance Company, President of the Edmonton Cement Company, a Director of the Northern Trust Company and the Northern Mortgage Company, President of the White Star Manufacturing Company. He was President of the Canada Free Trade League in 1910. In 1910 he was listed by the Winnipeg Telegram as one of Winnipeg&rsquos 19 millionaires.

On 27 September 1877, he married wife Annie Sullivan (1857-1927) of Guelph, Ontario. They had five children: Graham Macdonald (1884-1913), Grace Anne Macdonald (1886-1936, wife of John A. Forlong), Douglas Sullivan Macdonald (1891-1914), Charles Macdonald (?-1918), and Duncan Cameron Macdonald (1894-1928). He served on the Winnipeg City Council (1887-1888) and was Mayor (1892). He was an Independent candidate for the Winnipeg North constituency in the 1907 provincial general election but was defeated by John F. Mitchell. He was one of the most generous supporters of Laura Crouch&rsquos controversial Home of the Friendless orphanage.

He died at his Winnipeg home, 246 Dromore Avenue, on 23 August 1928 and was buried in the Old Kildonan Cemetery. His active pallbearers were John Crawford, D. G. Mathias, A. McMurdy, Neil Brown, Benjamin Sutherland, and Alexander B. Flett. His honorary pallbearers were Hugh John Macdonald, C. C. Ferguson, John J. Moncrieff, G. W. Murray, William A. Irish, William Robinson, E. F. Hutchings, and Robert T. Riley.

Following his death, a legal controversy over the disposition of his estate involved his son-in-law John Furlong and William A. Irish, and rebel judge Lewis S. Stubbs.


Se videoen: Oral Tradition in the Age of Smart Phones. Alexander MacDonald. TEDxFulbrightDublin


Kommentarer:

  1. Kellen

    Det siger sig selv.

  2. Goltitaur

    Jeg kan rådgive dig om dette spørgsmål og er specielt tilmeldt til at deltage i diskussionen.

  3. Reed

    Jeg kan ikke deltage i diskussionen nu - der er ingen fritid. Meget snart vil jeg nødvendigvis udtrykke min mening.

  4. Mahfouz

    Det ser ud til, at det nærmer sig.



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