Ubåde Udbud - Historie

Ubåde Udbud - Historie


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Ubådsbud

Ubåd Tilbud giver vedligeholdelse og logistisk støtte til ubåde. Sammen med destroyer -udbud er ubådsudbud de største af de aktive hjælpestoffer. Deres besætninger er hovedsageligt teknikere og reparatører.

Bud var afgørende for den ultimative succes med Anden Verdenskrigs stillehavsubådskampagne på grund af de store afstande, der kendetegnede teatret. Og efterhånden som krigen rykkede tættere på Japan, gjorde udbuddene - Proteus til Guam i februar 1945 for eksempel - at bringe ubådens "base" og alt, hvad der krævedes for at støtte dem tættere på, hvor de var nødvendige.

Siden 1. verdenskrig har ubådsudbud haft faciliteter om bord til at levere næsten enhver reparation, udskiftning, service eller forsyning af en ubåd. Dagens udbud er i det væsentlige komplette fabrikker - med mønsterbutikker, støberier og maskinforretninger med præcisionsdrejebænke, overflademøller, presser og svejsemaskiner. Selvom en udskiftningsdel ikke er lagerført eller på anden måde er tilgængelig i udbuddet, kan den ofte fremstilles i timer. Pladeforretningen kan lave skillevægge, kanalarbejde og rør. Elektriske medarbejdere kan køre ledninger, genvinde motorer og reparere andet elektrisk udstyr samt servicere eller udskifte de massive batteribanker. Elektronikforretninger er fuldt kvalificerede til at håndtere radio, radar, ekkolod, navigationshjælpemidler og brandbekæmpelsesudstyr. Der er våbenspecialister til torpedoer, missiler og affyringssystemer plus optiske teknikere til at passe bådens periskoper. Komplette medicinske og tandlægefaciliteter er til rådighed for at sørge for mandskabernes sundhed og velvære - og selvfølgelig et lager af forsyninger - fra toiletpapir til torpedoer - som besætningen får brug for på sin næste patrulje. Desuden er udbud bemandet - især på højtstående niveauer - med meget erfarent personale, og deres kumulative ekspertise er uvurderlig for de både, der følger med til reparation og ombygning.

Efterhånden som ubåde blev placeret på flere og flere havne, fandt lokale "stationsskibe" sig vært for besætningerne på den lokale ubådsflotille, især da et overfladeskib var let at binde til - og var praktisk som en kilde til hjælp.

USA trådte ind i "Silent Service" -verdenen, da de købte sin første ubåd, USS Holland (SS-1), i 1900. Inden for tre år erhvervede den seks flere. På det tidspunkt var ubåde lidt mere end rå overfladefartøjer, der kortvarigt kunne nedsænke for at ramme en fjende - og derefter skynde sig væk under bølgerne. Da disse små både generelt blev betragtet som kystforsvarsaktiver og under alle omstændigheder ikke kunne transportere meget brændstof, mad eller våben, opererede de generelt fra en landstation, hvor besætningen kunne finde kajplads og rode i land. Men meget snart, da ubåde blev placeret ved flere og flere havne, fandt lokale "stationsskibe" sig vært for besætningerne på den lokale ubådsflotille, især da et overfladeskib var let at binde til - og var praktisk som kilde til Hjælp.

Dette hyggelige forhold udviklede sig til det punkt, hvor værten til sidst blev en slags moderskib. Søværnet indså hurtigt, at en fordel ved at lægge ubådsforsyninger, reservedele, servicefaciliteter og kajplads på et overfladeskib var, at det gjorde dem lige så bærbare som ubådene selv. Hvis en flotilje blev sendt til en fjern havn, kunne udbuddet bare gå lige ad - og det blev næsten lige så enkelt at oprette en ny ubådsbase som at tabe ankeret. Således opstod en vigtig tidlig rolle for ubådsudbuddet - at operere på forhånd baser over hele verden, så den amerikanske flåde kunne projektere ubåds tilstedeværelse, hvor det var nødvendigt. Endnu en impuls var, at det daglige liv ombord på tidlige ubåde var forfærdeligt-og de bedre indkvarteringer, et tilbud kunne tilbyde, var hårdt nødvendige for at holde en båds besætning sund og egnet til tjeneste.

I løbet af deres første årti blev søværnets de facto ubådsudbud primært behandlet som indkvarteringsskibe, og så ofte som ikke blev disse tidlige hjælpere salvet som "bud" simpelthen ved at blive beordret til at blive et. Men efterhånden som ubådsdrivning, våben, brandbekæmpelse, miljø og andre interne systemer blev mere og mere komplekse, blev det udstyr, færdigheder, tjenester og forsyninger, der var nødvendige for korrekt vedligeholdelse af dem. I stigende grad blev udbud, der var bedre udstyret med de specialiserede faciliteter og maskiner, der var nødvendige for at udføre opgaven, bygget og bragt online. USS Holland (AS-3) blev for eksempel lanceret i 1926 og havde en speciel kran installeret i stævnen til at løfte ubåde. Men da undervands -teknologien udviklede sig hurtigt mellem 1930 og 1940, blev selv disse mere moderne bud snart utilstrækkelige til opgaven.

Så det var, at en helt ny klasse af skibe - designet fra kølen op som ubådsudbud - blev udviklet specifikt for at tilfredsstille de nye både behov. Den første i denne klasse - og det andet bud med navnet - USS Fulton (AS -11), var til søs på hendes shakedown -krydstogt den 7. december 1941 og kun ti dage efter Pearl Harbor, den anden af ​​dem - USS Sperry (AS -12) - blev lanceret på Mare Island. Til sidst ville Fulton -klassen nummerere syv skibe, bestilt mellem 1941 og 1945. Fem forbliver flydende i reserveflåden.

Ved afslutningen af ​​Anden Verdenskrig - deres "højvandsmærke" og "fineste time" - opererede 17 ubådsudbud rundt om i verden, aktivt engageret i hele den række støtteaktiviteter, der er beskrevet ovenfor. Men så, med den generelle træk efter krigen, blev alle på nær fire pensioneret. Koreakrigen (1950-1953) fik to taget i brug igen - og alle Fultonerne undtagen Proteus tjente under hele den kolde krig. Sidstnævnte var unik. Efter at have deltaget i den japanske overgivelse i Tokyo Bay og kort efter undersøgt ubåde i Japan efter krigen, blev Proteus "pensioneret" til New London, Connecticut, hvor hun blev tildelt - dog ikke i kommission - som "stationsskib" på ubådsbasen , der leverede supporttjenester fra 1947 til 1959. Flere ville følge.

Med udviklingen af ​​ubåds atomkraft kort efter midten af ​​århundredet blev amerikanske ubåde i stand til at blive på havet - og nedsænket - i flere måneder. På grund af deres næsten usårlighed fremkom de som den ideelle platform til at transportere Amerikas nukleare afskrækkende til søs, og Fleet Ballistic Missile Submarine (SSBN) blev født med ibrugtagning af USS George Washington (SSBN-598) i december 1959. Drift fra forhånd baser rundt om i verden, blev "boomerne" den magtfaktor, der bevarede freden i den farlige æra, der fulgte Sovjets demonstration af atomvåben og egne interkontinentale ballistiske missiler. Men hvis SSBN'erne repræsenterede "spydets spids", var det ubådsudbuddene, der holdt dem der, og de fulgte op med deres bidrag til at vinde Anden Verdenskrig med ingen lille rolle i at vinde den kolde krig.

The Emory S. Land og L.Y. Spydklasser blev designet og udstyret til at rumme angreb ubåde, og kan servicere fire ubåde fortøjet sammen samtidigt. USS Proteus blev bestilt som et diesel-udbud i 1944 og revideret og omkonfigureret i 1959-60 for at servicere ballistiske missil subs. I 1981 blev hun et angreb på ubådsudbud. Hunley- og Simon Lake -klasserne er især konfigureret til at servicere ballistiske missilubåde. USS Hunley er blevet konverteret til service angreb ubåde.

Mellem årene 1990 og 2000 deaktiverede flåden otte af de resterende ti ubådsudbud og i øvrigt alle seks ødelæggerudbud og fire ud af otte skibsværfter.

For at hjælpe flåden med at rekapitalisere sin flåde ved at udnytte skibsdriftens kernekompetencer, højere operationelt tempo og reduceret bemanding har MSC fremsat forslag til chefen for flådeoperationer og flåden om at overføre skibsoperationer af kommandoskibe, bjærgningsskibe og ubådsudbud til MSC. MSC kan også drive ubådsudbud og i det væsentlige levere kamplogistik, vedligeholdelse og reparationstjenester til ubåde, som MSC allerede gør for overfladeflåderne. Hvert af disse transformationsinitiativer vil reducere besætningsstørrelser ombord på disse skibe på grund af det relativt høje erfaringsniveau for MSC-embedsmænd, og dermed returnere kritiske søgående Sailor billets til flåden og spare flåden værdifulde midler i løbet af tiden.


Ubåde Udbud - Historie

Efter at have dedikeret mere end 30 år til Submarine Force
Jeg ville hylde disse store "både"
og de mange fine skibskammerater, som jeg havde æren af ​​at tjene sammen med.



Den tredje af "Ethan Allen Class" af Fleet Ballistic Missile ubåde:
[USS THOMAS A. EDISON (SSBN 610)]

Den syvende af "Sturgeon Class" hurtige angreb ubåde:
[USS SUNFISH (SSN 649)]

Den fjerde af "Permit Class" af angreb ubåde:
[USS POLLACK (SSN 603)]

Og endelig i en helt egen "klasse":
[USS HALIBUT (SSGN 587)]

Her er historien - og nogle eksempler - på ubådens insignier:
[DOLFINER ]

Jeg har også inkluderet en side med ubådsmemorabilia til salg:
Herunder skibets plaketter, cachets, patches og postkort.
[SALGSVÆRELSE]

Og en side med interessante ubådsrelaterede links:
[LINKS ]



Hvis du har spørgsmål eller kommentarer - tak kontakt mig.


USS SIMON LAKE (AS-33)

USS Simon Lake (AS-33) blev fastlagt den 7. januar 1963 af Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (PSNS), Bremerton, Wash. lanceret den 8. februar 1964
og blev taget i brug den 7. november 1964.

Efter idriftsættelse sejlede Simon Lake fra Bremerton den 16. januar 1965 til Pearl Harbor på hendes krydstogt og vendte tilbage til Bremerton den 17. februar i en periode på seks ugers værftsperiode. Hun skilte sig ud fra Bremerton den 16. april 1965 og gik videre til Charleston, South Carolina, via Panamakanalen. Simon Lake ankom til Charleston den 1. maj 1965 og påbegyndte opgaver som ubådsudbud for Squadron Four.

Den 11. juli 1966 sejlede hun til Holy Loch, Skotland, hvor hun aflastede USS Hunley (AS-31) som Site One-tilbud på Submarine Squadron 14.


Missilbelastning udenfor bagbord

Hun opererede der i næsten fire år, indtil lettet af USS Canopus (AS-34) den 24. maj 1970.

I juni sejlede hun til Bremerton for sin første revision siden idriftsættelsen. Udbuddet var i gården ved PSNS, Bremerton, fra 6. juli 1970 til marts 1971 og blev der også konverteret til Poseidon -missilkapacitet.

Simon Lake vendte tilbage til Charleston i april 1971 og tjente der, indtil hun lettede USS Holland (AS-32) i Rota, Spanien i december 1972 til en fireårig turné.

I januar 1977 gik skibet i gang for Charleston at gennemgå en kompleks eftersyn. Efter hendes eftersyn lindrede hun USS Hunley (AS-31) som bosiddende udbud i Charleston.

I juli 1979 flyttede Simon Lake til King's Bay, Georgien, hvor hun blev det første bud på det nyetablerede ombygningssted der. Hendes fremragende reparationsarbejde resulterede i, at hun modtog 1982, 1984 og 1985 Battle Efficiency "E" -priser.

I august 1985 foretog hun et hjemstedskifte til Pascagoula, Mississippi for at foretage en revision. Efter eftersynet vendte hun tilbage til Charleston i oktober 1986, hvor hun gennemførte rutinemæssige vedligeholdelser.

Simon Lake vendte tilbage til Holy Loch i maj 1987 for igen at aflaste Hunley. Hun modtog 1988- og 1991 Battle Efficiency “E” -priserne og blev tildelt Meritorious Unit Commendation i 1992. Hun blev i Skotland indtil marts 1992 og havde æren af ​​at være det sidste amerikanske underbud, der tjente der. Mens hun blev hjemført i Holy Loch, dampede hun i gennemsnit 350 dage om året. Hun havde også æren af ​​at være det sidste bud, der tjente på Site One.


AK påfyldningsfragtskib ved siden af ​​plus fire ombygninger til havn


I marts 1992 vendte Simon Lake tilbage til Norfolk for at foretage en omfattende eftersyn. Efter gennemførelsen af ​​eftersynet i marts 1993 tog hun af sted til sin nye hjemby La Maddalena, Italien, hvor hun aflastede USS Orion (AS-18). For overlegen service til flåden modtog hun både Battle Efficiency “E” og Meritorious Unit Commendation-priser for perioden 7. juli 1993 til 31. august 1994.

I marts 1998 transporterede skibet Suez -kanalen til De Forenede Arabiske Emirater, hvor hun støttede Operation Southern Watch i Den Arabiske Golf. Hendes fremragende præstation i løbet af 47 ledige stillinger førte til, at hun modtog Navy Unit Commendation og Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal. I juni 1998 vendte hun tilbage til La Maddalena, Italien.

Simon Lakes præstationer i løbet af hendes sidste to års tjeneste var særligt bemærkelsesværdige. Ikke alene modtog hun de priser, der er forbundet med Den Arabiske Golf, men hun blev nomineret til forsvarsministerens vedligeholdelsespris, modtog 1997 og 1998 Battle Efficiency “Es”, 1998 Chief of Naval Operations Safety Award, 1998 Golden Anchor -prisen, og hun blev det første overfladeskib, der modtog både Enlisted Surface Warfare og Surface Warfare Officer vimpler.

Efter at være blevet lettet af USS Emory S. Land (AS-39) forlod Simon Lake La Maddalena den 11. maj 1999 og krydsede Atlanterhavet for at Norfolk, Virginia skulle tages ud af drift.

I løbet af hendes 36 års dedikerede service ydede Simon Lake alle aspekter af logistik- og reparationsstøtte til gennemsnitligt 45 ubåde og overfladeskibe, der består af over 5.000 vitale reparationsopgaver, årligt. Hun tjente over 20 år som et fremadrettet bud, hun tjente som ambassadør for USA, viste flaget og underholdt udenlandske dignitærer under næsten 100 havnebesøg i fremmede lande.

Simon Lake blev nedlagt den 31. juli 1999 i Norfolk, VA.

Hvis du har spørgsmål eller kommentarer - tak kontakt mig.

Alt indhold inklusive billeder er copyright af AboutSubs.com
og kan ikke bruges uden tilladelse fra AboutSubs.
Copyright © 1999

For en mere detaljeret historie om Simon Lake, se: Tender Tale


U.S.S. FULTON

USS FULTON var det første af ubådsudbuddene i Fulton -klassen, der blev bygget i 1940'erne. USS Fulton blev opkaldt efter Robert Fulton (1765 - 1815) en amerikansk opfinder, der krediteres udviklingen af ​​dampbåden. Fulton byggede Nautilus, den første succesfulde ubåd, mens han var i Frankrig i slutningen af ​​1790'erne.

Fultons køl blev lagt i Mare Island Naval Ship, nord for San Francisco, Californien den 19. juli 1939. Hun blev søsat, 27. december 1940, og efter tilpasning blev bestilt USS Fulton (AS-11) den 12. september 1941. I gang til off USA's vestkyst den 7. december 1941 transporterede USS Fulon gennem Panama, Nicaragua og Galapagosøerne og yder materiel støtte til amerikanske flådeinstallationer og vandflybaser.

Da 1942 skred frem, dampede Fulton fra San Deigo til Pearl Harbor, hvor hun støttede de amerikanske ubådsstyrker, da de pressede sig frem mod japanerne med deres første krigspatruljer. Juni 1942 bragte slaget ved Midway. Den amerikanske Carrier taskforce under kommando af admiraler Flecther og Spruance besejrede admiral Yamamotos styrker, men mistede den amerikanske Carrier Yorktown. USS Fulton transporterede Yorktown -overlevende til Pearl Harbor efter slaget.

USS Fulton avancerede til Midway Island i sommeren 1942 og derefter videre til Brisbane, Australien. Fulton tilbragte næsten et år, november 1942 til oktober 1943 i Australien, og leverede vedligeholdelse og teknisk support til de allieredes flådekommandoer. Efterhånden som "fronten" af krigen gik frem mod de japanske hjemøer, flyttede Uss Fulton sin station til Milne Bay, New Guinea, og yder igen den nødvendige støtte fra oktober 1943 til marts 1944. På krigstid og baseret over havet i over tre år (december 1941 til marts 1944) Fulton sejlede til ompasning på vestkysten af ​​USA.

Efter ombygning genoptog USS Fulton pligter, der understøttede US Navy Submarine Force indsats for at afslutte japanerne. I løbet af de sidste 16 måneder af Anden Verdenskrig gik Fulton, hvor det var nødvendigt - Pearl Harbor, Midway, Saipan og Guam. Krigens afslutning i august 1945 fik hende til at vende tilbage til USA for eftersyn, derefter tilbage til Pearl Harbor i begyndelsen af ​​1946.

9. juni 1946 sejlede Fulton til Bikini Atoll for at støtte ubådene involveret i test af atombomber. Da testen afsluttede vendte Fulton tilbage til vestkysten. Den 3. april 1947, på Mare Island Navy Yard, hvor hun blev konstrueret, blev Fulton fjernet og placeret i reserve.

Med Korea -krigen blev Fultons tjenester igen påkrævet. Hun blev genoptaget den 10. april 1951. Ved passage af Panamakanalen ankom Fulton til sin nye hjemhavn i New London, CT i marts 1951. Hun tilbragte susequently de næste seks år på den vestlige side af Nordatlanten, lige fra Island til Carribbean, der plejede en amerikansk ubådstyrke, der udviklede sig fra dieselbådene i 2. verdenskrig, gennem strømmen foret Guppys til atomdrevne subs.

I slutningen af ​​1957 sejlede USS Fulton på en indsættelse i Nordatlanten, deltog i Operation Natoflex og besøgte anløbshavne Rothesay, Skotland og Portland, England. 1960'erne blev brugt lige så meget af 1950'erne på at støtte ubådsstyrkerne i New London, med lejlighedsvise sejladser til vestlige atlantiske lokaliteter til operationer.


Ubådsbud

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Det USS Frank Cable, et af to ubådsudbud, der vedligeholdes af den amerikanske flåde. (Foran vises USS Salt Lake City hurtig angreb ubåd.)

EN ubådsbud er en skibstype, der leverer og understøtter ubåde.

Ubåde er små sammenlignet med de fleste fartøjer i havn og har generelt ikke evnen til at transportere store mængder mad, brændstof, torpedoer og andre forsyninger eller at bære et komplet udvalg af vedligeholdelsesudstyr og personale. Udbuddet indeholder alle disse og møder enten ubådene til søs for at genopbygge dem eller leverer disse tjenester, mens de ligger i en havn nær det område, hvor ubådene opererer. I nogle flåder var udbudene udstyret med værksteder til vedligeholdelse og som flydende sovesale med nødhjælp.

Den tyske flåde kunne ikke betjene konventionelle overfladeudbud under Anden Verdenskrig, og brugte ubåde af type XIV (malkekøer) som udbud i stedet.

I Royal Navy er udtrykket, der bruges til et ubådsudbud, "ubådsdepotskib", for eksempel HMS Medway og HMS Maidstone, og udtrykket, der blev brugt i Armada de Chile (chilenske flåde), om et ubådsudbud, er "ubådsmoderskib", som BMS (buque madre de submarinos) Almirante Merino.

Med den øgede størrelse og automatisering af moderne ubåde plus deres afhængighed af atomkraft er udbud ikke længere så nødvendige for brændstof, som de engang var.

Overførsel af et Polaris -missil mellem USS Proteus (AS-19) & amp USS Patrick Henry (SSBN-599) i Holy Loch, Dunoon, Skotland, 1961

Den russiske flåde fjernede alle sine Don og Ugra klasseudbud arvet fra den sovjetiske flåde i 2001. Det sidste tilbageværende skib i denne klasse var INS Amba (A54), der oprindeligt blev solgt til den indiske flåde i 1968 til brug med deres flåde af Foxtrot-klasse ubåde. Hun blev angiveligt taget ud af tjeneste i juli 2006. [ citat nødvendig ]


Ubåde Udbud - Historie

Emory S. Land (AS 39) er hovedskibet i hendes klasse af ubådsudbud i den amerikanske flåde, designet (men ikke begrænset) til at understøtte hurtige angreb ubåde i Los Angeles-klassen, og blev opkaldt efter admiral Emory S. Land (1879-1971) kendt for sine bidrag til søarkitektur, især inden for ubådsdesign. Kølen blev lagt ned på 2. marts 1976, hos Lockheed Shipbuilding and Construction Company i Seattle, Wash. Hun blev døbt og lanceret den 4. maj 1977. Fru Sarah H. Long, hustru til adm. Robert L. J. Long, fungerede som sponsor for skibet. Kaptajn Dennis Y. Sloan er den kommende kommandant.

7. november 1978 Pre-Commissioning Unit (PCU) Emory S. land i gang for første gang for at gennemføre Builders (Alpha & quotA & quot) havforsøg. Færdiggjorde indledende ammunition på den nybyggede mole ved Naval Weapons Magazine Indian Island, Wash., Den 11. maj 1979.

7. juli 1979 USS Emory S. Land blev bestilt under en ceremoni i Bremerton, Wash.

22. juli afgik AS 39 til Shakedown -træning i Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

31. januar 1980 Emory S. Land gik ind i Newport News-værftet for en to måneders Post Shakedown Availability (PSA). Vendte tilbage den 28. marts.

Fra 9. april til 3. juni gennemførte ubådsudbuddet korte igangværende perioder for rutinemæssig træning.

5. september, USS Emory S. Land forlod Naval Station Norfolk for sin jævne udrulning af Det Indiske Ocean til dets driftsbase, øen Diego Garcia, British Indian Ocean Territory.

Efter et kort stop i Palma de Mallorca, Spanien, transporterede Emory S. Land Suez -kanalen den 25. september Opereret i Diego Garcia til og med den 12. december og leverede udbudstjenester til 11 overfladeskibe og tre ubåde.

15. januar 1981 AS 39 vendte tilbage til sin hjemby Norfolk, Va., Efter mere end en fire måneders igangværende periode. Havnebesøg i Haifa, Israel og Malaga, Spanien.

Fra den 27. maj til den 6. juni var Emory S. Land i gang for at træne krydstogt til Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

21. august, Kaptajn Melvin H. Sollberger lettet kaptajn Dennis Y. Sloan som CO i Landet.

Fra den 26. november til den 7. december var USS Emory S. Land i gang for at træne krydstogt til Nassau, Bahamas.

6. juni 1983 USS Emory S. Land kom ind i Norfolk Naval Shipyard for en to måneders Selected Restricted Availability (SRA).

13. august, Kaptajn Robert G. Partlow lettet kaptajn Melvin H. Sollberger som kommandør for Emory S. Land.

I 1984 foretog USS Emory S. Land et havnebesøg i Freeport, Bahamas.

18. august 1984 Kaptajn Richard K. Young lettet kaptajn Robert G. Partlow som CO i AS 39.

I april 1985 forankrede ubådsudbuddet ud for Annapolis, Md., For et havnebesøg for at støtte byens årlige forårsfestival.

I juni leverede USS Emory S. Land udbudstjenester til Royal Navy's ballistiske missilubåde HMS Resolution (S22) for Weapons Systems Test off Port Canaveral, Fla. Også i juni foretog landet havnebesøg i Halifax, N.S.

2. september ?, Emory S. Land nødsituationen blev sorteret fra Naval Station Norfolk for at undgå orkanen Gloria.

14. marts 1986 Kaptajn Joseph D. Sharpe, Jr., lettet kaptajn Richard K. Young som CO i AS 39.

30. maj ankom USS Emory S. Land til Port Everglades, Fla., For et tre-dages besøg i Ft. Lauderdale.

I juli fungerede Emory S. Land som officer i taktisk kommando af fire amerikanske skibe og fem udenlandske skibe i transit fra Virginia Capes OPAREA til New York Harbor, hvor hun deltog i International Naval Review og fjerde juli Statue of Liberty Rededication ceremonier.

I august forankrede ubådsudbuddet ud for Annapolis, Md., Til støtte for Midshipmen -ture i USS Baton Rouge (SSN 689).

12. marts 1987 The Emory S. Land forankret ud for Annapolis til støtte for Midshipmen -ture i USS Atlanta (SSN 712).

21. august forankrede USS Emory S. Land ud for kysten af ​​St. Thomas, De Amerikanske Jomfruøer, til et fem dages havnebesøg i Charlotte Amalie.

15. april 1988 Kaptajn William E. Fitzpatrick, Jr., lettet kaptajn Joseph D. Sharpe, Jr., som 6. CO i Emory S. Land.

I 1988 omgåede USS Emory S. Land verden under dens indsættelse i Mellemøsten. Mens de lå for anker ved Masirah, Oman, fra juni til september, leverede AS 39 tilbudstjenester til overfladekampanter i Joint Task Force Middle East, USS Forrestal (CV 59) og USS Carl Vinson (CVN 70) Battle Groups. Havneanløb til Lissabon, Portugal Napoli, Italien Port Said, Egypten Muscat, Oman Fremantle, Australien og Naval Station Rodman i Balboa, Panama.

I 1989 afsluttede Emory S. Land den fire måneder lange Drydocking Selected Restricted Availability (DSRA) på Metro Machine-værftet i Norfolk, Va.

Fra den 12.-16. Februar 1990 var AS 39 i gang for Independent Steaming Exercise (ISE) i Virginia Capes Op. Areal. I gang igen fra 15-16 marts.

24. marts, Kaptajn Lawrence T. Keegan aflastede kaptajn William E. Fitzpatrick, Jr., som landets CO under en kommandoskiftceremoni ombord på skibet ved Naval Station Norfolk's Pier 23.

26. april anker The Emory S. Land ud for Annapolis, Md., For et fem-dages havnebesøg for at støtte Midshipmen indoktrinering.

21. juni ankom USS Emory S. Land til New York City, NY, for et fem-dages havnebesøg for at deltage i den årlige Fleet Week-fest. Vendte hjem den 29. juni.

Fra 25.-28. September var ubådsudbuddet i gang for en Board of Inspection and Survey (INSURV) vurdering.

11. februar 1991 AS 39 trak ind i Port Canaveral, Fla., For et otte-dages havneanløb for at laste 24 Tomahawk Vertical Launch Systems (VLS'er). Vendte hjem den 22. februar.

I slutningen af ​​juli leverede Emory S. Land udbudstjenester til USS Baton Rouge. I gang med lokale operationer fra 5-9. August, 16.-19. September og 8.-14. Oktober.

7. november forankrede USS Emory S. Land ud for Annapolis, Md., For et fem-dages havnebesøg. Udbudssupporttjenester til USS Baltimore (SSN 704) fra den 13.-19. November og USS Key West (SSN 722) den 21. november.

Fra den 24. februar til den 9. marts 1992 var Emory S. Land i gang for et havneanløb til Port Canaveral, Fla.

1. april påbegyndte USS Emory S. Land en tre måneders Selected Restricted Availability (SRA) på Norfolk Naval Shipyard i Portsmouth, Va.

26. maj, Kaptajn James W. Suhr lettet kaptajn Lawrence T. Keegan som CO i AS 39.

Fra den 21.-27. Juni var ubådsudbuddet i gang på havforsøg. I gang med et havnebesøg i Nassau, Bahamas, fra 3.-13. August.

9. september forankrede The Land ud for Annapolis, Md., Til et seks dages havnebesøg til støtte for Midshipmen-ture i USS Maryland (SSBN 738) og USS Alexandria (SSN 757).

Fra den 11.-29. Januar 1993 var USS Emory S. Land i gang med forberedelser til operationel fremdriftsanalyse (OPPE). i VACAPES Op. Areal.

1. juli ankom The Emory S. Land til Boston, Mass., Til et planlagt havnebesøg for at deltage i årlige Harborfest -festligheder. Vendte tilbage til Norfolk den 13. juli efter en 22-dages gang og et havnebesøg i Halifax, Nova Scotia.

8. august foretog USS Emory S. Land den første last nogensinde ud af en TRIDENT ubåd i Naval Station Norfolk.

18. august lettede viceadm. George W. Emery viceadm. Henry G. Chiles som kommandør, U.S. Submarine Forces Atlantic Fleet (COMSUBLANT) under en kommandoskiftceremoni ombord på AS 39 i Norfolk.

I oktober gennemførte Emory S. Land Marines første undervandsinstallation af MK 2 MOD 1 modforanstaltningssystem på USS Boise (SSN 764). I gang med lokale operationer fra 25.-28. Oktober.

21. marts 1994 USS Emory S. Land forlod Nofolk for motion Polo Hat 94-1 og havnebesøg i Nassau, Bahamas. Vendte hjem den 1. april.

12. april kom Landet ind i Dry Dock #3 på Norfolk Naval Shipyard for en fire måneders Drydocking Selected Restricted Availability (DSRA).

3. juni, Kaptajn John J. Paulson lettet kaptajn James W. Suhr som den 9. CO i USS Emory S. Land.

26. juli, Ubådsudbuddet flyttede fra tørdok til Pier 4. I gang med havforsøg fra 22.-23. August og 29. august-1. september I gang med rutinemæssig træning fra 4.-6. november I gang for INSURV-vurdering den nov. 15 I gang med OPPE Preps. fra 29. november- 8. december.

2. februar 1995 AS 39 trak ind i havnen Canaveral, Fla., For et fire-dages havneanløb.

Fra den 18.-25. Maj var Emory S. Land i gang med rutinemæssig træning i Virginia Capes OPAREA.

15. august blev USS Emory S. Land nødsituation sorteret fra Naval Station Norfolk for at undgå orkanen Felix. Vendte tilbage den 22. august Undervejs for lokale operationer fra 19.-26. September, 26.-29. Januar, 1996 og 6-8. Februar. I gang for OPPE-øvelser fra 13.-20. Maj og OPPE fra 21.-23. Maj.

24. maj, Kaptajn James C. Kane lettet kaptajn John J. Paulson som CO i Emory S. Land.

Juni lindrede viceadm. Richard W. Mies viceadm. George W. Emery som kommandør, U.S. Submarine Forces Atlantic Fleet, under en kommandoskiftceremoni ombord på Emory S. Land ved Naval Station Norfolk's Pier 12.

11. juli, Ubådsudbud nødsituation sorterede fra Norfolk for at undgå orkanen Bertha. Returneret den 15. juli Påbegyndte en tre måneders tilgængelig fase for vedligeholdelse (PMA) den 1. august I gang med havforsøg og et havnebesøg i Port Canaveral fra 7.-21. November.

18. februar 1997 USS Emory S. Land forankret ud for Philipsburg, De Nederlandske Antiller, til et tredages besøg på øen St. Maarten. Vendte hjem den 26. februar efter en to ugers gang.

20. marts anker The Emory S. Land ud for Annapolis, Md., Til et seks dages havnebesøg til støtte for Midshipmen-ture i et SSBN. I gang igen den 15. maj Inport Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay, Ga., Fra 23. maj- 2. juni Hjemrejse den 5. juni Undervejs den 4. september Havnebesøg i Halifax, NS, fra 12.-16. September Vendte hjem den 19. september I gang den 20. oktober Inport Naval Station Roosevelt Roads, PR, fra 25.-29. Oktober. Vendte tilbage til Norfolk den 4. november.

7. november, Kaptajn Thomas A. Dowell lettet kaptajn James C. Kane som CO af AS 39.

Fra den 9.-13. Februar 1998 var ubådsudbuddet i gang for rutinemæssig uddannelse i VACAPES Op. Areal. I gang for et skræddersyet skibs uddannelsestilgængelighed (TSTA) I fra 18.-20. Februar og 1.-5. Marts I gang for TSTA II fra 31. marts-7. april, 12.-21. Maj og 26.-28.

25. august blev USS Emory S. Land nødsituation sorteret fra Norfolk for at undgå orkanen Bonnie. Vendte tilbage d. 29. august Inport NSB Kings Bay, Fla., Fra 10.-17. September Inport Port Canaveral fra 18.-21. September. Vendte hjem den 23. september.

1. oktober kom Emory S. Land ind på Norfolk Naval Shipyard for en fire måneders tilgængelighed for Drydocking Phased Maintenance (DPMA).

Fra 1-5. Marts 1999 var landet i gang med lokale operationer. Havneanløb til Naval Station Rota, Spanien, fra 16.-19. April.

22. april, USS Emory S. Land ankom til sin nye hjemby Santo Stefano Naval Base i La Maddalena, Sardinien, Italien, efter en 16-dages transit fra Norfolk, Va.

30. april lindrede USS Emory S. Land USS Simon Lake (AS 33) for overvågningsansvaret for kommunikationskredsløb inden for U.S. 6th Fleet AoR.

Fra 3.-12. Juni var AS 39 i gang i det vestlige Middelhav. Forankret ud for Palma de Mallorca, Spanien, fra 8.-11. Juni I gang til støtte for øvelse Figleaf 99-03 fra 15.-19. Juli, hvilket giver kritiske kommunikationsforbindelser til Middelhavsflåden som en del af højfrekvent mobilkommunikationsnetværk.

23. juli, Kaptajn Leonard A. Zingarelli lettet kaptajn Thomas A. Dowell som CO for USS Emory S. Land.

Fra 26. juli til 4. august var ubådsudbuddet i gang for et havnebesøg i Napoli, Italien. Forankret ud for Napoli fra 30. juli- 3. august. I gang igen den 19. august Inport Toulon, Frankrig, fra 20. august- 3. september Kort stop til Augusta Bay, Sicilien, fra 6-7. September Hjemkomst den 8. september i gang til rutinemæssig træning fra 9.-17. december.

I 1999 leverede Emory S. Land udbudstjenester til 15 ubåde og 9 overfladeskibe.

6. januar 2000 AS 39 ankom til Naval Support Activity Souda Bay på Kreta, Grækenland, for et 10-dages havneanløb. Vendte hjem den 19. januar Undervejs fra 29. marts- 4. april Kort stop i Augusta Bay den 2. april I gang igen den 19. maj Forankret ud for Haifa, Israel, fra 23. til 28. maj Forankret ud for Korfu, Grækenland, fra 31. maj- 9. juni Inport Augusta Bay fra 10.-19. Juni Hjemvendt den 21. juni Leverede tilbud om support til USS Hartford (SSN 768) fra 27. juni til 13. juli.

29. juli forankrede USS Emory S. Land ud for La Spezia, Italien, til et tre-dages havnebesøg. Vendte hjem den 2. august Undervejs for ISE fra 28. august- 3. september I gang igen den 9. september.

September 13, The submarine tender pulled into Aksaz Naval Base, Turkey, for a five-day port call. Returned home on Sept. 22 Underway again on Nov. 4 Brief stop in Augusta Bay on Nov. 6 Port visit to Rijeka, Croatia, from Nov. 9-17 Returned home on Nov. 21.

In 2000, the Emory S. Land provided 27 tender support services to 9 diferent submarines and 23 tender support services to 23 surface ships.

27. juli 2001 Capt. Walter S. Gray, IV relieved Capt. Leonard A. Zingarelli as CO of the Land.

August 1, USS Emory S. Land recently pulled into Rijeka, Croatia, for FMAV with USS Kearsarge (LHD 3) and USS Ponce (LPD 15).

In 2002, USS Emory S. Land provided 24 tender support services to 11 diferent submarines and 8 tender support services to 6 surface ships also supported exercises Figleaf 02-1/2/3.

From January 6-13, 2003, AS 39 provided tender support services to USS Newport News (SSN 750) in La Maddalena, Italy. Underway on Jan. 13.

January 18, USS Emory S. Land arrived in Aksaz Naval Base for an 11-day port visit to Marmaris, Turkey, and to provide tender support services to USS San Juan (SSN 751), USS Deyo (DD 989) and USS Montpelier (SSN 765).

February 1, The submarine tender pulled into Augusta Bay, Italy, for a brief stop to refuel. Returned home on Feb. 3 Underway again on Feb. 15 Inport Souda Bay, Crete, from Feb. 19-21.

From Feb. 21 through March 1, the Land was anchored off Souda Bay, providing tender support services to USS San Juan, USS Augusta, USS Boise (SSN 764), USS Winston Churchill (DDG 81) and USS Toledo (SSN 769) Inport Souda Bay from March 1-7 for Fleet Maintenance Availability (FMAV) with USS Deyo Anchored off Souda Bay from March 7-12 for FMAV with USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71), USS Boise, USS Providence (SSN 719), USS Mitscher (DDG 57), USS Sentry (MCM 3) and USS Devastator (MCM 6).

10. marts, Capt. David M. Volonino relieved Capt. Walter S. Gray, IV as CO of AS 39.

March 12, The Emory S. Land moored again at Naval Support Activity Souda Bay for a four-day port call. Anchored off Souda Bay from March 19-25 for FMAV with USS Scout (MCM 8), USS Chief (MCM 14) and four U.S. Coast Guard ships.

From March 25 through April 12, the submarine tender was again inport Souda Bay for FMAV with USS Providence, USS Newport News, USS San Juan, USS Boise and USS Pittsburgh (SSN 720). The historic mooring of four 688-class submarines along one side of the tender at the same time Anchored off Souda Bay from April 12-23 for FMAV with USS Augusta and USS Montpelier.

April 27, USS Emory S. Land returned to La Maddalena after two-and-a-half month underway period in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom.

From April 28- May 3, the Emory S. Land provided tender support services to USS Briscoe (DD 977). FMAV on USS Scout and USS Chief from April 30- May 5 FMAV on USS Providence from May 19-22 FMAV on USS Montpelier from May 23- June 6.

June 9, USS Emory S. Land departed homeport for routine training. Port visit to Koper, Slovenia, from June 17-23 Brief stop in Augusta Bay from June 26-27 Returned home on July 3 FMAV on USS Hampton (SSN 767) from July 9-14 FMAV on Philadelphia (SSN 690) from July 15-21 FMAV on USS Memphis (SSN 691) from July 28-31 FMAV on USS Springfield (SSN 761) from Aug. 12-18 FMAV on Philadelphia from Aug. 14-24.

From Aug. 24 through Sept. 3, the submarine tender was underway for routine training. Brief stop in Augusta Bay, Italy, on Aug. 27 FMAV on USS Hampton from Sept. 5-19 FMAV on USS Philadelphia from Sept. 17-29 FMAV on USS Hampton from Oct. 3-6 Underway for local operations from Oct. 8-9 FMAV on USS Springfiled and USS Hartford from Oct. 19-25 FMAV on USS Miami (SSN 755) from Oct. 25- Nov. 4 FMAV on USS Hartford from Oct. 25- Nov. 16 FMAV on USS Hampton from Nov. 3-14 Underway for routine training on Dec. 1.

December 5, AS 39 pulled into Augusta Bay, Sicily, for a three-day port call. Returned home on Dec. 10. FMAV on USS Memphis from Dec. 19-26 FMAV on USS Philadelphia from Dec. 28- Jan. ?, 2004 Underway for routine training from Jan. 16-21 Underway again on Jan. 29 Port visit to Cartagena, Spain, from Feb. 2-6 Returned home on Feb. 10 Underway again on Feb. 16.

February 18, USS Emory S. Land arrived in Gaeta, Italy, for a two-week port visit to provide tender support services to USS La Salle (AGF 3). Returned home on March 6 Underway again on March 18.

March 23, The Emory S. Land pulled into Souda Bay, Crete, for a five-day port call to provide tender support services to USS Cole (DDG 67). Returned home on April 5 Underway again on June 28.

July 3, The submarine tender arrived in Naval Station Rota, Spain, for a five-day in-port phase of exercise Majestic Eagle 2004. Inport Rota again from July 16-17 Returned home on July 21.

28. juli, Capt. Michael D. Budney relieved Capt. David M. Volonino as the 15th CO of Emory S. Land.

From August 19-23, the submarine tender was underway for local operations.

October 1, USS Emory S. Land commenced a three-month Phased Maintenance Availability (PMA). Underway for sea trials from Dec. 20-21 Underway again on Jan. 15.

January 19, 2005 The Emory S. Land pulled into Rota, Spain, for a six-day port call to repair some of the small boats that belong to Naval Station Rota&rsquos Port Operations Department and for FMAV on USS Newport News, before continuing its mission to the Gulf of Guinea to support the navies of West Africa and build relationships with those countries. The Gulf of Guinea deployment is similar in nature to the regularly-scheduled West African training cruises (WATC), conducted since 1978.

February 6, AS 39 anchored off the coats of Douala, Cameroon, for a three-day port visit.

February 15, USS Emory S. Land pulled into Port Gentil, Gabon, for a three-day port call. Anchored off Libreville, Gabon, from Feb. 18-21 Anchored off Sekondi, Ghana, from Feb. 25- March 2.

March 11, The Emory S. Land arrived in Naval Station Rota for a 10-day port call and for FMAV on USS Norfolk (SSN 714).

March 24, USS Emory S. Land returned to La Maddalena, Italy, after a 68-day underway period.

From April 7-12, the submarine tender conducted FMAV on USS Scranton (SSN 756). Underway for routine training from June 1-14 Inport Augusta Bay from June 3-7 and 10-12th FMAV on USS San Juan from June 16-23 FMAV on USS Philadelphia from June 29- July 4 FMAV on USS Augusta from July 1-13 Underway from Aug. 4-25 Inport Augusta Bay from Aug. 11-18 for FMAV on USS Grasp (ARS 51) FMAV on USS Mahan (DDG 72) from Aug. 27- Sept. 2 FMAV on USS Scranton from Sept. 6-9 FMAV on USS Hawes (FFG 53) from Sept. 13-20 FMAV on USS Annapolis (SSN 760) from Sept. 22-27 FMAV on USS Mahan (DDG 72) from Oct. 17-19 FMAV on USS Philadelphia from Oct. 22-28 FMAV on USS Norfolk from Nov. 21-28.

From December 10-17, the Emory S. Land was underway for a port visit to Gaeta to provide tender support services to USS La Salle.

February 28, 2006 USS Emory S. Land, with embarked Naval Mobile Construction Battalion (NMCB) 7, recently arrived in the Gulf of Guinea to participate in numerous bilateral maritime safety and security training opportunities as part of a larger U.S. interagency effort towards greater stability in Africa.

March 10, The Emory S. Land recently anchored off the coast of Sao Tome, Sao Tome and Principe for its first port visit.

March 15, The Emory S. Land recently pulled into Port Gentil, Gabon, for a scheduled port visit.

March 22, The submarine tender recenly arrived in Pointe-Noire, Congo, for a scheduled port visit.

March 30, USS Emory S. Land arrived in Luanda, Angola, for a five-day port visit.

April 19, The Emory S. Land recently anchored off Sekondi, Ghana, for a scheduled port visit.

April 28, AS 39 departed Dakar, Senegal, after a two-day port call for refuel. Returned home in May.

June 10, Capt. Jeffrey M. Hughes relieved Capt. Michael D. Budney as commanding officer of the Land.

May 25, 2007 USS Emory S. Land departed Tivat, Montenegro, after a week-long port visit. She is the third U.S. Navy ship to visit Montenegro since the United States began diplomatic relations with the country in August 2006. Returned to La Maddalena on May 30.

September 29, USS Emory S. Land departed La Maddalena for the final time, for a homeport change to Bremerton, Wash. Departed Naval Station Norfolk on Oct. 26.

29. november, USS Emory S. Land arrived at its new homeport of Naval Base Kitsap-Bremerton. While here, the ship will convert to a hybrid crew of Navy sailors and Military Sealift Command mariners and its total crew size will be trimmed to 450. The military component will include 151 Sailors that are currently part of the ship's on-board repair department.

1. februar 2008 USS Emory S. Land was officially transfered to Military Sealift Command. Instead of having a USNS designation and being commanded by a civilian master, Land will operate as a commissioned ship with a U.S. Navy captain in charge of the hybrid crew. The 6th Fleet command ship USS Mount Whitney (LCC/JCC 20), which transferred to MSC in 2004, is the only other MSC ship that retains its commissioned status and operates with a similar leadership and crewing configuration. AS 39 is currently awaiting entry into nearby Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (PSNS) in June, where the ship will undergo a 10-month equipment overhaul and maintenance.

25. juli, Capt. Edward B. Seal relieved Capt. Jeffrey M. Hughes as CO of AS 39.

June 14, 2010 USS Emory S. Land departed Bremerton for a homeport change to Indian Ocean island of Diego Garcia. Near the end of the ship's availability, the submarine tender completed repairs to several propulsion train elements during a dry-dock period in Cascade General Shipyard in Portland, Ore. Following completion of sea trials, the ship hosted over 100 family members and guests for a Family Day Cruise during its short transit from Naval Magazine Indian Island, Wash., to Bremerton.

June 22, The Emory S. Land arrived in Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, where the ship will undergo two major inspections Anti-Terrorism/Force Protection certification inspection and Ship Material Assessment and Readiness Testing (SMART).

July 14, The submarine tender pulled into Apra Harbor, Guam, for a nine-day port call.

14. august, USS Emory S. Land arrived in its new homeport of Navy Support Facility Diego Garcia, British Indian Ocean Teritory after a two-month transit from Bremerton, Wash.

February 26, 2011 The Emory S. Land arrived in Manama, Bahrain, to provide service to USS La Jolla (SSN 701) and USS Hampton (SSN 767), as part of a deployment to U.S. 5th Fleet Area of Responsibility.

April 22, AS 39 pulled into Goa, India, to provide tended support services to USS La Jolla.

June 21, USS Emory S. Land pulled into Manama, Bahrain, to provide tended support services to USS Bremerton (SSN 698).

July 15, Rear Adm. Phillip G. Sawyer, commander of Submarine Group 7 and Task Force 74/54, relieved CO Capt. Eric G. Merrill for a "loss of confidence in his ability to command", after the Emory S. Land struck a channel buoy while heading into Mina Salman port in Bahrain on June 21. No sailors were injured in the incident, but the sub tender has been in Bahrain, where it is currently making preparations for repairs. Capt. Thomas P. Stanley assumed temporary command of the ship.

October 11, USS Emory S. Land pulled into Sepanggar naval base for a goodwill visit to Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, and to provide tended support services to USS Columbia (SSN 771). The ship is currently en route to the Marianas Island of Guam for an extended deployment.

October 25, The submarine tender recently pulled into Subic Bay, Republic of the Philippines.

28. oktober, Capt. Paul E. Savage relieved Capt. Thomas P. Stanley as CO of the AS 39 during a change-of-command ceremony on board the ship at Subic Bay.

November 21, USS Emory S. Land arrived at Naval Base Guam to temporarily assume the responsibilities as Guam's main submarine repair facility during the Frank Cable's scheduled overhaul in Portland, Ore.

April 1, 2012 The Emory S. Land moored at Sepanggar Naval Base for a scheduled port visit to Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, and to provide tender support services to USS Lousville (SSN 724).

July 27, AS 39 recently pulled into Laem Chabang, Thailand, for a scheduled port visit to Pattaya and to provide tender support services to USS Buffalo (SSN 715).

October 15, USS Emory S. Land moored at Alava Pier in Subic Bay, Republic of the Philippines, for an extended port visit to provide tender support services to BRP Gregorio Del Pilar (PF 15).

22. oktober, Capt. Glenn W. Pendrick relieved Capt. Paul E. Savage as CO of the Emory S. Land during a change-of-command ceremony on board the ship at Subic Bay.

November 28, The submarine tender recently moored at Berth 6, Changi Naval Base in Singapore for a scheduled port visit.

December 12, USS Emory S. Land pulled again into Subic Bay for a four-day port call.

January 23, 2013 AS 39 pulled into Khalifa Bin Salman Port in Hidd, Bahrain, for a two-week port call to conduct Fleet Maintenance Availability (FMAV) on USS Jacksonville (SSN 699).

March 15, USS Emory S. Land moored at Alava Pier in Subic Bay, Philippines, for an extended port call FMAV on USS Ohio (SSGN 726) from March 22-2? Underway on May 5 or earlier Inport Fleet Activities Sasebo from May 9-20 FMAV on USS San Francisco (SSN 711) from May 15-20.

May 24, The Emory S. Land moored at Berth 9 in Fleet Activities Yokosuka, Japan, for an 11-day port call.

June 10, USS Emory S. Land pulled into Apra Harbor, Guam, for a Midterm Availability (MTA). Work to be performed will include the renewal of deck plates, plenum repair, fan room renewal, and other miscellaneous midterm overhaul items such as switchboard cleaning, SSTG maintenance work, and upgrade of the 30 ton crane.

August 21, The submarine tender pulled into Subic Bay, Philippines, for a six-week port call FMAV on USS Hampton (SSN 767) from Sept. 6-9 Inport Sasebo, Japan, from Oct. 1-6 Returned to Guam on Oct. 1?.

1. november, Capt. Edward L. Herrington relieved Capt. Glenn W. Pendrick as CO of AS 39 during a change-of-command ceremony on board the ship at Naval Base Guam.

November 14, USS Emory S. Land recently arrived on station off Philippines to provide humanitarian assistance and disaster support, in the wake of a deadly Super Typhoon Haiyan, in support of Operation Damayan.

November 27, AS 39 moored at Changi Naval Base in Singapore for a routine port call.

December 11, USS Emory S. Land returned to Diego Garcia after forward-deployed to Subic Bay and Guam for nearly three years FMAV on USS Georgia (SSGN 729) from Dec. 13-1?.

February 24, 2014 The Emory S. Land recently moored at Mina Salman Port in Manama, Bahrain, to provide tender support services.

April 17, USS Emory S. Land moored at Berth 2, Sembawang Terminal in Singapore for a routine port call. The submarine tender recently departed homeport en route to Portland, Ore.

April 23, USS Emory S. Land recently anchored off Sattahip, Thailand, to provide tender support services Underway on April 30.

May 5, The Emory S. Land recently moored at Alava Pier in Subic Bay, Philippines FMAV on USS Chicago (SSN 721) from May 9-1?.

May 15, USS Emory S. Land moored at Changi Naval Base in Singapore for a routine port call. Inport Subic Bay again to provide tender support services on May 2? FMAV on USS Greeneville (SSN 772)? in late June Underway again on July ? Moored at Berth 9 in Fleet Activities Yokosuka, Japan, on July 14.

July 16, Vigor Industrial, LLC was awarded a $17 million contract (N32205-14-C-5005) for the USS Emory S. Land's DPMA. Work will include No. 1 and No. 2 boiler inspection, propulsion shaft removal and inspection, underwater hull preservation, structural plenums refurbishment, domestic reefer upgrade, installation of permanent ballast and stability test and is expected to be completed by February 2015.

July 24, The Emory S. Land moved from Berth 9 to Berth 12 on Naval Base Yokosuka Underway on Aug. 6 Moored at Romeo Wharf in Apra Harbor, Guam, from Aug. 11-2?.

September 2, The Emory S. Land moored at Berth B3 in Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Hawaii, for a three-week port call.

17. september, Capt. Robert J. Clarke relieved Capt. Edward L. Herrington as the 23rd CO of Emory S. Land during a change-of-command ceremony on board the ship at Pearl Harbor.

October 1, USS Emory S. Land arrived at Vigor Marine shipyard in Portland, Ore., for a four-month Drydocking Phased Maintenance Availability (DPMA) Departed Portland on Feb. 1, 2015.

February 13, The Emory S. Land moored at Berth H2 in Pearl Harbor for a three-week port call.

February 23, The submarine tender recently moored at Naval Magazine Lualualei, West Loch, for ammo onload Moored at Uniform Wharf in Apra Harbor, Guam, on March 18 Underway on April 28 or earlier Transited the Strait of Singapore westbound on May 7.

May 1?, USS Emory S. Land anchored in Makham Bay off Phuket, Thailand, for a liberty port visit FMAV on USS Key West (SSN 722) from May 14-17 Transited the Strait of Singapore eastbound on May 19.

May 23, AS 39 moored at Sepanggar Naval Base for a nine-day port visit to Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, and to provide tender support services to USS Jacksonville (SSN 699).

July 17, USS Emory S. Land departed Subic Bay, Philippines, after a six-week port call for upkeep and Ship's Material Assessment and Readiness Testing (SMART) inspection Returned to Guam on July 22.

7. august, Capt. Mark A. Prokopius relieved Capt. Robert J. Clarke as CO of the Emory S. Land during a change-of-command ceremony on board the ship at Sierra 3 Wharf.

September 16, The Emory S. Land completed a week-long Fleet Maintenance Activity Assessment (FMAA) Conducted FMAV on USS City of Corpus Christi (SSN 705) from Sept. 24-2? FMAV on USS Santa Fe (SSN 763) in mid-October.

6. november, USS Emory S. Land recently departed Apra Harbor for a western Pacific patrol.

November 12, The Emory S. Land moored at Sepanggar Naval Base, Malaysia, for a 10-day port call to provide tender support services FMAV on USS Ohio (SSGN 726) from Nov. 14-18 Transited the Mindoro Strait northbound on Nov. 26.

November 27, USS Emory S. Land moored at Alava Pier in Subic Bay, Republic of the Philippines, for a four-week port call FMAV on USS Cheyenne (SSN 773) from Nov. 28- Dec. ? FMAV on USS Tucson (SSN 770) from Dec. 6-9.

December 23, U.S. Navy announced today that the Emory S. Land will permanently change its homeport to Apra Harbor, Guam Transited the Strait of Malacca northbound from Dec. 30-31.

January 6, 2016 USS Emory S. Land moored at Bravo Wharf, Navy Support Facility Diego Garcia FMAV on USS Florida (SSGN 728) from Jan. 7-2? Departed Diego Garcia on Feb. 4 Transited the Strait of Malacca southbound from Feb. 10-11.

February 11, The Emory S. Land moored at Berth 5, Changi Naval Base in Singapore for a six-day port call Moored at Alava Pier in Subic Bay for tender support services from Feb. 22-29.

March 11, AS 39 moored at Berth 7, India Basin in Fleet Activities Sasebo, Japan, for a 25-day port call to provide tender support services Returned to Guam on 11. april.

21. oktober, Capt. Douglas A. Bradley relieved Capt. Mark A. Prokopius as the 25th CO of Emory S. Land during a change-of-command ceremony on board the ship at Alpha Wharf on Naval Base Guam.

March 8, 2018 USS Emory S. Land moored at Bravo Wharf on Naval Base Guam after a week-long underway for sea trials.

April 4, USS Emory S. Land departed Apra Harbor for a routine western Pacific patrol.

April 10, The Emory S. Land moored at Berth 1, Juliet Basin Wharf on Fleet Activities Sasebo, Japan, for a 10-day port call to provide tender support services Returned home on April 25.

April 27, Mare Island Dry Dock LLC was awarded a $16 million contract for the USS Emory S. Land's mid-term availability. Work will be performed in Vallejo, Calif., and is expected to be completed by September.

May 7, USS Emory S. Land departed Naval Base Guam en route to Vallejo, California Moored at Pier H3/H4 in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, from May 17-24 Moored at Berth 12, Mare Island shipyard on May 31 Underway on Sept. 7 Moored at Pier H4 in Pearl Harbor, for a nine-day port call, on Sept. 14 Moved to Pier H3 on Sept. 19.

21. september, Capt. Michael D. Luckett relieved Capt. Douglas A. Bradley as CO of the Emory S. Land during a change-of-command ceremony on board the ship.

October 5, The Emory S. Land returned to Apra Harbor, Guam, following a three-month availability Emergency sortied due to Super Typhoon Yutu from Oct. 24-26.

November 8, USS Emory S. Land departed Apra Harbor for a western Pacific patrol.

November 15, The Emory S. Land participated in a photo exercise (PHOTOEX) with the USNS Fall River (EPF 4), KDB Darulaman (OPV 08) and KDB Berkat (ISV 18), while underway off the coast of Muara, Brunei, as part of Cooperation Afloat Readiness and Training (CARAT) exercise Moored at Conventional Terminal in Port of Muara from Nov. 16-17.

November 23, USS Emory S. Land anchored 1 n.m. off the coast of Kota, Kinabalu, Malaysia, for a scheduled port visit FMAV on USS Greeneville (SSN 772) from Nov. 26-30 Underway on Dec. 3 Anchored off the coast of Puerto Princesa, Philippines, on Dec. 5 FMAV on USS Greeneville from Dec. 9-12 Departed Palawan on Dec. 14.

December 18, AS 39 moored at Berth 4, RSS Singapura (The ex-Changi Naval Base) in Singapore for a nine-day port call Transited the Surigao Strait northbound on Jan. 2.

January 7, 2019 USS Emory S. Land moored at Berth 5, Victor Wharf on Naval Base Guam following a two-month patrol.

February 26, The Emory S. Land returned to homeport after a four-day underway for routine training Moved to Berth 3, Sierra Wharf on March ? Underway again from May 21-23 Moved to Alpha Wharf on June 21.

19. august, USS Emory S. Land departed Apra Harbor for a scheduled Indo-Pacific patrol.

August 25, The Emory S. Land transited southbound, on early Monday, off the east coast of Timor-Leste Moored at East Arm Wharf in Darwin, Australia, from Aug. 27- Sept. 4.

September 11, USS Emory S. Land moored at HMAS Stirling on Garden Island, Western Australia, for a 10-day port visit to Perth Transited the Sunda Strait northbound on Sept. 28.?

September 30, USS Emory S. Land moored at Berth 2, Sembawang Terminal in Singapore for a six-day port call Transited the Singapore Strait westbound on Oct. 6 Transited the Malacca Strait northbound on Oct. 7.

October 14, USS Emory S. Land moored in Port of Visakhapatnam, India, for a day-and-a-half visit Anchored approximately 2 miles off the coast of Ao Makham Deep Sea Port in Phuket, Thailand, from Oct. 19-23 Transited the Malacca Strait southbound from Oct. 25-26.

October 26, The submarine tender moored at Berth 2, Sembawang Terminal in Singapore for an eight-day port call Anchored off Puerto Princesa, Palawan, on Nov. ? Transited the Mindoro Strait northbound on Nov. 16 Moored at Rivera Wharf East in Subic Bay, Philippines, from Nov. 18- Dec. 1 Transited the Surigao Strait northbound on Dec. 4 Anchored off Ulithi Atoll for a brief stop on Dec. 7.

9. december, USS Emory S. Land moored at Bravo Wharf on Naval Base Guam following a 16-week patrol.

January 10, 2020 The Emory S. Land moored at Bravo Wharf after underway for a Friends and Family Day Cruise Underway again on Jan. 17.

January 22, USS Emory S. Land moored at Navy Yard in Kure, Hiroshima Prefecture, for a six-day port visit Moored at Berth 9 on Fleet Activities Yokosuka from Jan. 30- Feb. 3.

February 7, AS 39 moored at New Ammo Pier on Chinhae Naval Base, Republic of Korea, for an 11-day port call Moored at Berth 3, Juliet Basin Wharf in Fleet Activities Sasebo from Feb. 19- March 7 Moored at Romeo Wharf in Apra Harbor from March 28- April 3.

16. april, USS Emory S. Land moored at Bravo Wharf on Naval Base Guam following a three-month patrol.

May 9, The Emory S. Land moored at Berth 2, Romeo Wharf after a 16-day underway in the Guam Op. Area.

May 15, Mare Island Dry Dock LLC was awarded a $33,5 million contract for the USS Emory S. Land's Drydocking Selected Restricted Availability (DSRA). Work will be performed in Vallejo, Calif., and is expected to be completed by January 2021.

June 10, The Emory S. Land moved from Romeo Wharf to Uniform Wharf on Naval Base Guam Moved to Bravo Wharf on June 30 Underway again on July 7 Brief stop at Wharf W1, Naval Magazine Lualualei in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, to offload ammo before moored at Wharf B3 on July 20 Emergency sortied due to Hurricane Douglas on July 24 Moored at Wharf B3 again on July 28 Departed Pearl Harbor on Aug. 7.

August 16, USS Emory S. Land moored at Berth 12 on Mare Island Dry Dock shipyard in Vallejo, Calif., for a scheduled availability Entered the Dry Dock #2 on Aug. 28.

March 2?, 2021 The Emory S. Land undocked and moored pierside on Mare Island Dry Dock shipyard Underway for sea trials, in the SOCAL Op. Area, on April 7 Moored at Mike Pier North on Naval Submarine Base Point Loma from April 11- May 3 Moored at Berth 2, Romeo Wharf in Naval Base Guam on May 20.

25. maj, Capt. Andrew H. Ring relieved Capt. Michael D. Luckett as CO of the Emory S. Land during a change-of-command ceremony on board the ship.


Why Germany's New Super Stealth Submarines Could Take on Any Navy

The German Navy was a pioneer in large-scale submarine warfare, its U-boats able to contest the United Kingdom’s superior navy in ways that German surface warships could not. While modern-day Germany no longer has the ocean-spanning naval ambitions of its predecessors, it has become a global leader in designing small, stealthy submarines that can effectively patrol littoral waters at a fraction of the cost of nuclear-powered submarines. The secret sauce in the new generation of German submarines is the use of hydrogen fuel cells for power, which allows submarines to operate nearly silently for weeks at a time without using expensive nuclear reactors.

During World War I and II, submarines were at their most vulnerable when their noisy, air-breathing diesel engines forced them surface to recharge batteries, exposing the boats to detection and attack. Det Kriesgmarine built several experimental Type XVIIB submarines with an Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) system, using hydrogen peroxide fuel that theoretically enabled extended underwater endurance. In practice, the boats were considered dangerously unsafe and unreliable. Although the United Kingdom, Soviet Union and United States all experimented with AIP submarines after the war, development was abandoned in favor of higher-performing nuclear-powered submarines.

It was left to Sweden, in 1997, to deploy the first operational submarine using an AIP system, the stealthy Gotland-class boats that employed a heat-converting Stirling engine. German submarine developers were close on their heels with the Type 212 in 2002, which uses hydrogen fuel cells. Though more expensive and complicated to refuel compared to the Stirling, the German PEM hydrogen fuel cells benefit from greater power output (and thus higher speed), have no major moving parts that betray acoustic stealth, and do not impose limits on diving depth.

The modern German Navy has two principal missions: participating in expeditionary operations, such as combatting piracy or supporting peacekeeping operations, and sea control of the Baltic Sea—which has grown in importance, given recent tensions with Russia. To operate in this maritime theater characterized by shallow, cold waters averaging around fifty meters in depth, the German Navy has a flotilla of six Type 212A submarines, numbered U-31 igennem U-36. The small vessels are only fifty-seven meters long and are manned by crews of just twenty-seven each—including both men and, as of 2014, women.

The Type 212’s double hull displaces 1,800 tons submerged, and is made of nonmagnetic materials so that it is not susceptible to detection by magnetic anomaly detectors. The softer metal limits the operational depth to just two hundred meters, but this is not a major limitation in shallow Baltic waters. The Type 212’s fuel cells, with hydrogen fuel stored in between the outer and inner pressure hulls, allow it to sail underwater for three weeks before surfacing. Reportedly, a Type 212A set an underwater endurance record for conventionally powered submarines in 2013 by transiting eighteen days submerged without use of its snorkel. While the Type 212 can achieve underwater speeds of up to twenty-three miles per hour, its sustainable cruising speed is closer to nine miles per hour while using just the AIP system.

The Type 212A is intended as a stealthy reconnaissance boat and ship hunter, which is why its armament was initially confined to torpedoes. Its six tubes can fire off up to thirteen 533 millimeter DM2A4 Seahake torpedoes connected to the submarine by a fiber optic cable, allowing the crew to guide the weapon to a target up to fifty kilometers away. The torpedo’s wide-aspect conformal sonar also allows it to send sensor data back to the launch vessel. A Norwegian combat management system is intended to integrate data from the Type 212’s various sensors, which include both a towed passive sonar array deployed from the sail and a hull-mounted flank array.

Recently, the German Navy has started installing the capability to fire IDAS fiber-optic missiles while submerged from four-cell magazines in the torpedo tubes. Based on the IRIS-T air-to-air missile, IDAS would be used primarily to shoot down hostile aircraft, but can also attack ground targets and medium-sized or small surface ships up to twenty kilometers away.

The Type 212’s ability to operate in waters as shallow as seventeen meters deep, enabled in part by its X-shaped rudder, makes it ideal for creeping close to the coast to deploy Germany’s elite naval commandos, known as Kampfschwimmers. Reportedly, the German Navy is working on installing a retractable thirty-millimeter Moray autocannon to provide fire support for special forces, which would seem like a throwback to the days of deck-mounted guns. In a modern twist, however, the cannon’s retractable mast will also supposedly be able to deploy three Aladin reconnaissance drones.

Berlin announced recently that it will build two more Type 212As over the next decade, and Poland has shown interest in leasing two of the German boats. The small subs supposedly cost around 371 million euros ($394 million) each, which implies that the current German U-boat force cost less to build than a single one of the $2.8 million Virginia-class nuclear-powered attack submarines used by the U.S. Navy. (To be fair, fluctuating exchange rates complicate the price comparison.) The Italian Navy, meanwhile, fields four Type 212s, designated the Todaro class, the last of which completed construction in 2015. Rome intends to build an additional two.

Shipyards across the world have also license-produced more than a dozen German Type 214 export submarines, fuel-cell-powered successors to the popular Type 209 submarine, one of which saw action in the Falkland War under the Argentine flag. The sixty-five-meter-long Type 214 lacks the 212’s nonmagnetic hull, and some sources maintain its systems are downgraded. However, the export submarine has longer range and a greater diving depth of four hundred meters, to accommodate waters beyond the Baltic, and its eight torpedo tubes are capable of launching Harpoon antiship missiles while submerged.

The Greek Navy operates four Type 214 Papanikolis-class boats with a special hoistable Low Probability of Intercept radar. However, the Greek boats initially suffered from significant teething problems. Portugal operates two Tridente-class boats launched in 2010, and Turkey is in the process of building six Type 214 vessels at its Gölcük shipyards, though the program has suffered some delays. These will have Turkish electronics, and be armed with American Mark 48 torpedoes, IDAS missiles and possibly Gezgin-D land-attack cruise missiles.

South Korea currently operates six Type 214s designated the Son Won-il class, with a seventh recently launched and two more under construction. The Son Won-ils boast customized sensor packages, and the most recent boat, the Hong Beom-do, has reportedly been modified to launch ground-attack cruise missiles. The South Korean Navy also intends to refit its older Type 209 Chang Bogo-class boats with AIP fuel cell propulsion. Similarly, the Israeli Navy is already operating three AIP-equipped Dolphin 2 submarines built by Germany, and looks set to acquire another three.

German shipbuilders have recently offered larger, longer-range versions of the 212/214 submarines, the Type 216 and 218. The Type 216 was intended for sale to the Royal Australian Navy, but was passed over in favor of the French Shortfin Barracuda. However, two Type 218SGs are under construction for Singapore, and will be completed in 2020. Details are sketchy, but the seventy-meter-long “ocean-going” submarines will retain a small crew of twenty-eight and an X-shaped rudder. They are believed to have Horizontal Multi-Purpose Locks, which can be used to launch either torpedoes or divers, and also cruise-missile launch capabilities.

Admittedly, all of the small German submarines may seem to have unimpressive speed, endurance and weapons loads, compared to larger nuclear-powered American and Russians submarines, which can sustain well over twenty-five miles per hour submerged for three months while carrying dozens of weapons.

However, the fuel-cell boats are at least as stealthy as their nuclear-powered cousins, if not more so, and each individual torpedo carried can be just as deadly. Considering that multiple boats like the Type 212 or 214 can be built for the price of a single nuclear attack submarine, the firepower advantage of the larger submarines is not so clear-cut. This explains why the German submarines have proven so popular with navies across Europe and Asia seeking to assert their control over littoral waters.

Sébastien Roblin har en kandidatgrad i konfliktløsning fra Georgetown University og fungerede som universitetsinstruktør for Peace Corps i Kina. Han har også arbejdet med uddannelse, redigering og genbosættelse af flygtninge i Frankrig og USA. He currently writes on security and military history for War Is Boring.


A Brief History of Site One:

In the autumn of 1959 the US Government presented the problem of providing forward servicing facilities for the first SSBN Squadron in the U.K. Studies were made of all the suitable places to base a refit facility and it was decided in July 1960 that Holy Loch should be the site. The Holy Loch was a Royal Navy Submarine base during World War II and the Firth of Clyde was one of the Royal Navy’s major submarine areas. Site One, as the base was known, was composed of three major commands, plus the Naval Support Activity.

Submarine Squadron 14, headquartered aboard the serving submarine tender, arrived in the Holy Loch on 3 March 1961, aboard the USS Proteus. The number of submarines being supported by the Squadron varied over the years, and the measure of that is that on 2 April 1987 the 2500th Ballistic Missile Deterrent Patrol was completed by USS Mariano G. Vallejo (SSBN 658).

The Submarine Tender USS Proteus (AS 19) arrived on 3 March 1961. Five days later the USS Patrick Henry (SSBN 599) arrived, and Proteus commenced the first Site One refit.

In January '63 the Proteus was relieved by the USS Hunley (AS 31).
In August '66 the Hunley was relieved by the USS Simon Lake (AS 33).
In May '70 the Simon Lake was relieved the USS Canopus (AS 34).
In November '75 Canopus was relieved by the USS Holland (AS 32).
In January '82 the Holland was relieved by Hunley, returning for a 2nd tour.
Finally, in June '87 the Hunley was relieved by the Simon Lake [for her 2nd tour] serving until March '92.

The Dry Dock, USS Los Alamos (AFDB 7), was towed to Scotland in '61, and assembled in six months. Over a 30 year span, Los Alamos completed over 2800 submarine docking operations.

With the reduction in European tension and the end of the Cold War it was announced on 6 February 1991 that the Holy Loch Base would close, and in March 1992 the last US Navy ship sailed out, thus ending thirty one years of American presence in the Dunoon area.

I first arrived at Site One in January of 1963 as part of the Gold crew of the USS Thomas A. Edison (SSBN 610). We were to relieve the Blue crew who had just successfully completed EDISON's 1st patrol.

I had the good fortune to return in Feb. '66 for assignments on the HUNLEY and the SIMON LAKE. My family accompanied me then, and on my subsequent assignment to the HOLLAND in July '79. We've also returned for personal visits in June '72, Dec '92, July '03, and Sept. '05.

It's a very special place, and I'm grateful for having had the opportunity to live there and meet so many wonderful people.


If you have any questions or comments - please contact me.


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Alle rettigheder forbeholdes.

Here's some Pub Paraphernalia that I picked up in Scotland and elsewhere. Skål!


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After years of use as a commercial wharf, the area on the East Channel that once was home to the San Pedro Submarine Base has become part of the Port of L.A.’s massive Altasea development project that project is a multimillion dollar marine research joint venture along the southern terminus of Signal Street that also includes Warehouse No. 1.

Sources: “The City of Los Angeles . . . An Inland City with the First Submarine Base on the Pacific Coast,” by Mark J. Denger, California Naval History website, Feb. 8, 2016 Daily Breeze files Los Angeles Herald Examiner files Los Angeles Times files Port of Los Angeles: An Illustrated History from 1850-1945, by Ernest Marquez and Veronique de Turenne, Los Angeles Board of Harbor Commissioners, 2007 San Pedro News Pilot files (including the San Pedro Daily News and San Pedro Daily Pilot) “Unterseeboot UB-88: Lost for 82 years, WWI German U-Boat found in San Pedro Bay, California,” by Brendan Coyle, Diver magazine, May 2005 Wikipedia.