10 ting, du måske ikke ved om Eiffeltårnet

10 ting, du måske ikke ved om Eiffeltårnet


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1. Eiffeltårnet var engang gult

I det fashionable Paris skal selv Eiffeltårnet følge med stiltrends. I løbet af årtierne har "Iron Lady" ændret sit udseende med anvendelse af et spektrum af malingfarver. Da det åbnede i 1889, havde Eiffeltårnet en rødbrun farve. Et årti senere blev det belagt med gul maling. Tårnet var også gulbrunt og kastanjebrunt før vedtagelsen af ​​strømmen, specielt blandet "Eiffeltårnbrunt" i 1968. Hvert syvende år påfører malere 60 tons maling på tårnet for at få hende til at se ung ud. Tårnet er malet i tre nuancer, gradvist lettere med elevation, for at forstærke strukturens silhuet mod lærredet på den parisiske himmel.

2. Det blev bygget for at fejre 100 -året for den franske revolution

Arrangører af Exposition Universelle 1889, der mindede 100-årsdagen for Bastillens fald og lanceringen af ​​den franske revolution, afholdt en åben konkurrence om at designe et spektakulært midtpunkt i deres verdens messe. Ud af 107 forslag valgte de det design, der blev indsendt af Eiffel sammen med arkitekten Stephen Sauvestre og ingeniørerne Maurice Koechlin og Emile Nouguier.

3. I fire årtier var det verdens højeste struktur

På 986 fod var Eiffeltårnet næsten dobbelt så højt som verdens tidligere højeste struktur-555 fod Washington Monument-da det åbnede i 1889. Det ville ikke blive overgået før færdiggørelsen af ​​den 1.046 fod lange Chrysler Building i New York i 1930. Selvom Eiffeltårnet formørkede Chrysler -bygningen i højden med tilføjelse af en antenne i 1957, skød det stadig bag en anden Gotham -skyskraber, Empire State Building.

4. Eiffeltårnet var engang verdens største billboard

Da skumringen faldt over Paris mellem 1925 og 1936, lysede en kvart million farvede løg fast på tre sider af tårnets tårn for at stave de 100 fod lodrette bogstaver fra det franske bilfirma Citroën. Annoncen flammede så kraftigt, at den var synlig fra næsten 20 miles væk, og Charles Lindbergh brugte den som et fyrtårn, da han landede i Paris på sin solo transatlantiske flyvning i 1927.

5. Gustave Eiffel designede en del af et andet berømt vartegn

Da den første designer af Frihedsgudindens indre elementer pludselig døde i 1879, hyrede den franske billedhugger Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi Eiffel som sin erstatning. Eiffel, der allerede var kendt som bygningsingeniør og jernbanebrodesigner, designede skeletstøttesystemet, som statuens kobberhud er fastgjort til. (I dag står en skalamodel af Frihedsgudinden på en ø i floden Seine i skyggen af ​​Eiffeltårnet.)

6. Parisiske kunstnere begærede mod den "uhyrlige" struktur

Selvom det nu er et verdensomspændende symbol på romantik, inspirerede Eiffeltårnets radikale design alt andet end kærlighed i hjertet på 300 fremtrædende parisiske kunstnere og intellektuelle, der underskrev følgende manifest, der løb i avisen Le Temps på Valentinsdag i 1887: “Vi, forfattere, malere, billedhuggere, arkitekter, lidenskabelige elskere af Paris 'skønhed, indtil nu intakt, protesterer hermed med al vores magt, med al vores forargelse, i navnet på fransk smag, der ikke er anerkendt, i navnet på fransk kunst og historie truet mod konstruktionen, i hjertet af vores hovedstad, i det ubrugelige og uhyrlige Eiffeltårn. ” Strygejernet sagde endda, at den "gigantiske sorte fabriksskorsten" var så foragtet, at "selv kommercielt sindet Amerika ikke vil" det.

7. Radio reddede Eiffeltårnet fra ødelæggelse

Da Eiffel stod for 80 procent af tårnets byggeomkostninger, fik han lov til at lade strukturen stå i 20 år for at inddrive sin investering, før den gik i hænderne på den parisiske regering, som planlagde at adskille den til metalskrot. I søgen efter en måde at bevise strukturens strategiske nytte i et forsøg på at redde det, rejste Eiffel en antenne oven på tårnet og finansierede eksperimenter med trådløs telegrafi, der begyndte i 1898. Tårnets værdi i at sende og modtage trådløse meddelelser, især for franskmændene militær, fik byen til at forny Eiffels koncession, da den udløb i 1909. I dag har mere end 100 antenner på tårnstrålen radio- og tv -udsendelser rundt om i verden.

8. Eiffeltårnet bidrog til erobringen af ​​Mata Hari

Under første verdenskrig brugte det franske militær tårnets trådløse station til at opfange fjendtlige beskeder fra Berlin. I 1914 var franskmændene i stand til at organisere et modangreb under slaget ved Marne efter hemmeligt at vide, at den tyske hær stoppede dens fremrykning. Tre år senere opfangede stationen oven på Eiffeltårnet en kodet besked mellem Tyskland og Spanien, der gav detaljer om "Operativ H-21." Delvist baseret på denne besked arresterede, dømte og henrettede franskmændene den legendariske spion Mata Hari for at have spioneret på Tysklands vegne.

9. Tårnet husede et videnskabeligt laboratorium

Eiffel indgraverede navnene på 72 af landets forskere i tårnets galleri på første niveau, og oven på strukturen installerede han et laboratorium, der blev brugt af ham selv og franske forskere til at studere astronomi, meteorologi, aerodynamik og fysiologi og testforsøg som Foucaults pendel . I 1909 installerede Eiffel en aerodynamisk vindtunnel i bunden af ​​tårnet, der udførte tusinder af tests, herunder dem på Wright Brothers -fly og Porsche -biler.

10. Daredevils er døde, da de forsøgte luftfartsbedrifter ved tårnet

Eventyrere i årtier har brugt tårnet til at iscenesætte vovede stunts ved hjælp af alt fra faldskærme til bungee snore. Ikke alle spændingsøgende har trodset døden. I 1912 forsøgte den franske skrædder Franz Reichelt at flyve fra tårnets første sal med en fjederbelastet faldskærmsdragt, men styrtede i stedet 187 fod til jorden. Fjorten år senere blev flyver Leon Collot dræbt i forsøget på at flyve sit fly under tårnets spændvidde, da det blev viklet ind i antennen fra den trådløse station og styrtede ned i en flammebold.


At vide, hvordan du kender/Eiffeltårnets højde

Kan Eiffeltårnets højde kendes? Hvordan kan det bestemmes? Du kan muligvis slå højden op i en reference, f.eks. Wikipedia, eller søge efter andre kilder og finde disse svar:

En anden besøger måske tårnet og måler dets højde direkte ved at stige til toppen, tabe en snor til bunden og måle snorens længde. Endnu en person kan bruge forskellige opmålingsteknikker, der involverer en transit- eller triangulerings- eller lasermåleudstyr. Teknikker, der anvender GPS -enheder eller ændringer i barometertryk, kan give andre målinger. Historiske og nylige ingeniørtegninger og planer kunne konsulteres.

Hvis disse forskellige teknikker til måling af højden giver forskellige resultater, hvordan skal vi så fortolke disse uoverensstemmelser bedst? Måske er højden ikke til at kende, eller er det et spørgsmål om mening eller tro eller bare en følelse. Det er dog mere sandsynligt, at Eiffeltårnet har en højde, den faktiske højde kendes til grænserne for vores målenøjagtighed, og variationerne i de rapporterede højder afspejler fejl i de forskellige teknikker, der bruges til hver måling.

Princippet om samvittighed forsikrer os om, at tårnet har en højde, og at stadig mere præcise bestræbelser på at måle højden vil konvergere mod den faktiske højde. Konsistensprincippet er grundlaget for enhver sammenhængende teori om viden. Når to forskellige måder at måle den samme længde når frem til forskellige resultater, er der mulighed for at lære om måleteknikker ved at sammenligne målingerne og undersøge for at løse uoverensstemmelserne. Efterforskerne kan spørge: Var den samme definition af højde brugt i hvert tilfælde? Blev de samme måleenheder brugt? Var måleinstrumenterne nøjagtigt kalibreret? Var nøjagtigheden af ​​hver anvendt måleenhed kendt? Kunne højden have varieret som følge af termisk ekspansion, da temperaturen varierede hele dagen eller en anden dynamisk effekt?

Fakta giver fælles grundlag. Vi lever alle på den samme planet i det samme kendte univers. Virkeligheden giver os en universel referencestandard. Omhyggelig undersøgelse af vores verden, som den faktisk er er kan bringe os til enighed om, hvad der er sandt om vores verden. Dette delte viden om, hvordan vores verden er kan danne et væsentligt fælles grundlag for at diskutere hvad kunne være og endda hvad burde være. Virkeligheden er vores fælles grund. Vi kan udvikle os sammen ved at konvergere mod virkeligheden.

Som et resultat af konsilien samles pålidelige epistemologier - måder at vide - på faktuelle spørgsmål. Manglende konvergens sætter tvivl om pålideligheden af ​​de metoder, der bruges til at fastslå fakta. At forfølge sådanne uoverensstemmelser kan føre til vigtig indsigt i pålideligheden af ​​vores metoder. At gå med til at være uenig om faktiske spørgsmål er en beslutning om at acceptere selvtilfredshed og usammenhængenhed.

Eiffeltårnet har en højde. Samvittighedsfuld indsats for at bestemme, at højden vil resultere i en række stadig mere præcise skøn, der konvergerer mod den faktiske højde.

Når to mennesker er uenige om en saglig påstand, er det tid til at stoppe med at argumentere og begynde at undersøge. Diskuter ikke fakta, i stedet undersøge og undersøge dybere for at fastslå fakta. Forstå grænserne for tolerance. Toler ikke på, at fakta bliver karakteriseret som meninger, overbevisninger, følelser eller kulturelt relative. Fakta er stædig, lær af dem.


10 ting, du måske ikke ved om Eiffeltårnet

Den 31. marts 1889 nittede arbejderne det sidste af mere end 18.000 jernstykker på plads for at færdiggøre opførelsen af ​​Eiffeltårnet. For at indvie den storslåede metalliske struktur besteg Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel, tårnets designer, sine 1.710 trin og rullede et fransk tricolor-flag ud af toppen. Når Eiffeltårnet fylder 125 år, kan du udforske 10 overraskende fakta om det parisiske ikon.

1. Eiffeltårnet var engang gult.


I det fashionable Paris skal selv Eiffeltårnet følge med stiltrends. I løbet af årtierne har “ Iron Lady ” ændret sit udseende med anvendelse af et spektrum af malingfarver. Da det åbnede i 1889, havde Eiffeltårnet en rødbrun farve. Et årti senere blev det belagt med gul maling. Tårnet var også gulbrunt og kastanjebrunt før vedtagelsen af ​​strømmen, specielt blandet “Eiffel Tower Brown ” i 1968. Hvert syvende år påfører malere 60 tons maling på tårnet for at få hende til at se ung ud. Tårnet er malet i tre nuancer, gradvist lysere med elevation for at forstærke strukturens silhuet mod lærredet på den parisiske himmel.

2. Det blev bygget for at fejre 100 -året for den franske revolution.

Arrangører af Exposition Universelle 1889, der mindede 100-årsdagen for Bastillens fald og lanceringen af ​​den franske revolution, afholdt en åben konkurrence om at designe et spektakulært midtpunkt i deres verdens messe. Ud af 107 forslag valgte de det design, der blev indsendt af Eiffel sammen med arkitekten Stephen Sauvestre og ingeniørerne Maurice Koechlin og Emile Nouguier.

3. I fire årtier var det verdens højeste struktur.


På 986 fod var Eiffeltårnet næsten dobbelt så højt som verdens tidligere højeste struktur — Washington-monumentet på 555 fod —, da det åbnede i 1889. Det ville ikke blive overgået før færdiggørelsen af ​​1.046 fods Chrysler-bygningen i New York i 1930. Selvom Eiffeltårnet formørkede Chrysler -bygningen i højden med tilføjelse af en antenne i 1957, skød det stadig bag en anden Gotham -skyskraber, Empire State Building.

4. Eiffeltårnet var engang verdens største billboard.


Da skumringen faldt over Paris mellem 1925 og 1936, blev en kvart million farvede løg fastgjort til tre sider af tårnets tårn oplyst for at stave de 100 fod lodrette bogstaver fra det franske bilfirma Citroën. Annoncen flammede så kraftigt, at den var synlig fra næsten 20 miles væk, og Charles Lindbergh brugte den som et fyrtårn, da han landede i Paris på sin solo transatlantiske flyvning i 1927.

5. Eiffel designede en del af et andet berømt vartegn.


Da den første designer af Frihedsgudinden ’s indvendige elementer pludselig døde i 1879, hyrede den franske billedhugger Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi Eiffel som hans afløser. Eiffel, der allerede er kendt som bygningsingeniør og jernbanebrodesigner, designede skeletstøttesystemet, som statuens kobberhud er fastgjort til. (I dag står en skalamodel af Frihedsgudinden på en ø i floden Seine i skyggen af ​​Eiffeltårnet.)

6. Parisiske kunstnere begærede mod “ monstrøs ” strukturen.


Selvom det nu er et verdensomspændende symbol på romantik, inspirerede det radikale design af Eiffeltårnet alt andet end kærlighed i hjertet på 300 fremtrædende parisiske kunstnere og intellektuelle, der underskrev følgende manifest, der løb i avisen Le Temps på Valentinsdag i 1887: & #8220Vi, forfattere, malere, billedhuggere, arkitekter, lidenskabelige elskere af skønheden, indtil nu intakt, i Paris, protesterer hermed med al vores magt, med al vores forargelse, i navnet på fransk smag, der ikke er anerkendt, i navnet på fransk kunst og historie truet, mod konstruktionen, i hjertet af vores hovedstad, i det ubrugelige og uhyrlige Eiffeltårn. kommercielt sindede Amerika vil ikke ” det.

7. Radio reddede Eiffeltårnet fra ødelæggelse.


Da Eiffel stod for 80 procent af tårnets byggeomkostninger, fik han tilladelse til at få strukturen til at stå i 20 år for at inddrive sin investering, før den gik i hænderne på den parisiske regering, som planlagde at adskille den til skrot. På udkig efter en måde at bevise strukturens strategiske nytte i et forsøg på at redde det, rejste Eiffel en antenne oven på tårnet og finansierede eksperimenter med trådløs telegrafi, der begyndte i 1898. Tårnets værdi i at sende og modtage trådløse meddelelser, især for det franske militær, fik byen til at forny Eiffels indrømmelse, da den udløb i 1909. I dag har mere end 100 antenner på tårnstrålen radio- og tv -udsendelser rundt om i verden.

8. Eiffeltårnet bidrog til erobringen af ​​Mata Hari.


Under første verdenskrig brugte det franske militær tårnets trådløse station til at opfange fjendtlige beskeder fra Berlin. I 1914 var franskmændene i stand til at organisere et modangreb under slaget ved Marne efter hemmeligt at vide, at den tyske hær stoppede dens fremrykning. Tre år senere opfangede stationen oven på Eiffeltårnet en kodet besked mellem Tyskland og Spanien, der tilbød detaljer om “Operative H-21. ” Baseret delvist på denne meddelelse arresterede, dømte og henrettede franskmændene Mata Hari for at have spioneret på Tysklands vegne.

9. Tårnet husede et videnskabeligt laboratorium.


Eiffel indgraverede navnene på 72 af landets forskere i tårnets første niveau galleri, og oven på strukturen installerede han et laboratorium, der blev brugt af ham selv og franske forskere til at studere astronomi, meteorologi, aerodynamik og fysiologi og testeksperimenter såsom Foucault ’s Pendulum. I 1909 installerede Eiffel en aerodynamisk vindtunnel i bunden af ​​tårnet, der udførte tusinder af tests, herunder dem på Wright Brothers -fly og Porsche -biler.


12 ting, du ikke vidste om Eiffeltårnet

Der er en grund til, at dette berømte vartegn er synonymt med Paris: Det er højt, elegant og rigt på historie. Men du vil måske blive overrasket over at finde ud af, at nogle parisere ikke altid var så ivrige efter dette monument, fordi de troede, det hindrede byens skyline (nu vil de fleste hævde det gør det!). Her er flere sjove fakta om dette ikoniske tårn:

1. Det blev bygget i 1889 for at markere 100 -året for den franske revolution.

Og var en del af Paris Exposition (AKA verdensudstillingen). Mere end 100 kunstnere indsendte designs, men arkitektfirmaet Eiffel et Compagnie vandt.

2. Men ejeren (Gustave Eiffel) designede faktisk ikke tårnet.

Det var en af ​​hans konstruktionsingeniører, Maurice Koechlin, der kom med konceptet & mdash, selvom han ikke tydeligt ofte modtager kredit, hvor kredit skyldes. (Burde have låst disse navnerettigheder fast, kammerat.)

3. Flere hundrede arbejdere brugte to år på at samle gittertårnet.

Det endelige design krævede 18.000 stykker jernpøl og utrolige 2,5 millioner nitter. Det lyder ganske vist meget vanskeligere end det 3D-Eiffeltårnspuslespil, vi havde som børn.

4. Planen var at rive den ned efter 20 år.

Quelle horreur! Men ja, det skulle ikke være permanent. Men byens embedsmænd beholdt det, da det var en værdifuld radiotelegrafstation. Ikke fordi det var et smukt, ikonisk vartegn eller noget.

5. Det spillede en vigtig rolle i 1. verdenskrig.

Ved at opfange mange fjendtlige radiokommunikationer. Senere under anden verdenskrig blev det næsten revet ned, da Hitler beordrede det til at blive ødelagt, men den fungerende general nægtede at adlyde.

6. Det plejede at være den højeste bygning i verden.

I 41 år var den regerende mester på 1050 fod høj, men Chrysler -bygningen i New York City overgik den i 1930.

7. Der er mere end 40 kopier rundt om i verden.

Herunder en halvskala version i Las Vegas, Nevada og en fuld skala i Tokyo, Japan. Passende nok har den i Paris, Texas en cowboyhue ovenpå.

8. Det krymper, når det er koldt udenfor.

Cirka seks tommer i alt! Det svajer også to til tre centimeter i vinden.

9. Næsten 250 millioner mennesker har besøgt det siden åbningen.

Og cirka syv millioner om året, hvilket gør det til det mest besøgte monument i verden. Hver besøgende kan vælge mellem at tage de 1.665 trin til toppen eller bruge elevatoren.

10. Den får et nyt lag maling hvert syvende år.

Hvilket ikke er let: Det kræver 60 tons maling, 1.500 pensler og et team på 25 malere.

11. Der er en lejlighed på tredje sal.

Det blev oprindeligt skabt til Gustave Eiffel som private boliger til underholdning, men nu kan offentligheden se det, når de besøger.

12. Det tager 20.000 lyspærer at få tårnet til at gnistre hver nat.

Og det tager 43 teknikere at ændre dem (woof). Det forklarer, hvorfor pærerne kun skiftes til forskellige farver på meget specielle lejligheder.


Eiffeltårnet vender 125. Her er 10 ting, du ikke vidste om det

Den 31. marts 1889 nittede arbejderne det sidste af mere end 18.000 jernstykker på plads for at færdiggøre opførelsen af ​​Eiffeltårnet. For at indvie den storslåede metalliske struktur besteg Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel, tårnets designer, sine 1.710 trin og rullede et fransk tricolor-flag ud af toppen. Når Eiffeltårnet fylder 125 år, kan du udforske 10 overraskende fakta om det parisiske ikon.

1. Eiffeltårnet var engang gult.
I det fashionable Paris skal selv Eiffeltårnet følge med stiltrends. I løbet af årtierne har "Iron Lady" ændret sit udseende med anvendelse af et spektrum af malingfarver. Da det åbnede i 1889, havde Eiffeltårnet en rødbrun farve. Et årti senere blev det belagt med gul maling. Tårnet var også gulbrunt og kastanjebrunt før vedtagelsen af ​​strømmen, specielt blandet "Eiffeltårnbrunt" i 1968. Hvert syvende år påfører malere 60 tons maling på tårnet for at få hende til at se ung ud. Tårnet er malet i tre nuancer, gradvist lettere med elevation, for at forstærke strukturens silhuet mod lærredet på den parisiske himmel.

2. Det blev bygget for at fejre 100 -året for den franske revolution.
Arrangører af Exposition Universelle 1889, der mindede 100-årsdagen for Bastillens fald og lanceringen af ​​den franske revolution, afholdt en åben konkurrence om at designe et spektakulært midtpunkt i deres verdens messe. Ud af 107 forslag valgte de det design, der blev indsendt af Eiffel sammen med arkitekten Stephen Sauvestre og ingeniørerne Maurice Koechlin og Emile Nouguier.

3. I fire årtier var det verdens højeste struktur.
På 986 fod var Eiffeltårnet næsten det dobbelte af højden af ​​verdens tidligere højeste struktur-555 fod Washington Monument-da det åbnede i 1889. Det ville ikke blive overgået før færdiggørelsen af ​​den 1.046 fod lange Chrysler Building i New York i 1930. Selvom Eiffeltårnet formørkede Chrysler -bygningen i højden med tilføjelse af en antenne i 1957, skød det stadig bag en anden Gotham -skyskraber, Empire State Building.

4. Eiffeltårnet var engang verdens største billboard.
Da skumringen faldt over Paris mellem 1925 og 1936, lysede en kvart million farvede løg fast på tre sider af tårnets tårn for at stave de 100 fod lodrette bogstaver fra det franske bilfirma Citroën. Annoncen flammede så stærkt, at den var synlig fra næsten 20 miles væk, og Charles Lindbergh brugte den som et fyrtårn, da han landede i Paris på sin solo transatlantiske flyvning i 1927.

5. Eiffel designede en del af et andet berømt vartegn.
Da den første designer af Frihedsgudindens indre elementer pludselig døde i 1879, hyrede den franske billedhugger Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi Eiffel som hans afløser. Eiffel, der allerede var kendt som bygningsingeniør og jernbanebrodesigner, designede skeletstøttesystemet, som statuens kobberhud er fastgjort til. (I dag står en skalamodel af Frihedsgudinden på en ø i floden Seine i skyggen af ​​Eiffeltårnet.)

6. Parisiske kunstnere begærede mod den "uhyrlige" struktur.
Selvom det nu er et verdensomspændende symbol på romantik, inspirerede Eiffeltårnets radikale design alt andet end kærlighed i hjertet på 300 fremtrædende parisiske kunstnere og intellektuelle, der underskrev følgende manifest, der kørte i avisen Le Temps på Valentinsdag i 1887: “Vi, forfattere, malere, billedhuggere, arkitekter, lidenskabelige elskere af Paris 'skønhed, indtil nu intakt, protesterer hermed med al vores magt, med al vores forargelse, i navnet på fransk smag, der ikke er anerkendt, i navnet på fransk kunst og historie truet mod konstruktionen, i hjertet af vores hovedstad, i det ubrugelige og uhyrlige Eiffeltårn. ” Strygejernet sagde endda, at den "gigantiske sorte fabriksskorsten" var så foragtet, at "selv kommercielt sindet Amerika ikke vil" det.

7. Radio reddede Eiffeltårnet fra ødelæggelse.
Da Eiffel stod for 80 procent af tårnets byggeomkostninger, fik han lov til at lade strukturen stå i 20 år for at inddrive sin investering, før den gik i hænderne på den parisiske regering, som planlagde at adskille den til metalskrot. I søgen efter en måde at bevise strukturens strategiske nytte i et forsøg på at redde det, rejste Eiffel en antenne oven på tårnet og finansierede eksperimenter med trådløs telegrafi, der begyndte i 1898. Tårnets værdi i at sende og modtage trådløse meddelelser, især for franskmændene militær, fik byen til at forny Eiffels koncession, da den udløb i 1909. I dag har mere end 100 antenner på tårnstrålen radio- og tv -udsendelser rundt om i verden.

8. Eiffeltårnet bidrog til erobringen af ​​Mata Hari.
Under første verdenskrig brugte det franske militær tårnets trådløse station til at opfange fjendtlige beskeder fra Berlin. I 1914 var franskmændene i stand til at organisere et modangreb under slaget ved Marne efter hemmeligt at vide, at den tyske hær stoppede dens fremrykning. Tre år senere opfangede stationen oven på Eiffeltårnet en kodet besked mellem Tyskland og Spanien, der gav detaljer om "Operativ H-21." Delvist baseret på denne besked arresterede, dømte og henrettede franskmændene Mata Hari for at have spioneret på Tysklands vegne.

9. Tårnet husede et videnskabeligt laboratorium.
Eiffel indgraverede navnene på 72 af landets forskere i tårnets galleri på første niveau, og oven på strukturen installerede han et laboratorium, der blev brugt af ham selv og franske forskere til at studere astronomi, meteorologi, aerodynamik og fysiologi og testforsøg som Foucaults pendel . I 1909 installerede Eiffel en aerodynamisk vindtunnel i bunden af ​​tårnet, der udførte tusinder af tests, herunder dem på Wright Brothers -fly og Porsche -biler.

10. Daredevils er døde, da de forsøgte luftfartsbedrifter ved tårnet.
Eventyrere i årtier har brugt tårnet til at iscenesætte vovede stunts ved hjælp af alt fra faldskærme til bungee snore. Ikke alle spændingsøgende har trodset døden. I 1912 forsøgte den franske skrædder Franz Reichelt at flyve fra tårnets første sal med en fjederbelastet faldskærmsdragt, men styrtede i stedet 187 fod til jorden. Fjorten år senere blev flyver Leon Collot dræbt i forsøget på at flyve sit fly under tårnets spændvidde, da det blev viklet ind i antennen fra den trådløse station og styrtede ned i en flammebold.


10 ting, du ikke vidste om Eiffeltårnet på dets 125 -års fødselsdag

Det kræver meget primping og priming at se godt ud på 125 år gammel. Bare spørg Eiffeltårnet, uden tvivl den mest genkendelige silhuet i verden, der markerer milepælen 31. marts.

Da Gustave Eiffel byggede det gitterede tårn til verdensudstillingen i 1889, skulle det være et midlertidigt bygningsværk, der skulle rives ned om 20 år.

I dag er det ikoniske franske vartegn det mest besøgte betalte monument i verden og tiltrækker mere end 7 millioner besøgende om året, hvoraf 75 procent er udenlandske turister.

Her er et par sjove fakta og tal om Iron Lady:

1. Mærkeligt, men sandt: Ved en engagementceremoni i 2007 ’giftede’ en amerikansk kvinde sig med Eiffeltårnet. Erika La Tour Eiffel (hun skiftede navn) lider af 'Objectum-Sexual' en tilstand, hvor folk forelsker sig i livløse genstande.

2. Aldring kræver ikke en lille mængde kosmetiske touch-ups: hvert syvende år gennemgår Iron Lady et malerarbejde, der kræver op til 60 tons maling for at beskytte hende mod rust.

3. Eiffeltårnet krymper og vokser med op til 15 cm (6 tommer) med de svingende temperaturer.

4. Hvert år regner den samlede distance, som elevatoren rejser, til at være omkring 103.000 km om året - eller 2,5 gange Jordens omkreds.

5. Vidste du: teknisk set er det ulovligt at offentliggøre fotos af det oplyste tårn om natten. Tilladelse og rettigheder skal hentes fra & quotSociété d'Exploitation de la Tour Eiffel. "

6. Tårnet er åbent hver dag. I et land, der lukker hver søndag, er tårnet måske det eneste, der er åbent 365 dage om året inklusive jul.

7. Efter at franskmændene, italienerne, spanierne og amerikanerne udgør de største besøgende på Eiffeltårnet.

9. Eiffel hyldede videnskabens store franske mænd ved at indgravere navnene på 72 forskere, ingeniører og matematikere på tårnets fire sider.

10. Det fem minutter lange lysshow om natten, som begynder på timen hver time fra natten til kl. 01.00, kræver 20.000 pærer.


Eiffeltårnets første sal har længe været en magnet for vovehalse. I 1912 sprang Franz Reichelt til sin død fra platformen, mens han forsøgte at demonstrere en bærbar faldskærm, mens Léon Collot i 1926 forsøgte at flyve sit fly under bue på første sal og styrtede ned.

Eiffeltårnet har affødt mange kopier, herunder i Pakistan, Rusland og USA, men den tidligste bygning, der tog inspiration fra strukturen, var Blackpool -tårnet. Det blev bygget fem år efter sin franske fætter, efter byens borgmester krævede noget lignende storslået ved siden af ​​Lancashire -kysten.


1. Den blev oprindeligt designet til kun at være 130 meter høj.

Først skulle tv -tårnet være meget mindre og placeret et andet sted - Müggelberge. De første udhuse blev endda bygget, men derefter indså ministeriet for indre anliggender, at tårnet ville være i flyvevejen til den planlagte Schönefeld -lufthavn. Myndighederne blev tvunget til at lede efter andre steder. De overvejede at bygge det på stedet for det ødelagte Berlin -palads, men det var umuligt på grund af den sandede grund, så placeringen af ​​det fremtidige tårn flyttede i nærheden med den nye plan om at bygge tårnet på Alexanderplatz.


Ting at lave omkring Eiffeltårnet

Når folk besøger Paris, er det vigtigste at gøre i Paris naturligvis at se Eiffeltårnet, lysets bys største vartegn. Det er ikke tilfældigt, at dette monument er så bemærkelsesværdigt. 250 millioner mennesker har besøgt jernstrukturen siden åbningen, og over 7 millioner mennesker besøger det årligt, hvilket gør dette til det mest besøgte monument i Europa. Kom og mød vores Iron Lady.

Det Eiffeltårnet blev bygget i 1888 af arkitekt Gustave Eiffel og står siden Paris verdensudstilling i 1889. Når du står ansigt til ansigt med det mest ikoniske monument i Paris, vil du blive imponeret over dets størrelse og storhed, det kan endda bringe tårer i øjnene.

Eiffeltårnet er 324 meter højt, 125 meter bredt og vejer over ti tusinde tons! Det har 1665 trapper. Klatre dem, hvis du er modig nok. Men du kan gøre, hvad de fleste gør, og bare tage elevatoren.

Da du besøger dette fantastiske vartegn i Paris (Lær mere om vores gratis vartegnstur her), bør du vide et par ting, du kan gøre inde i det og omkring det. Derfor deler jeg med dig ting at lave omkring Eiffeltårnet!

Hvor er Eiffeltårnet?

Det Eiffeltårnet ligger ved Champs de Mars den Avenue Anatole, 5 i det syvende arrondissement i Paris. Der er ingen måde, du vil gå glip af at se dette gigantiske monument, når du besøger Paris. Når du lander i Paris, vil du se Iron Lady fra flyet selv på en overskyet dag.

Der er masser af måder at komme til Eiffeltårnet, men jeg vil fortælle dig de bedste!

Den nemmeste måde at komme til Eiffeltårnet er naturligvis ved at tage RER C -toget til Champ de Mars/Tour Eiffel station, men hvis jeg var dig, ville jeg tage en af ​​de andre muligheder, jeg vil dele med dig.

Selvom det er den nærmeste metrostation til tårnet, er det normalt meget overfyldt, og da du måske ikke er vant til de parisiske offentlige transportmidler, kan du gå tabt og forvirret.

En alternativ måde er at komme på metrolinje 8 og tage afkørslen kl Ecole Militaire eller metrolinje 6, og tag afkørslen kl Bir-Hakeim. Ved at tage denne rute vil du undgå at have problemer med at vente på en direkte metro til Champ de Mars/Tour Eiffel og du vil også være tættere på Champs de Mars haver. Du vil kunne gå en tur, indtil du når Eiffeltårnet, som efter min mening er en af ​​de smukkeste måder at besøge hele området omkring Eiffeltårnet.

Den mulighed, jeg foretrækker, er at tage Trocadero metroafgang på metrolinje 9 eller 6, og besøg derfra først Trocadéro og derefter til Eiffeltårnet. By doing this, you will also have the best view possible from afar of the Eiffeltårnet, because the Trocadéro is on higher ground than the Champs de Mars. This way you will also have the possibility to visit a lot more things around the Eiffel Tower, while still being near it.

Avoid taking a taxi! This area is so frequented by tourists that it will nearly be impossible to get there by car. But if you really must do so, be prepared for long queues in traffic, taking about forty minutes or more to get to the Eiffeltårnet, depending on where you are located in Paris.

Climb the stairs and learn its history

Climb the stairs and reach the second floor! Wander around the center of the tower’s metallic structure at your own pace and contemplate the fantastic iron piece of art and its history.

Another thing to do in the Eiffeltårnet would be of course a guided tour to learn everything about the most famous monument of Paris.

Otherwise, you can stay a little while on the first floor to enjoy an overview of its history through different illustrations of the Eiffeltårnet evolution, photographs, engravings, drawings, films and interactive activities.

You don’t want to miss the panoramic view from the second floor, with Paris at your feet. Fra right bank til left bank (Learn more about right bank vs left bank), the Eiffeltårnet offers you the most unique view over the major landmarks of the city of lights.

However, be prepared to queue (read tips for your visit here) : it can take up to 4 hours to access to the Eiffel Tower. Even if you arrive early in the morning or at the end of the day, you won’t be alone ! Our advice would be to visit the Eiffel Tower with a local guide (more informaton and tickets here). These tickets are more expensive than normal tickets, but the Eiffeltårnet is a must-see in Paris and you don’t want to spend the whole day waiting in a line.

Inde i Eiffeltårnet, there are actually many things to see and experience. As you go up the tower, you will find out everything you want to know about the Eiffeltårnet: from its origins and history to the construction evolution and all the renovations it went through all these years.

Enjoy the Eiffel Tower at night

Some say the best time to visit the Eiffeltårnet is at night when you can appreciate a calmer atmosphere as well as the incredible illuminations. After sunset, the Eiffeltårnet sparkles with thousands of lights and it’s open til midnight!

>> Skip the line to the top of the Eiffel Tower with a tour guide

>> Enjoy a very special experience from the summit af Paris #1 landmark

Have a fancy night on the Eiffel Tower

If you’re looking for a chic experience, you can enjoy a glass of champagne at the very top of the Eiffeltårnet! Nestling into the very structure of the tower, the bar offers you a choice of a glass of either rosé or white champagne, served as chilled as you like. The bar is open until 10 pm and serves drinks for a cost between €12 and €21.

And finally, for the gourmet among you, on the first floor, there’s a restaurant called Restaurant 58 that serves lunches and dinners high in the sky! Its meals start at 39 euros and children’s menu at 15 euros. The food and atmosphere are extremely pleasant!

Enjoy wine and cheese at the foot of the Eiffel Tower

Det Eiffeltårnet is surrounded by big lawns where Parisians love to sit during spring and summer. One of the best things to do around the Eiffel Tower is to have a French picnic with cheese, wine and a baguette. Just next to the Eiffeltårnet is one of the best streets in Paris to buy food. Det hedder rue Cler (read more about food shops in Rue Cler). In this street, you will find the best products Paris has to offer. Then just bring all your purchases to those lawns of le Champs de Mars and you’ll have the most Parisian evening ever.

Enjoy the Rodin Museum

Det Rodin museum is one of the most celebrated sculpture museum of Europe. Rodin was one of the last masters of classical sculpture of its time. He revolutionized art. He made some of the most famous sculptures ever. We all know his most famous piece of art: the Thinker. His work is full of feelings and I can assure you it is a quite moving experience to discover Rodin’s art for the first time.

Det Rodin museum is in a walking distance of the Eiffeltårnet, only about 15 minutes. The museum also has one of the most beautiful gardens in Paris. It is definitely a must-do around the Eiffeltårnet.

Have a boat cruise

Det Eiffeltårnet is located just by the river. So one of the things to do around the Eiffel Tower is to get into a boat cruise. Boat cruises are not a tourist trap. They are a touristic activity but it’s definitely worth your money. It’s an amazing way to look at Paris. To see Notre Dame, the Islands, the bridges and hundreds of other details that will make you love Paris even more is one of the best experiences you’ll enjoy while in Paris.

Plus you get to be seated during the whole trip, enjoying the Seine River, the landmarks and taking the best photos of your stay in Paris!

You should also know that at the end of each of our free Paris walking tours, you’ll be handed a Perks Package. Inside the package, you’ll find many discounts that will make your visit to Paris even more special and unique, including discounts for the Vedettes du Pont-Neuf boat cruises.

Now you know some of the things to do around the Eiffel Tower. Seeing and visiting the gigantic iron structure will bring many different kinds of feelings and emotions to you. Det Eiffeltårnet will remind you how little you actually are in this world. You will understand how important it is to live for the moment.

Der er mange things to do around the Eiffel Tower. Once you’ve fully enjoyed the iron structure, you should relax and have lunch at the Champs de Mars, just beneath the Eiffeltårnet. Then walk around the area surrounding the tower. If you want a bonus tip: You should also know that if you come to Paris during Christmas, because during Christmas time, there’s a Christmas market just in front of the Eiffeltårnet. It has many stands and a nice ice rink. Parisians love to go there with their kids during the holidays!

A bonus fun fact about the Eiffel Tower

During cold weather, the tower shrinks about six inches due to the type of metal it is made of. During summer, it grows again but never more than those six inches!

I hope you’ve enjoyed reading this article! If you want to know a little more about our Iron Lady, read this article which is about some of the best fun facts about this iconic Parisian monument! I hope to see you soon in one of our tours! Do not hesitate to contact us if you need further information about anything!

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Clémence

Clémence grew up in the south of Paris. She studies politics and history at Sciences Po, in Saint-Germain. From long visits at the Louvre to carefree afternoons on the banks, she has childhood memories in every corner of Paris. Theater, cinema, photography, macarons, cheese, wine, exhibits, museums, parties. Paris is everything to her!


10 things you may not know about Cocoa and Rockledge

Think you know everything about Cocoa and Rockledge? Test that knowledge. Here are 10 things you may not know, smarty pants. Video by Jessica Saggio

Think you know everything there is to know about Cocoa and Rockledge? Let's put that knowledge to the test. (Photo: MALCOLM DENEMARK/FLORIDA TODAY)

This is the fifth part of a series dedicated to highlighting the many interesting facts found in cities across the Space Coast. Part 1: 10 things you probably don't know about the Space Coast can be found here. Part 2: Titusville, can be found here. Part 3: Merritt Island can be found here. Part 4: Cocoa Beach and Cape Canaveral can be found here.

In the early days of Brevard County, it was Cocoa and Rockledge that really got things rolling here on the Space Coast.

In fact, Rockledge was technically the first incorporated city in the county. But everyone knows that, right?

And Cocoa, which wasn't incorporated much later, wasn't really supposed to be called Cocoa and (allegedly) got its name from a shipment of cocoa powder after the postmaster rejected its request to be "Indian River City."

Everybody knows that, too, right?

The area, known for its great hunting and beautiful waterway, attracted pioneers and visitors who braved the mosquitoes, the terrain and the infamous Florida heat, and thus, the Space Coast was born.

But what isn't widely known about this historically rich areas of Brevard County?

Here are 10 things you may not know about Cocoa and Rockledge

1. Florida armadillos originated in Cocoa

We can thank Cocoa for these little creatures in our local ecosystem. (Photo: Kevin Robertson)

Next time your car finds itself playing chicken with an armadillo in the middle of the night, raise a fist and let out a curse to. Cocoa.

The nocturnal, somewhat destructive and roadkill-prone armadillo is not native to the Sunshine State and we can thank Cocoa for its existence here in Florida.

According to the book "Images of America: Cocoa and Rocklege" we can blame Gus Edwards, a prominent lawyer who is credited for developing Cocoa Beach. Edwards also developed the Cocoa Zoo in the 1920s, which was not among his greatest accomplishments. Edwards, who had lived in Texas prior to his time in Cocoa, brought the Longhorn State's iconic armadillo to serve as the star of the Cocoa zoo. That was, until the zoo went broke and they released all the armadillos into the wild. Bada-bing bada-boom, now we have armadillos.

It turns out, though, they fit in just fine around these parts.

"They seem to be pretty well immersed in Florida ecosystem. They didn’t displace a lot of other species, they are a food source for a lot of things and they keep other things under control," said Keith Winsten, executive director of the Brevard Zoo. "They are incredibly charming articles, they don’t bite."

However, "when faced with an automobile, their escape technique is to jump up which is a really bad idea."

Oh, and if you see one tearing up your yard, there's a good chance you've got grubs in your grass, said Winsten, so lay off the fertilizer.

2. We have a reason to root for the Vegas Golden Knights in the Stanley Cup Final

Ryan Carpenter, center, started his career here in Rockledge as part of the Space Coast Hurricanes junior hockey team. He now plays center for the Vegas Golden Knights. (Photo: Courtesy Rick Ninko)

Get on your black and gold, Brevard, because we have a direct link to this year's Stanley Cup Final and he plays center for the Vegas Golden Knights.

Meet Ryan Carpenter, the superstar hockey player who trained right here in Rockledge at the Space Coast Iceplex. Carpenter was born in Oviedo, but played for the Space Coast Hurricanes junior team when he was 15. Generally players on that team are 17, 18 and 19 years old, said former Iceplex owner Rick Ninko, but Carpenter stood out as a top-notch player even back then. The Space Coast Hurricanes went on to win the national championship for the Junior C level, a huge milestone for Florida hockey.

"It was a big deal at the time because it changed the face of hockey in that all of sudden Florida was being recognized as a place that produced good hockey players, and Ryan was one of them," said Ninko.

Ryan Carpenter #40 of the Vegas Golden Knights takes a shot against the Washington Capitals during the first period in Game Four of the 2018 NHL Stanley Cup Final at Capital One Arena on June 4, 2018 in Washington, DC. (Photo: Gregory Shamus, Getty Images)

Carpenter left Florida to play USHL junior hockey in Iowa, followed by collegiate hockey at Bowling Green University, minor leagues in Massachusetts and eventually the Vegas Golden Knights, a brand new team in the National Hockey League this season. In true Cinderella story fashion, the team is currently competing for the 2018 Stanley Cup against the Washington Capitals.

3. Rockledge High School was once Cocoa High School (let me explain)

Before 1970 when Cocoa High School moved into its current location, it was actually in Rockledge. (Photo: Jessica Saggio, FLORIDA TODAY)

There's a reason Rockledge and Cocoa high schools have such fierce rivalry and it can all be traced back to turf. The current Rockledge High School building was actually Cocoa High School at one time. Yes, Cocoa High School was in Rockledge and then moved to where it currently sits off Range Road. Once Cocoa high moved, Rockledge high took its place.

Cocoa High School was at the Rockledge location until 1970 and moved into its new facility because of capacity issues, said Dane Theodore, assistant superintendent of facilities for Brevard Public Schools.

The two schools have since formed an intense rivalry and just last year Rockledge beat Cocoa in football for the first time in 11 years.

4. Clearlake isn't just a road

Students hang out in Clear Lake, the actual lake, before the college started to discourage it due to the alligators. This photo is from the school's annual raft races in the lake. (Photo: Courtesy Eastern Florida State College)

In the 1950s, 60s and 70s not everyone in the Cocoa and Rockledge areas had a pool, but they did have Clear Lake. As in, Clear Lake, the actual lake, not the road that runs through town.

Those who grew up in the Cocoa area recall a time when Clear Lake, the lake currently that sits on the Eastern Florida State College campus, was a place for swimming and parties. It was perhaps the most popular local watering hole. It was also once a source of drinking water for the city of Cocoa, but that was (fortunately) before it became a community swimming pool.

FLORIDA TODAY asked about Clear Lake in a popular Cocoa Facebook group and within minutes, hundreds of comments poured in sharing good times experienced at the lake. Some noted they learned how to swim in the lake, others camped there and some had picnics. And yes, it was actually clear at one point. There was even a slide, a dock, ropes and lifeguards who kept a look out for alligators. A sandy beach faded away and EFSC buildings were constructed over time. The student center now sits atop what used to be the sandy beach.

"Clearlake was a central point of recreation for families. We swam to the platform dock to dive, took swimming lessons, and I remember fondly, rode our horses across on hot summer days," said Lisa Gurri, among dozens of other reminiscent comments on the thread. "Clearlake was fed by several springs on the west side and an artesian well fountain near then BCC Student Center, it was very clear where the Spring head fed the lake and we all cohabited with the gators."

Many also went to watch the "submarine races," commenters joked.

Swimming at the popular hang out stopped in the 80s as then-Brevard Community College built up its campus around the lake and signs warned of alligators.

Swimmers in Clear Lake. (Photo: Courtesy David Rollins)

5. There's a castle in Rockledge

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Rockledge is the only city in Brevard that can boast it has a castle. Yes, a castle. And a pink one at that.

Nestled along Valencia Road in Rockledge sits a 3,561-square-foot castle. It features four bedrooms and three-and-a-half baths, which is quite small for castle stands, but hey, it's Brevard not the Irish countryside.

But there are perks to having a Florida castle. This one comes with a pool, ornate fountain, private courtyard, mangoes and other fruit trees and a large screened-in back porch, according to a past FLORIDA TODAY report.

The 1920s-era home was completely remodeled and recently was sold. It was listed for $400,000. There were multiple offers and the house sold over asking price, said Shane Burgman of the Carpenter/Kessel Homeselling team, which listed the property.

The Rockledge castle. (Photo: Courtesy DeWayne Carpenter)

6. The Cocoa water tower's patriotic design has a tie to . Greece?

The Cocoa water tower's stars and stripes were originally painted as a gift to the city from a Greek immigrant. (Photo: Rik Jesse/FLORIDA TODAY, Rik Jesse, FLORIDA TODAY)

Perhaps the most iconic landmark in Cocoa, the patriotic water tower that sits near the corner of Peachtree Street and US 1 doesn't just look the part. It's history is intertwined with, well, love of country. Surely, the giant American flags give that away.

Although the water tower was repainted in 2015, the prominent American flag design dates back to 1976 during the country's bicentennial celebration. The flags are there thanks to Demetrios Dourakos, a Greek immigrant who wanted to show his gratitude to the country by painting the flags free of charge in honor of the bicentennial. Dourakos owned the Royal Painting Company on Merritt Island and the job was estimated to cost about $10,000 at the time.

Of course, over time, the tower has needed refurbishments, including the latest upgrades in 2015. The water tower's latest renovation earned the tower bragging rights. It was crowned the 2015 Tank of the Year and appeared as Miss January in a calendar published by Tnemec Co. Inc.

Dourakos also painted the giant flag on the Vehicle Assembly Building at NASA's Kennedy Space Center, according to FLORIDA TODAY archives.

Fun fact, said Cocoa Mayor Henry Parrish III, no matter which direction you are traveling, you can see a flag.

"The tower needed an enormous amount of work, but we didn’t want to lose the flags. We refurbished the tower to kind of represent how we refurbished the water system," said Parrish. "We made the flags smaller, added another flag and redialed it so when you come over the bridge from Merritt Island you see a flag, north you see a flag and south you see a flag and so on."

7. "River Road" was originally a Native American trail

Indian River Drive, Riverside Drive or Rockledge Drive, depending on how far south you go, was one of the first main thoroughfares on land in Brevard County. Primary transportation during the early days of Cocoa and Rockledge was by boat, but thanks to Native Americans and animals who resided before the area's pioneers, the riverside path was pretty much already formed.

"The River Road connecting Cocoa and Rockledge was originally a dirt Native American trail. Because it followed the Indian River shoreline, it was convenient for the early settles who homesteaded there," according to "Images of America: Cocoa and Rockledge."

8. Cocoa has a link to the Beverly Hillbillies

Buddy Ebsen starred as Jed Clampett in "The Beverly Hillbillies." Ebsen taught dance with his sisters in Cocoa, prepping young boys and girls for the Orange Jubilee. The Orange Jubilee Ball was a big celebration hosted in the Cocoa area. Ebsen eventually opened the Ebsen School of Dance in Orlando. (Photo: NBC, NBC via Getty Images)

Save the jokes about Mims and Scottsmoor, because it's actually Cocoa that can be most associated with the Beverly Hillbillies.

Star of the show Buddy Ebsen, who played the role of Jed Clampett, taught dance with his sisters in Cocoa, prepping young boys and girls for the Orange Jubilee. The Orange Jubilee Ball was a big celebration hosted in the Cocoa area.

"The school is known to have been active in the late 1930s and early 1950s," according to "Images of America: Cocoa and Rockledge."

Ebsen eventually opened the Ebsen School of Dance in Orlando.

9. Rockledge's glass coffin legend is . dun dun dun . false

A FLORIDA TODAY report from 1968 that features Pluckebaum's side of this fable. (Photo: Florida Today archives)

For decades, long timers on the Space Coast have passed down the tale of the legendary "glass coffin" on Rockledge Drive. The story goes that a young girl died because she drowned in the Indian River. Or was it because she got hit by a car? Or because she died of a sleeping sickness? Vælg dit valg. Either way, she died and her father didn't bury her. Instead, he put her in a glass coffin that rested inside a mausoleum facing the water so she could always look out upon her beloved Indian River. A super weird story if you go with the "drowning" angle. Pretty morbid. "Hey, look at where you died . for eternity."

The story was the basis for likely hundreds of "truth or dare" escapades, as many have considered it a thrill to search for the glass coffin.

Well, if you have a bubble, go ahead and pop it because the truth is that the story is completely fabricated. There was no young girl who died, and no, she doesn't haunt the river in a Victorian dress. Sorry, Brevard, the spook is a spoof.

In a FLORIDA TODAY report from December 1969, the tale was investigated. It turns out that the owner of the mausoleum, Jerome Pluckebaum, was interviewed about the local legend before his death. The only thing true about the story is that the mausoleum existed. Inside, rests Pluckebaum's wife, whose final wishes were that she "stay forever" at their winter home in Rockledge.

"She was later joined by his parents, a sister and in time, Plukebaum himself," the article reads.

"This is my home," said Pluckebaum. "I don't know how the stories got started. The only guess I have is when I built the mausoleum, a lot of people around here had never heard of a mausoleum."

The mausoleum has since been moved.

10. Cocoa "The trout capital of the world"

Cocoa once touted it was the "trout capitol of the world." Their spelling, not ours. (Photo: Courtesy Henry Parrish III)

Titusville may claim to be the redfish capital of the world, but apparently all the trout live in Cocoa.

In the 1950s, then-Mayor S. Gary Bennett Jr. was working to generate tourism and interest in Cocoa. His plan? Market it as the trout capital of the world with a giant parade float, said current Mayor Henry Parrish III.

"He would take that float and put it in the parades as far as Atlanta, Georgia," said Parrish. "He took it to Orlando, everywhere he could."

But was it accurate? Well, not technically, said Parrish, there was no real science to back up the claim.

Still, the Indian River Lagoon was a hotbed for catching trout, he said, so few fisherman left disappointed.


Brennan McPherson

When I first heard the story of the Tower of Babel as a kid, it took everything in me to not burst out laughing. I mean, come on. Some guy named Nimrod builds a tower that he thinks is going to reach to the heavens (what a nimrod) and God punishes him? That’s funny.

But is that really the story? Ho-ho! Upon closer look, we see that’s not quite what happened! And neither is the story any laughing matter. So, let’s dive through 10 facts you might not know about the story of the Tower of Babel in the book of Genesis:

1. The entire account of the Tower of Babel is in Genesis 11:1-9, but additional details and references are found from Genesis 9 through Genesis 11:26. There’s WAY too much here for just one point, so suffice it to say that to get a true understanding of the events in Genesis 11:1-9, you have to dig deep and cross-reference the surrounding Scripture text heavily. Because Genesis is written as what seems to be a poetic historical account, the events of the flood in Genesis 6-9 directly impact the events of the Tower of Babel. As do the troubles between Noah and his children, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. In addition, the text of Genesis 9 through Genesis 11 is not perfectly chronological. Noah’s death is talked about in Genesis 9, and yet Noah was alive during the events of the tower of Babel in Genesis 11. This is part of the reason why we have to read carefully, and cross-reference often, to make sense of the nuanced details in the story.

2. The story of the Tower of Babel wouldn’t have happened without Noah getting drunk in Genesis 9. In Genesis 9:18-29, we are given a general overview of the breakdown of Noah’s family, and the end of Noah’s life. Noah plants a vineyard, gets drunk, then gets naked (that’s weird), and his son Ham sees him naked and ridicules him to the family. Noah wakes up, hears what happened, and curses Ham’s lineage instead of directly cursing Ham, because as a prophet of God, Noah doesn’t presume to curse whom God has blessed (Genesis 9:1). This curse splits the family, and Noah’s failure to be a spiritual leader in his family is part of what allows the events of the tower of Babel to happen, because the Tower was most likely a religious structure made to aid in the worship of the celestial bodies (i.e. sun, stars, moon, and stuff). If Noah had not allowed a schism in his family, he would have been more capable of speaking against occurrences of idolatry. Seeing this connection, along with the next point, was what gave rise to the plot for my full-length novelization of the story titled, BABEL: The Story of the Tower and the Rebellion of Man.

3. Noah was almost certainly alive during the events of the tower of Babel. This blew my mind. In Genesis 9:28-29, we’re told that Noah lived 350 years after the flood, and died when he was 950 years old (his bunions must have been downright epic). If we flip ahead to Genesis 11:10, we find several VERY interesting clues that help us piece together a reasonably accurate timeline. Shem’s son Arpachshad (what a mouthful) was born two years after the flood. If we assume that every descendant afterward is a father-son relationship (meaning that there’s no skipping generations—which we see evidence of in other genealogies in Scripture), we end up finding out that a guy named Peleg was born 101 years after the flood. We’re also told Peleg lived 239 years, so he died 340 years after the flood (ten years before Noah died). We’re also told in the mirrored genealogy in Genesis 10 that the earth was “divided” in Peleg’s lifetime. We know that this doesn’t refer to a continental divide, or the flood, because the flood happened 101 years before Peleg was born, and a continental divide would have caused worldwide flooding again (which God promised to never do). The only other divide we’re told about in Scripture is the divide in languages and countries from the events at the Tower of Babel. Thus, we can safely assume Noah was alive during the events of the tower of Babel.

4. Abram could have been alive during the events of the tower of Babel, and was definitely alive during Noah’s lifetime. Following the timeline given in Genesis 11 (along with the assumption we already talked about in point 3 above), we see that Abram was born 292 years after the flood. This is 58 years before Noah died, and 48 years before Peleg died. It’s therefore reasonable to assume that Abram could have both known about (or been present at) the Tower of Babel event, and that he could have been directly discipled by Noah himself, learning about the beginning of the universe and the world’s greatest cataclysm from someone who had experienced the violent baptism of the world first-hand. In addition, Noah’s father, Lamech, could have known Seth (Adam’s son), and gotten a second-hand account of the garden of Eden. Not hard to see how an accurate oral tradition about the beginnings of the universe could have been passed down to Abram’s lineage and written in some form in his day (because they definitely had Semitic cuneiform writing back during the Tower of Babel days).

5. The Tower of Babel story could have happened anywhere from 101 years after the flood, to 340 years after the flood. This is interesting for several reasons. The closer the events were to the timing of the flood, the more we question what in the world Noah was doing during the events of the Tower of Babel. Why wasn’t the prophet of God stopping the world from gathering in rebellion against God with blatant idolatry? This was the provocative “What-if” question that gave rise to my novel, BABEL: The Story of the Tower and the Rebellion of Man, which is (you guessed it) largely about Noah’s involvement (and failure) in the events at the Tower of Babel. But in addition to that, we can also see that the population size could have varied widely, from a thousand or so people, to tens of thousands of people.

6. Just like the hundreds of flood myths in myriad cultures around the world, there are countless myths about the confusion of the world’s languages. Many of these language myths arose through oral tradition in areas that were untouched by the biblical text, which strongly indicates that there was a real event that spawned the disparate accounts. Some of the accounts include an Australian myth that attributes the language split to cannibalism, an African tale where madness struck people during a famine and they all spoke different languages and scattered, and a Polynesian tale that talks of a God who, in his fury, scattered the builders of a tower, broke its foundation, and made the builders speak in many different languages. Pretty crazy, right?

7. It’s likely Nimrod didn’t build Babel OR the Tower. In fact, it’s almost certain that Nimrod didn’t build either, though he was likely involved in the process. We’re told in Genesis 10:9 that Nimrod was primarily a hunter (a man of violence), and that the “beginning of his kingdom” was Babel, among other cities, before he went and built Nineveh, among others. If he built Babel, it likely would’ve said so there. In addition, the actual account of the Tower of Babel in Genesis 11 cites that the people communally said to one another, “let us build ourselves a city and a tower with its top in the heavens.” There was no one person who was commanding the building, but rather a group deciding in unison. Again, Nimrod could have been involved in this process. Or, he could have come to power afterward.

8. The trinity was involved at the events of the Tower of Babel. Traditional interpretation of Genesis 11, and God’s words saying, “Let os go down and see the tower” that mankind had built, is that Jesus, God (Yahweh), and the Holy Spirit were present and involved in the event. This makes sense with our New Testament understanding of the trinity for several reasons. First, Jesus is the Word, and his relation to God’s spoken revelation is inseparable throughout Scripture. Second, the world was created through Jesus (John 1:3), so he and the Holy Spirit are shown as involved in everything God has done from the beginning (“Spirit hovered over the face of the waters”). We also know the Holy Spirit’s involvement in human speech is profound from the account at Pentecost in the Book of Acts, which seems to be a sort of divine symbolic reversal of the confusion of languages at the Tower of Babel. Furthermore, if God was speaking in the plural to beings unified with him and who needed to be involved at the Tower, he would have been speaking to Jesus and the Holy Spirit. If God took a physical form in some way, traditional interpretation says that it would likely have been as a humanoid prefigurement of the Christ. Now we’re getting kinda “out there,” but this is important because we can then see Christ and the Holy Spirit at work in this ancient, Old Testament story, along with links to their work in the New Testament church and the covenant we have with God under Christ’s sacrifice and resurrection. Because Noah was a type of Adam. The world began anew with him through the baptism of the world. And we know that Christ is the last Adam, the undoing of Adam’s mistakes, and that his baptism is by the Spirit, not by water, which only pointed ahead to the baptism we experience through Christ’s blood. Baptism came to represent the death of the old world because of the literal destruction of the old world through water at the almighty hand of God. In this way, we see powerful symbolic connections and importance layered into the Tower of Babel story, and the lives of those involved.

9. The tower of Babel was likely finished when the languages were confused. In Genesis 11:5, it says God went down to see the city and the tower which the children of man “had built.” In addition, In Genesis 11:8, it claims God spread them out from there over the face of the earth, and that the people left off building the city (but not the tower, which implies the tower was already finished).

10. For the last time, the Tower of Babel story is NOT about technological advancement. Baked bricks were no new technology. In fact, though modern sociologists who don’t hold the Bible to be trustworthy often say that iron-working didn’t exist until much later, the Bible claims that in the first couple generations of humanity’s existence (long before the flood), humanity was building cities, creating pipe and stringed instruments, forging bronze og jern, and cultivating livestock (Genesis 4:19-22). So, we know that brick-making and using mortar were no great technological advancements. Especially after reminding ourselves that Noah (who was still alive) built the world’s largest wooden boat, waterproofed it with pitch, and survived the greatest cataclysm to ever strike the earth. The point of the story of the Tower of Babel is to illustrate man’s pride (wanting to make a name for themselves separate from their identity as children of God – i.e. “children of man”), along with man’s tendency toward idolatry, and God’s unlimited power coupled with his mercy and gentleness. The confusion of languages was a brilliant, non-violent way of disrupting their prideful plans. All in all, however, this story is a fascinating view into human nature, family dynamics, mankind’s purpose and ambition, and God’s personhood. If you want a more detailed historical study on the Tower of Babel, check out Bodie Hodge’s book, Tower of Babel, which is a careful study of the historical details, and which is endorsed by Answers in Genesis.

Before working on the full-length novelization of the story of the Tower of Babel (BABEL: The Story of the Tower and the Rebellion of Mankind), I didn’t know any of this. This is part of the reason why I love writing biblical fiction. It drives me back to the text of the Bible in a way nothing else does. I hope reading it does the same for you! Blessings, and thanks for reading. And if you want to pick up a copy of the book, you can do so here: GET BABEL NOW


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Kommentarer:

  1. Demophon

    Jeg er ked af det, men jeg tror, ​​du har forkert. Jeg kan bevise det. Send mig en e -mail til premierminister, vi taler.

  2. Brandelis

    jeg tilslutter mig. Og jeg har mødt det. Lad os diskutere dette spørgsmål.

  3. Davin

    For mig ved jeg ikke.



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