30. august 2013 Dag 223 i femte år - Historie

30. august 2013 Dag 223 i femte år - Historie


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Præsident Barack Obama mødes med sin nationale sikkerhedsstab for at diskutere situationen i Syrien i Situationsrummet i Det Hvide Hus, 30. august 2013. Fra venstre ved bordet: National Security Advisor Susan E. Rice; Rigsadvokat Eric Holder; Udenrigsminister John Kerry; og vicepræsident Joe Biden


14:15 PRÆSIDENTEN mødes med Estlands præsident Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Litauen Dalia Grybauskaitė og Letlands præsident Andris Bērziņš; VICEPRESIDENTEN deltager også
Skabsrum


Simha Rashi 2020-2021 Forudsigelser | Leo Moon Sign Vediske astrologi forudsigelser

Simha Rashi 2020-2021 forudsigelser, Leo Moonsign 2020-2021 forudsigelser, Simha Rasi Vedisk astrologi horoskop, Chingam Rasi forudsigelser for 2020-2021 år.

RELATEREDE

Simha Rasi (Leo månetegn eller stjernetegn) er det femte blandt 12 Rashi -systemer i hinduistisk astrologi.

Magha Nakshatra, Pubba Nakshatram eller Purva Falguni Nakshatra, Uttara Phalguni Nakshatra 1. pada er kategoriseret under Simha Rasi eller Leo måneskilt.

De, der er født mellem 23. juli og 23. august, er de indfødte i stjernetegnet Leo efter fødselsdatoen. Dette system bruges i hinduistisk astrologi, når du ikke kender det nøjagtige tidspunkt eller din fødselsstjerne (Janma nakshatram).

I henhold til den hinduistiske kalender (Panchangam) er året 2020-2021 Sarvari Nama Samvatsaram. Det begynder på Ugadi, den 25. marts 2020 og slutter den 12. april 2021.

I Sauramana -kalendere for Tamil Nadu, Tulu Nadu fra Karnataka og nogle andre kalendere begynder Vikari Nama Samvatsaram den 14. april og slutter den 13. april 2021.

Aaya Vyaya (indkomst- og udgiftsforhold) for Simha Rashi i 2020-2021
Rajapujya Avamana (Ære og skændsel) til Simha Rashi i 2020-2021

I henhold til standard Panchangam 2020-2021, Ugadi 2020-2021 Panchanga sravanam detaljer er givet her.

  1. Sarvari Nama Samvatsara Navanayaka Phala 2020-2021 Forudsigelser – Link
  2. Aaya Vyaya 2020-2021 for alle udslæt — Forhold mellem indkomst og udgifter for alle indfødte på månens tegn — Link
  3. Rajapujyam Avamanam 2020-2021 for alle udslæt — Æresforhold og vanære for alle indfødte i månens tegn — Link
  4. Kandaya Phalams 2020-2021 for alle Nakshatrams — gode og dårlige på skala for alle Nakshatrams — Link

Graha Sancharam i 2020-2021 for Simha Rashi

Guru (Jupiter) : Fra 29. marts 2020 til 30. juni 2020 vil Guru være i 6. hus (Tamramurthi). Fra 30. juni 2020 til 20. november 2020 vil Guru være i 5th House (Tamramurthi). Resterende år holder Guru det 6. hus som Swarnamurthi.

Shani (Saturn) : Shani vil være i 6. hus (Swarnamurthi) hele året.

Rahu : Rahu vil være i 11. hus til 23. september 2020 (Tamramurthi) og derefter til slutningen af ​​året vil Rahu være i 10. hus. (Lohamurthi).

Ketu : Ketu vil være i 5. til 23. september 2020 (Tamramurthi) og derefter til slutningen af ​​året vil Ketu være i 4. hus. (Lohamurthi).

Simha Rashi Generelle forudsigelser 2020-2021

Ifølge Hindupad Panchang i 2020-2021 vil indfødte i Simha Rashi have masser af energi og udholdenhed i løbet af året, så dine forløb forløber problemfrit uden hikke. Du ville også være mere effektiv.

I år 2020 ville Simha Rashi -folk kunne koncentrere sig og præstere bedre på deres professionelle front. Selvom det personlige liv ville holde dig optaget, ville du være i stand til at finde en god balance mellem duoerne.

Dit energiniveau ville være højt, og du ville være ret aktiv gennem året. De fleste indfødte ville tjene goodwill i karriereområdet i denne periode.

Vær forberedt på at håndtere nogle store ændringer i dine relationer. Selvom du ikke ville være forberedt på det samme, lå lavt og leg sikkert. Godt budskab venter på dig senere. Men din holdning til kærlighed og forhold ændrer sig nu til det bedre. Dette ville være et godt tidspunkt at finde ud af mere om din partner og forholde sig til hans eller hendes behov.

I år 2020 ville Simha Rashis personligheder være mere bøjede eller ivrige efter at fylde deres kasse op. Men planeterne favoriserer også store udgifter fra din side. Penge ville flyde ud af dine hænder uden nogen anstrengelse. Lav en god budgetplan og hold dig til dig, ellers lurer problemer rundt.

Omkring midten af ​​året kan du forvente en god økonomisk tilstrømning. Nogle af jer vinder gennem held, og nogle ved slags arv. I dette år ville Leo -folk blive presset til deres grænser, både på det mentale og fysiske plan. Sørg for, at stress og belastning ikke tager hårdt på dig. I dette år ville Leo -folk blive presset til deres grænser, både på det mentale og fysiske plan. Sørg for, at stress og belastning ikke tager hårdt på dig.

For år 2020 er planeterne placeret sådan, at der ville være en kløft eller adskillelse fra familien for de fleste Leo -fyre. Du vil have svært ved at tilpasse sig familien og dens behov gennem året. Der kræves en form for kompromis, ellers lider hjemmet.


Politiet dræbte mindst 223 sorte amerikanere i året efter Colin Kaepernicks første protest

NFL -sæsonen starter om to uger, og alligevel har Colin Kaepernick - den tidligere San Francisco 49ers quarterback, der tilbragte sæsonen 2016 på knæ gennem nationalsangen for at protestere mod racisme og politimord på sorte amerikanere - stadig ikke har et job.

Det har skabt debat om, hvorvidt Kaepernicks protester er årsagen til hans fortsatte arbejdsløshed, og de fleste beviser tyder på, at det er tilfældet. Det er sjældent, at en quarterback, der klarede sig så godt som Kaepernick sidste år, forblev uden selv et backup -job, og NFL -ejere har åbent bekymret sig over "tilbageslag" fra fans, der er imod hans budskab.

Men efterhånden som den debat raser videre, gør mordene, Kaepernick søgte at fremhæve.

Politi og retshåndhævende embedsmænd dræbte mindst 223 sorte amerikanere året efter, at Kaepernick første gang begyndte at protestere, ifølge en HuffPost -analyse af data udarbejdet af The Washington Post og The Guardian.

Kaepernicks protest blev offentlig, efter at en reporter lagde mærke til ham, der sad under hymnen før et førsæsonkamp den 26. august 2016. Men han havde faktisk startet øvelsen to uger tidligere, før Niners 'første sæsonkamp den 14. august.

To dage efter Kaepernicks første protest skød og dræbte politiet i Los Angeles 18-årige Kenney Watkins, en sort teenager, der ifølge betjente var bevæbnet med en pistol.

I løbet af de næste 365 dage, da adskillige NFL-spillere sluttede sig til Kaepernick, dræbte politiet i USA mindst 222 andre sorte amerikanere-der kulminerede med død den 13. august i år af Patrick Harmon, en 50-årig sort mand skudt og dræbt af politiet i Salt Lake City.

Det er sandsynligt, at endnu flere sorte mennesker blev dræbt af politiet i løbet af denne periode. Ofrets race er ikke blevet identificeret eller bekræftet i mere end 160 politidrab mellem 14. august 2016 og 14. august 2017 ifølge The Washington Posts database, der kun omfatter skyde dødsfald. The Guardian, der sporede dødsfald ved en hvilken som helst metode, stoppede med at opdatere sin database i slutningen af ​​2016.

Samlet set skød og dræbte politiet 978 mennesker i den årlige periode, der straks fulgte Kaepernicks første protest, ifølge Posten. Sorte amerikanere udgjorde cirka 21 procent af ofrene ifølge HuffPosts anmeldelse.

Det fund er i tråd med tidligere analyser fra Posten, der fandt ud af, at 233 af de 963 mennesker, politiet skød og dræbte i 2016, var sorte. Onsdag aften havde sorte mennesker været ofre i 137 af 643 politidrab i 2017, ifølge Posten. Politiet havde også dræbt 113 andre farvede mennesker indtil dette tidspunkt i år.

Afroamerikanere udgør cirka 13 procent af landets befolkning-hvilket betyder, at de er langt mere tilbøjelige til at dø af politiets hænder end hvide amerikanere, selvom flere hvide mennesker generelt bliver dræbt af politiet.

Selvom mange af ofrene for politivold blev betragtet som bevæbnede, var det ifølge Postens database ikke andre. Sorte amerikanere er dobbelt så sandsynlige som hvide amerikanere at være ubevæbnede, når politiet dræber dem, ifølge en undersøgelse, der blev offentliggjort i februar.

Kaepernick, hvis protest udløste landsdækkende kontroverser inden for og uden for sport, kastede 16 touchdowns mod kun fire aflytninger i 12 starter for 49ers sidste sæson. Han har været en gratis agent, siden han fravalgte sin kontrakt med holdet den 1. marts (49ers, der gik 2-14 i sidste sæson, ville have skåret ham, hvis han ikke havde meldt sig ud, sagde den nye general manager John Lynch i maj) .

Politiet i Amerika har dræbt mindst 84 sorte mennesker siden 1. marts, den dag Kaepernick officielt meldte sig ud af hans kontrakt, ifølge HuffPosts gennemgang af de to databaser onsdag aften.

Kaepernicks protester rørte ved en bølge af aktivisme mod politiets brutalitet i sport, da spillere sluttede sig til på tværs af NFL og andre steder - herunder på gymnasiet og college. I offseason besøgte en gruppe medfodboldspillere kongressen for at diskutere politibrutalitet og relaterede spørgsmål med føderale lovgivere.

På trods af Kaepernicks vedvarende fravær fra NFL, er de protester, han hjalp med at udløse, fortsat ind i forsæsonen 2017. De har endda fået en ny betydning takket være fremkomsten af ​​de seneste hvide supremacistiske og nynazistiske stævner i hele landet.

Seahawks defensive lineman Michael Bennett og Philadelphia Eagles sikkerhed Malcolm Jenkins, der sluttede Kaepernick til at protestere under hymnen for en sæson siden, gør det igen. Eagles defensive end Chris Long og Seahawks center Justin Britt støttede begge deres holdkammerater i denne forsæson og blev de første hvide NFL -spillere, der deltog i demonstrationerne. Seattle Reign og den amerikanske kvindelige nationale fodboldstjerne Megan Rapinoe, der er hvid, knælede under hymnen før hendes spil sidste år.

I weekenden samledes næsten 100 politifolk i New York City for at vise solidaritet med Kaepernick, den mest bemærkelsesværdige handling, politiet har taget for at anerkende hans kamp mod politivold og racemæssig uretfærdighed. Og mandag aften knælede 12 Cleveland Browns -spillere i bøn under hymnen, den største kollektive protest, ligaen har set, siden Kaepernick begyndte at demonstrere for en sæson siden.

Den 15. august, dagen efter etårsdagen for Kaepernicks første protest, blev 37-årige Herbert "Pop" Gilbert skudt og dræbt af politiet i Thomasville, Georgia. Siden onsdag aften havde politiet skudt og dræbt mindst 21 andre mennesker.

Kaeli Subberwal bidrog til denne rapport.

Tilmeld dig HuffPost Must Reads -nyhedsbrevet. Hver søndag bringer vi dig den bedste originale rapportering, lange formskrivning og breaking news fra The Huffington Post og rundt på nettet, plus bag-kulisserne ser på, hvordan det hele er lavet. Klik her for at tilmelde dig!


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For Great Trump/ Great Shinzo Abe/ Great Xi Jinping og alle høje myndigheder UN AU G20 kan G7 -præsident Buhari se, at virkningen stadig er på. Vi er slet ikke kommet os.

1. [OPDATER sidste afsnit 2018] Fra det, vi nu ved om den kollektive ondskab mod os, forsøgte Police Zone 2 at afslutte mit liv, mig Anacho og redde store idiotiske kriminelle i Lagos ved deres invitation dateret den 14., en dødelig kode, stemplet på deres DPP dateret den 8. juli 2009. Yoruba -politikvinden, der nægtede at fortælle mig sit navn, inviterede mig den 14. maj 2013. I nøjagtig 2 uger har de holdt vores fil i zone 2 uden at fortælle mig noget rimeligt. Hun fortalte mig kun, at & quotmy chef CSP Mr Ibekwe ikke er i nærheden & quot. Så hvorfor inviterede hun mig? Ved alle vores breve til AIG advarede jeg ACP Mr. Awoniyi, men han holder stadig vores sag baseret på forkert og vildledende signal og viser en tvivlsom karakter.

2. Over telefonen sagde en politimand fra zone 2 vredt til mig: ”Hvis du vil, kan du bede til formandskabet. Intet vil ske. ” Det er klart, at de stjal vores fil ved trick fra Festac Police til fordel for den mistænkte i ARSON. Politiet har fastlagt en korrupt måde ved at lade den mistænkte rengøre udstillingerne fra ARSON (gerningsstedet) og vise mig et falsk brandvæsenbrev.

3. Nu nægter de at returnere vores fil og sigter mod at skræmme brandvæsenets mænd, der stoppede branden. Jeg siger dette, fordi de har myrdet den første børsnotering blandt brandvæsenets mænd, der bemærkede tegn på kemikalier, imaginær snor og hullet. Hvis zone 2 ikke returnerer filen, er brandvæsenets liv og vores liv også i alvorlig fare. Akut korruption.

4. Den 8. april 2013 var DPO for Festac Police, Mr. Zango - 4. nordlige DPO, der skulle behandle vores sag om at brænde vores hus (ARSON) inden for et år, sammen med mig og den mistænkte, Regina Obianyor, der brændte vores hus. DPO fortalte den mistænkte, at han anklagede denne sag for retten. Den mistænkte protesterede straks modigt med, at det ikke var praktisk for hende, da hun skulle til 'operation'. DPO gav hende mulighed for at komme tilbage om en uge.

5. Den 18. april fortalte anden IPO mig, at der var et signal fra ZONE 2, X-Squad Dept. om at overføre vores sagsmappe baseret på anmodning fra den mistænkte. Jeg gik straks til Festac politistation og så signalet. Det var totalt inkompetent og vildledende. Signalet sagde, at Festac skulle overføre en sagsmappe rapporteret af Regina Obianyor, og mit navn blev nævnt i dette signal, mens Regina Obianyor var mistænkt. Jeg mødte databeskyttelsesrådgiveren om, at dette signal ikke kan overføre vores sagsakter til zone 2 i interesse for den mistænkte, der hævder at være klageren. Hvis de vil overføre vores sag, skal signalet afspejle vores sag. DPO forstod min pointe og lovede at informere AIG, zone 2.

6. Den 30. april fortalte den anden børsnotering, der er en Yoruba-mand efter stamme, at de overførte vores sagsakter til zone 2. Jeg skrev et andragende mod handlingerne fra X-squad afdeling 2, ledet af ASP Sasa Adeniyi (en mand fra Yoruba). Jeg indsendte det til AIG-kontoret samme dag, 30. april, 2013. Den 4. maj bragte en politimand hr. Bello (en mand fra Yoruba) et invitationsbrev til vores hus på 60B, Raji Rasaki Estate, Amuwo-Odofin og gav det samme for mig, at AIG har læst vores andragende, men han ville se begge parter mandag den 6. maj.

7. Den 6. maj var jeg i zone 2 om morgenen. Den mistænkte var ingen steder at finde. ASP Sasa Adeniyi og Mr. Bello, som jeg kendte fra Panti, begyndte at prædike for mig Anacho, at de ville tage mig med til en præst, da problemet var at få for mange. Jeg var fuldstændig uenig, jeg spurgte Bello om nogen har meldt mig til politiet, han sagde nej. Jeg rådede dem til at tage de mennesker, der begår åben kriminalitet mod os, som de ikke vil tage for retten, til præsten. Senere tog de mig til kontoret for deres chef ACP Onaade S. Awoniyi (en mand fra Yoruba). Efter at have diskuteret med mig, fortalte jeg ham åbent, at jeg var uenig i deres signal, og de skulle sende vores sagsmappe tilbage til Festac. På min front advarede han Mr. . Alle var Yoruba svært for mig at stole på dem, fordi deres bevægelse med vores fil var forkert. Politifolk, som jeg godt kender, i Panti og Festac prædikede ofte for at tage mig til en præst, jeg nægtede. På dette tidspunkt havde jeg ingen idé om, at vores virksomheds navn blev brugt til bedragerisk selvmords GT Bank -lån og ingen idé om at omdirigere vores forsikringskrav. Dem deres præster er 419, desperate efter penge, betød døden for mig. Nigerierne bør lære af dette afsnit. Stol aldrig let på vores betjente, når du er i et problem, der aldrig har været meningen.

8. Hr. Sasa Adeniyi tog mig med til vicekommissæren, som jeg troede var en Yoruba -mand. Efter at have talt med mig sagde han, at AIG har et minut i vores fil, hvis det jeg siger er sandheden, ville de sende vores fil tilbage til Festac. Han ringede til en mand fra D3, som jeg troede var en Igbo -mand. Efter at manden fra D3 læste vores andragende og andre politirapporter i sagen, returnerede han sagen til vicekommissær.

9. Vicekommissæren gav vores sagsmappe til en anden politiafdeling. En kvinde og en mand, der nægtede at give mig deres navne og telefonnumre, men jeg troede var Yoruba efter stamme. Efter at have gennemgået vores andragende fortalte de mig, at de forstod, at kvinden og hendes advokat var løgnere, og at disse politifolk ville arbejde for mig, og de ville gå til AIG for at returnere vores sag til Festac. Jeg stod ved holdningen i vores andragende, at de skulle returnere vores sag til Festac.

10. Assisterende generalinspektør for politiet, som jeg mener er nordboer, skal returnere vores sag til Festac Politi, som allerede er i gang med at sende sagen for retten. Alt, hvad de gør i den mistænktes interesse, vil fortsætte med skade og frustration for at sætte mig i sult ved at køre mere end 3 timer til zone 2 og tilbage, mens den mistænkte hygger sig et eller andet sted, som hvad der skete mandag den 6. maj : De fik mig til at blive i zone 2 hele dagen uden den mistænkte, fru Obianyor.

11. Opdateret i 2018: Pres. Buhari og Magu fra EFCC holder på vores forsikringskrav på 63 millioner dollars og efterlader vores familie halvdøde for andres kriminalitet kan ikke gøre noget godt for Nigeria i forhold til diasporaer og investorer. Jeg spekulerer på, om de vil hævde at være nigerianerne Anacho og Michiko og vores tre børn, der boede i Den-en-chōfu, Tokyo eller Anacho, der arbejdede utrætteligt i sit firma, Miana International Ltds okiba (havnegård) i Saitama, uanset regn , sne og sol. Den alvorlige del af styrken i vores lovforslag. Nigerianere kan lide os, uden at bryde regler eller orden overalt, fortjener respekt og ære. Gode ​​nigerianere, verden, bør fortsætte med at tale om, at vi skal få det, der er behørigt vores.

OPDATER. Retfærdighed Rilwan Mohammed Aikawa fra Kano State. Under Pres. Buhari-uretfærdighed mod os er til enhver tid høj. (Retfærdighed for alle). Vores afsløring af kriminalitet var aldrig en trussel, men genopretning og passende straf for at sikre, at disse organiserede flere rædsler aldrig sker for nogen nigerianer i den nærmeste fremtid. Beskidt kriminalitet mod verdensmagterne fastlægger procedurer, især i Letter of Credit, konsekvensen er dødelig uanset hvem du er. Reglerne skal overholdes.

Vores civil sag (nr. FHC/L/CS/388/2007) sag mod nigerianske toldmyndigheder og andre for toldarbejdernes nordboere uden hensyn til det særlige autorisationsdokument, som vores regering har givet os til at importere disse maskiner, vores eget mærke , at frigive en tom beholder til os mod COTECNA-rapport /procedurer for nedlæggelse af regeringen, har været i gang i 12 år i stedet for 2 år i et land med retsstatsprincippet og en præsident, der bekymrer sig. Indigene fra nord Toldpersonale navne blev ikke nævnt blandt deres vidner i deres forsvar, derfor kommer de ikke for retten eller lider nogen konsekvens for at ødelægge en Imo State -mand og hans udenlandske families liv. Lige. Yunusa fra Maiduguri, Borno State var den tredje dommer, mens den femte, den nordlige dommer, dommer Aikawa fra Kano, der blev overført fra Maiduguri, Borno State og Sokoto, til Lagos, til domstol 5 Ikoyi, gjorde i 2017 og gør det igen i 2017 2018 ved hjælp af 'gå hjem og dø med meget lange fem måneders udsættelse'. Vores sag begyndte sin første retssag i 2009, før pensioneret chefdommer, dommer Abutu, stadig var i retssag i samme domstol. GTBanks administrerende direktør, afdøde Tayo Aderinokun, der godkendte det svigagtige selvmordslån på 2,4 milliarder naira med vores virksomheds navn til gruppen Innoson Motors tilhører, skolet i Kano.

Taler ikke om, hvad guvernør Ambode gør ved vores tusindvis af motorcykler og marinemotorer Lagos State førte væk fra vores lejede industrilager og solgte under underlige omstændigheder (drejede hovedet i vores fravær) de sataniske okkulte nigerianske advokater/ præster med muslimer, der hang på vores fremgang skal stoppe. Ambode, som en konto for Lagos State dengang, en lønmand, svært at sige ingen idé om så enorme penge. Tre år på kontoret med dette problem, uafklaret. Vores første og anden liste/regning er stadig med ham. Siden november 2018 har vi hørt, at vicepræs. Osinbajo deler penge til handlende (helt sikkert er nairas værdi i dag ikke den samme som 1984). Men vi, som vores klage har nået hans kontor og mange andre, og skrev et brev af 20. oktober 2018 (sendt til Gov. Ambode og formandskab og andre højt som normalt sendte vi også en kopi til Osinbajos e -mail,) om tekstbeskeden invitation og resultat af vores møde i Lagos State Citizens Mediation Center den 8. oktober 2018, ingen information om hvad og hvornår de vil betale os. På grund af navnet på kvinden, der var vært for mødet, og den måde, hun inviterede os på, er vi bange for, at de kan betale sig selv og vise dokumenter, som de har betalt os (smuthul for svindel). Klik på billedet, URL for at læse afsnit 7 for Great Trump/ Great Shinzo Abe/ Great Xi Jinping og Pres. Buhari og Radio, Sociale Medier, TV, alle myndigheder. G7, G20, AU, EU, FN, NGO, ICC for at handle. Vores side sender anacho nnojap den 1. august 2017 for bedre forståelse https: // www.facebook.com/ anachonnojap/ photos/ s.21523072981675 77/2152307298167577/? Type = 3 & amptheater https: // www.facebook.com/ anachonnojap/ fotos/ pcb.186238972049 2671/1862387310492912/? type = 3 & amptheater.

Vores civil sag (nr. FHC/L/CS/388/2007) sag mod nigerianske toldmyndigheder og andre for toldarbejdernes nordboere uden hensyn til det særlige autorisationsdokument, som vores regering har givet os til at importere disse maskiner, vores eget mærke , at frigive en tom beholder til os mod COTECNA-rapport under kreditbrev/ regeringens nedlæggelsesprocedurer, har været i gang i 12 år, hvilket ikke formodes at være mere end 2 år i et land med retsstatsprincippet og en præsident, der bekymrer sig. Indigene fra nord Toldpersonale navne blev ikke nævnt blandt deres vidner i deres forsvar, derfor kommer de ikke for retten eller lider nogen konsekvens for at ødelægge en Imo State -mand og hans udenlandske families liv. Den femte, nordboende dommer, dommer Rilwan Mohammed Aikawa fra Kano -domstol 6 Ikoyi, gjorde i 2017 og gør det igen i 2018 ved hjælp af 'gå hjem og dø med meget lange fem måneders udsættelse'. Vores sag begyndte sin første retssag i 2009, før pensioneret chefdommer, dommer Abutu, stadig var under retssag i samme domstol. GTBanks administrerende direktør, afdøde Tayo Aderinokun, der godkendte det svigagtige selvmordslån på 2,4 milliarder naira med vores virksomheds navn til gruppen Innoson Motors tilhører, skolet i Kano.


Taler ikke om, hvad guvernør Ambode gør ved vores tusinder af motorcykler og marinemotorer Lagos State førte væk fra vores lejede industrilager og solgte under underlige omstændigheder, vendte hovedet i vores fravær og sataniske okkulte nigerianske advokater/ præster med muslimer hængende på vores fremskridt skal stoppe. Ambode, som en konto for Lagos State dengang, en lønmand, svært at sige ingen idé om så enorme penge. Tre år på kontoret med dette problem, uafklaret. Vores første og anden liste/regning er stadig med ham. Siden november 2018 har vi hørt, at vicepræs. Osinbajo deler penge til handlende (helt sikkert er nairas værdi i dag ikke den samme som 1984). Men vi, som vores klage har nået hans kontor og mange andre, og skrev et brev af 20. oktober 2018 (sendt til Gov. Ambode og formandskab og andre højt som normalt sendte vi også en kopi til Osinbajos e -mail) om tekstbeskeden invitation og resultat af vores møde i Lagos State Citizens Mediation Center den 8. oktober 2018, ingen information om hvad og hvornår de vil betale os. På grund af navnet på kvinden, der var vært for mødet, og den måde, hun inviterede os på, er vi bange for, at de kan betale sig selv og vise dokumenter, som de har betalt os (smuthul for svindel). Vores sidepost den 1. august 2017 for bedre forståelse.


30. august 2013 Dag 223 i femte år - Historie

Et 30-årigt fast realkreditlån er et lån, hvis rente forbliver den samme i lånets løbetid. For eksempel, på et 30-årigt realkreditlån på $ 300.000 med en 20% forskudsbetaling og en rente på 3,75%, ville de månedlige betalinger være omkring $ 1.111 (eksklusive skatter og forsikring). Så renten på 3,75% (og den månedlige betaling) forbliver den samme i lånets løbetid.

Hvad er fordelene ved et 30-årigt fast realkreditlån?

Det 30-årige fastforrentede realkreditlån er langt den mest populære lånetype og med god grund. Fordelene ved et 30-årigt fast realkreditlån inkluderer en forudsigelig, stabil månedlig betaling, der aldrig ændres, da renten aldrig ændres. Denne lånetype har også en relativt lav månedlig betaling, sammenlignet med kortere lån. For eksempel, på et 30-årigt realkreditlån på $ 300.000 med en 20% forskudsbetaling og en rente på 3,75%, ville den månedlige betaling være omkring 1.111 dollars (eksklusive skatter og forsikringer. Men for et 15-årigt fast lån, betalingen ville være omkring $ 2.062. Og fordi det 30-årige faste månedlige betalingsbeløb er lavere end et kortere lån, kan det også hjælpe hjemmebutikker med at kvalificere sig til flere hjem.

Hvad er ulemperne ved 30-årige faste realkreditlån?

Den største ulempe ved et 30-årigt fastforrentet pant er, at det er dyrere over tid end et kortere lån. Lad os sammenligne det med et 15-årigt fastforrentet pant som eksempel. Det 30-årige faste realkreditlån er dyrere, ikke kun fordi renten på et 30-årigt fastlån er højere end et 15-årigt fastlån, men også fordi du betaler mere rente over tid, siden du låner pengene i dobbelt så lang tid. Derudover betyder spredning af hovedbetalinger over 30 år, at du bygger egenkapital i et langsommere tempo end med et kortere lån.


30. august 2013 Dag 223 i femte år - Historie

Solbanediagram Solbanediagram kræver SVG, så det kan ikke fungere på din nuværende browser med de aktuelle indstillinger. Undskyld. PNG -version af grafen til solbanediagram er også tilgængelig.

UVB -stråling er tilstrækkelig til vitamin D3 -syntese

Tid: 06:00, Azimuth: 55 °, Højde: -1 ° Tid: 06:08, Azimuth: 57 °, Højde: 0 ° Tid: 07:00, Azimuth: 65 °, Elevation: 7 ° Tid: 08: 00, Azimuth: 74 °, Højde: 18 ° Tid: 09:00, Azimuth: 83 °, Elevation: 29 ° Tid: 10:00, Azimuth: 93 °, Højde: 40 ° Tid: 11:00, Azimuth: 104 °, Højde: 51 ° Tid: 12:00, Azimuth: 121 °, Højde: 62 ° Tid: 13:00, Azimuth: 150 °, Højde: 70 ° Tid: 14:00, Azimuth: 193 °, Højde: 71 ° Tid: 15:00, Azimuth: 228 °, Højde: 65 ° Tid: 16:00, Azimuth: 249 °, Højde: 56 ° Tid: 17:00, Azimuth: 262 °, Elevation: 45 ° Tid: 18: 00, Azimuth: 272 °, Højde: 34 ° Tid: 19:00, Azimuth: 281 °, Højde: 22 ° Tid: 20:00, Azimuth: 290 °, Højde: 12 ° Tid: 21:00, Azimuth: 300 °, Højde: 2 ° Tid: 21:17, Azimuth: 302 °, Højde: 0 ° Tid: 22:00, Azimut: 310 °, Højde: -7 ° Tid: 23:00, Azimuth: 321 °, Højde: -15 ° Tid: 04:00, Azimuth: 33 °, Højde: -17 ° Tid: 05:00, Azimuth: 45 °, Højde: -10 °

Solsti, december solhverv

Tid: 08:00, Azimuth: 120 °, Elevation: 0 ° Tid: 08:03, Azimuth: 121 °, Højde: 0 ° Tid: 09:00, Azimuth: 130 °, Elevation: 8 ° Tid: 10:00 , Azimuth: 142 °, Højde: 15 ° Tid: 11:00, Azimuth: 155 °, Højde: 21 ° Tid: 12:00, Azimuth: 170 °, Elevation: 24 ° Tid: 13:00, Azimuth: 185 ° , Højde: 25 ° Tid: 14:00, Azimuth: 200 °, Højde: 22 ° Tid: 15:00, Azimut: 213 °, Højde: 17 ° Tid: 16:00, Azimut: 225 °, Højde: 10 ° Tid: 17:00, Azimuth: 236 °, Højde: 1 ° Tid: 17:15, Azimuth: 238 °, Højde: 0 ° Tid: 18:00, Azimuth: 246 °, Elevation: -8 ° Tid: 07: 00, Azimuth: 111 °, Højde: -11 °

Solsti, jævndøgn (marts og september)

Tid: 08:00, Azimuth: 115 °, Elevation: 0 ° Tid: 08:00, Azimuth: 115 °, Højde: 0 ° Tid: 09:00, Azimuth: 126 °, Elevation: 8 ° Tid: 10:00 , Azimuth: 137 °, Højde: 17 ° Tid: 11:00, Azimuth: 151 °, Højde: 23 ° Tid: 12:00, Azimuth: 166 °, Elevation: 27 ° Tid: 13:00, Azimuth: 182 ° , Højde: 29 ° Tid: 14:00, Azimuth: 198 °, Højde: 27 ° Tid: 15:00, Azimut: 212 °, Højde: 22 ° Tid: 16:00, Azimut: 225 °, Højde: 15 ° Tid: 17:00, Azimuth: 236 °, Højde: 6 ° Tid: 17:44, Azimuth: 244 °, Højde: 0 ° Tid: 18:00, Azimuth: 246 °, Elevation: -3 ° Tid: 19: 00, Azimuth: 256 °, Højde: -14 ° Tid: 07:00, Azimuth: 106 °, Højde: -11 °

Tid: 07:00, Azimuth: 98 °, Højde: -5 ° Tid: 07:26, Azimuth: 103 °, Højde: 0 ° Tid: 08:00, Azimuth: 108 °, Elevation: 5 ° Tid: 09: 00, Azimuth: 119 °, Højde: 15 ° Tid: 10:00, Azimuth: 131 °, Højde: 24 ° Tid: 11:00, Azimuth: 146 °, Højde: 32 ° Tid: 12:00, Azimuth: 163 °, Højde: 37 ° Tid: 13:00, Azimuth: 181 °, Højde: 38 ° Tid: 14:00, Azimut: 200 °, Højde: 36 ° Tid: 15:00, Azimuth: 216 °, Højde: 31 ° Tid: 16:00, Azimuth: 230 °, Elevation: 23 ° Tid: 17:00, Azimuth: 242 °, Højde: 13 ° Tid: 18:00, Azimuth: 253 °, Elevation: 3 ° Tid: 18: 22, Azimuth: 257 °, Højde: 0 ° Tid: 19:00, Azimuth: 263 °, Højde: -7 ° Tid: 06:00, Azimuth: 88 °, Højde: -16 °

Tid: 07:00, Azimuth: 82 °, Højde: -8 ° Tid: 07:43, Azimuth: 89 °, Højde: 0 ° Tid: 08:00, Azimuth: 91 °, Elevation: 2 ° Tid: 09: 00, Azimuth: 102 °, Højde: 13 ° Tid: 10:00, Azimuth: 113 °, Højde: 24 ° Tid: 11:00, Azimuth: 126 °, Højde: 34 ° Tid: 12:00, Azimuth: 142 °, Højde: 42 ° Tid: 13:00, Azimuth: 162 °, Højde: 47 ° Tid: 14:00, Azimut: 184 °, Højde: 48 ° Tid: 15:00, Azimuth: 206 °, Højde: 45 ° Tid: 16:00, Azimuth: 224 °, Elevation: 39 ° Tid: 17:00, Azimuth: 239 °, Højde: 30 ° Tid: 18:00, Azimuth: 251 °, Elevation: 20 ° Tid: 19: 00, Azimuth: 262 °, Højde: 9 ° Tid: 19:53, Azimuth: 271 °, Højde: 0 ° Tid: 20:00, Azimuth: 272 °, Elevation: -2 ° Tid: 21:00, Azimuth: 282 °, højde: -13 °

Tid: 06:00, Azimuth: 64 °, Elevation: -9 ° Tid: 06:52, Azimuth: 73 °, Højde: 0 ° Tid: 07:00, Azimuth: 74 °, Elevation: 1 ° Tid: 08: 00, Azimuth: 84 °, Højde: 11 ° Tid: 09:00, Azimuth: 94 °, Højde: 23 ° Tid: 10:00, Azimuth: 104 °, Højde: 34 ° Tid: 11:00, Azimuth: 118 °, Højde: 44 ° Tid: 12:00, Azimuth: 136 °, Højde: 53 ° Tid: 13:00, Azimut: 160 °, Højde: 59 ° Tid: 14:00, Azimuth: 190 °, Højde: 60 ° Tid: 15:00, Azimuth: 217 °, Elevation: 56 ° Tid: 16:00, Azimuth: 236 °, Højde: 47 ° Tid: 17:00, Azimuth: 251 °, Elevation: 37 ° Tid: 18: 00, Azimuth: 262 °, Højde: 26 ° Tid: 19:00, Azimuth: 272 °, Højde: 15 ° Tid: 20:00, Azimuth: 282 °, Højde: 4 ° Tid: 20:27, Azimuth: 287 °, Højde: 0 ° Tid: 21:00, Azimuth: 292 °, Højde: -6 ° Tid: 22:00, Azimuth: 303 °, Højde: -16 °

Tid: 06:00, Azimuth: 58 °, Elevation: -3 ° Tid: 06:17, Azimuth: 61 °, Højde: 0 ° Tid: 07:00, Azimuth: 68 °, Elevation: 6 ° Tid: 08: 00, Azimuth: 77 °, Højde: 17 ° Tid: 09:00, Azimuth: 87 °, Højde: 28 ° Tid: 10:00, Azimuth: 97 °, Højde: 39 ° Tid: 11:00, Azimuth: 109 °, Elevation: 50° Time: 12:00, Azimuth: 127°, Elevation: 60° Time: 13:00, Azimuth: 156°, Elevation: 67° Time: 14:00, Azimuth: 194°, Elevation: 68 ° Time: 15:00, Azimuth: 226°, Elevation: 62° Time: 16:00, Azimuth: 246°, Elevation: 53° Time: 17:00, Azimuth: 259°, Elevation: 42° Time: 18: 00, Azimuth: 270°, Elevation: 31° Time: 19:00, Azimuth: 279°, Elevation: 20° Time: 20:00, Azimuth: 289°, Elevation: 9° Time: 20:58, Azimuth: 298 °, Elevation: 0° Time: 21:00, Azimuth: 298°, Elevation: 0° Time: 22:00, Azimuth: 309°, Elevation: -10° Time: 05:00, Azimuth: 47°, Elevation: -12°

Time: 06:00, Azimuth: 57°, Elevation: -5° Time: 06:26, Azimuth: 61°, Elevation: 0° Time: 07:00, Azimuth: 67°, Elevation: 5° Time: 08:00, Azimuth: 76°, Elevation: 15° Time: 09:00, Azimuth: 85°, Elevation: 26° Time: 10:00, Azimuth: 95°, Elevation: 38° Time: 11:00, Azimuth: 107°, Elevation: 49° Time: 12:00, Azimuth: 124°, Elevation: 59° Time: 13:00, Azimuth: 150°, Elevation: 66° Time: 14:00, Azimuth: 188°, Elevation: 69° Time: 15:00, Azimuth: 222°, Elevation: 64° Time: 16:00, Azimuth: 243°, Elevation: 54° Time: 17:00, Azimuth: 257°, Elevation: 44° Time: 18:00, Azimuth: 268°, Elevation: 33° Time: 19:00, Azimuth: 278°, Elevation: 21° Time: 20:00, Azimuth: 287°, Elevation: 10° Time: 21:00, Azimuth: 297°, Elevation: 0° Time: 21:07, Azimuth: 298°, Elevation: 0° Time: 22:00, Azimuth: 307°, Elevation: -9° Time: 23:00, Azimuth: 319°, Elevation: -17° Time: 05:00, Azimuth: 46°, Elevation: -14°

Time: 06:00, Azimuth: 63°, Elevation: -10° Time: 06:56, Azimuth: 73°, Elevation: 0° Time: 07:00, Azimuth: 73°, Elevation: 0° Time: 08:00, Azimuth: 83°, Elevation: 10° Time: 09:00, Azimuth: 93°, Elevation: 22° Time: 10:00, Azimuth: 104°, Elevation: 33° Time: 11:00, Azimuth: 117°, Elevation: 43° Time: 12:00, Azimuth: 134°, Elevation: 53° Time: 13:00, Azimuth: 158°, Elevation: 59° Time: 14:00, Azimuth: 188°, Elevation: 60° Time: 15:00, Azimuth: 215°, Elevation: 56° Time: 16:00, Azimuth: 235°, Elevation: 48° Time: 17:00, Azimuth: 250°, Elevation: 38° Time: 18:00, Azimuth: 261°, Elevation: 27° Time: 19:00, Azimuth: 271°, Elevation: 15° Time: 20:00, Azimuth: 281°, Elevation: 4° Time: 20:30, Azimuth: 286°, Elevation: 0° Time: 21:00, Azimuth: 291°, Elevation: -6° Time: 22:00, Azimuth: 302°, Elevation: -16°

Time: 07:00, Azimuth: 84°, Elevation: -6° Time: 07:28, Azimuth: 89°, Elevation: 0° Time: 08:00, Azimuth: 94°, Elevation: 5° Time: 09:00, Azimuth: 104°, Elevation: 16° Time: 10:00, Azimuth: 116°, Elevation: 26° Time: 11:00, Azimuth: 129°, Elevation: 36° Time: 12:00, Azimuth: 146°, Elevation: 43° Time: 13:00, Azimuth: 167°, Elevation: 48° Time: 14:00, Azimuth: 190°, Elevation: 48° Time: 15:00, Azimuth: 211°, Elevation: 44° Time: 16:00, Azimuth: 228°, Elevation: 37° Time: 17:00, Azimuth: 242°, Elevation: 27° Time: 18:00, Azimuth: 254°, Elevation: 17° Time: 19:00, Azimuth: 264°, Elevation: 6° Time: 19:37, Azimuth: 270°, Elevation: 0° Time: 20:00, Azimuth: 274°, Elevation: -5° Time: 21:00, Azimuth: 284°, Elevation: -16° Time: 06:00, Azimuth: 74°, Elevation: -17°

Time: 07:00, Azimuth: 94°, Elevation: -11° Time: 07:59, Azimuth: 103°, Elevation: 0° Time: 08:00, Azimuth: 103°, Elevation: 0° Time: 09:00, Azimuth: 114°, Elevation: 10° Time: 10:00, Azimuth: 125°, Elevation: 19° Time: 11:00, Azimuth: 138°, Elevation: 28° Time: 12:00, Azimuth: 154°, Elevation: 34° Time: 13:00, Azimuth: 172°, Elevation: 37° Time: 14:00, Azimuth: 190°, Elevation: 37° Time: 15:00, Azimuth: 208°, Elevation: 33° Time: 16:00, Azimuth: 223°, Elevation: 26° Time: 17:00, Azimuth: 236°, Elevation: 18° Time: 18:00, Azimuth: 247°, Elevation: 8° Time: 18:50, Azimuth: 255°, Elevation: 0° Time: 19:00, Azimuth: 257°, Elevation: -2° Time: 20:00, Azimuth: 267°, Elevation: -13°

Time: 07:00, Azimuth: 110°, Elevation: -6° Time: 07:36, Azimuth: 116°, Elevation: 0° Time: 08:00, Azimuth: 120°, Elevation: 3° Time: 09:00, Azimuth: 131°, Elevation: 12° Time: 10:00, Azimuth: 143°, Elevation: 20° Time: 11:00, Azimuth: 157°, Elevation: 25° Time: 12:00, Azimuth: 172°, Elevation: 28° Time: 13:00, Azimuth: 188°, Elevation: 28° Time: 14:00, Azimuth: 204°, Elevation: 25° Time: 15:00, Azimuth: 218°, Elevation: 19° Time: 16:00, Azimuth: 230°, Elevation: 11° Time: 17:00, Azimuth: 240°, Elevation: 2° Time: 17:17, Azimuth: 243°, Elevation: 0° Time: 18:00, Azimuth: 250°, Elevation: -8°

Time: 06:00, Azimuth: 55°, Elevation: -2° Time: 06:09, Azimuth: 57°, Elevation: 0° Time: 07:00, Azimuth: 65°, Elevation: 7° Time: 08:00, Azimuth: 74°, Elevation: 18° Time: 09:00, Azimuth: 83°, Elevation: 29° Time: 10:00, Azimuth: 93°, Elevation: 40° Time: 11:00, Azimuth: 104°, Elevation: 51° Time: 12:00, Azimuth: 121°, Elevation: 62° Time: 13:00, Azimuth: 149°, Elevation: 70° Time: 14:00, Azimuth: 192°, Elevation: 71° Time: 15:00, Azimuth: 228°, Elevation: 66° Time: 16:00, Azimuth: 248°, Elevation: 56° Time: 17:00, Azimuth: 262°, Elevation: 45° Time: 18:00, Azimuth: 272°, Elevation: 34° Time: 19:00, Azimuth: 281°, Elevation: 22° Time: 20:00, Azimuth: 290°, Elevation: 12° Time: 21:00, Azimuth: 299°, Elevation: 2° Time: 21:17, Azimuth: 302°, Elevation: 0° Time: 22:00, Azimuth: 310°, Elevation: -7° Time: 23:00, Azimuth: 321°, Elevation: -15° Time: 05:00, Azimuth: 45°, Elevation: -10°


Minaret of Freedom Weblog

After moving to a new, more modern campus (plastered with USAID stickers and heavily gated), the American University in Cairo (AUC) held its inauguration ceremony last Saturday. In keeping with the grandeur expected of such Egyptian ceremonies, the First Lady made an appearance. ‘Mama Suzanne,’ as she is fondly called, lathered on the requisite public praise for education and progress.

Meanwhile, professors whom had been invited to this extra-exclusive ceremony stood not with the Mother of the Nation on this glorious day, but rather in front of riot police at the General Prosecutor’s Headquarters. They were protesting for the release of one of AUC’s own, arrested only the day before. Philip Rizk is a graduate student here, a German-Egyptian, a Christian, an activist for the people of Gaza, a filmmaker, a blogger, a freelance journalist. For four days he was also a political detainee held without charge, as is customary in this country of “progress.”

The AUC strategy for recovering its kidnapped minds, however, is making progress.

In January 2007, another graduate student and Arabic language instructor, Ihab Atta was taken by the State Security and held without a trail. Atta is a soft-spoken man, one with a genuine smile. It’s hard to believe anyone like him could be suspected of activities against the government, even one as frustrating as this one. Perhaps it was because no one could even comprehend why Atta was taken that the resistance to his imprisonment was slow to mobilize . It took nearly two years to accumulate enough momentum, to determine the right amount – and the right kind—of pressure against the Interior Minister. Finally, Atta was released in the end of last November after local newspapers announced the coming of a media-saturated demonstration to be held at the shiny, new, and progressive campus.

These two cases illustrate the power of media and awareness. For Ihab, a cautious campaign that tried first to use wusta (political connections, the language of Egyptian bureaucracy), and succeeded years later only after finally turning to the papers. For Philip, a pointed and publicized operation that claimed success in less than a week.

It’s effectiveness is precisely why the freedom of expression is recurrently under attack by State Security. The 2005 presidential election, the first multiparty contest ever, sparked an explosion of blogs in particular to meet the demand for alternative reporting left unfulfilled by state and official media. Of course after the fact, Mubarak’s leading opponent Aymen Nour is still in jail, and authorities now keep tabs on blogs with political and religious content.

The weakness of the Egyptian government is in its appearance, and state authorities know this. Det er derfor criticizing the President and his family is a punishable offense why state police are camped out on every corner of downtown Cairo why the country will have been living under “ emergency law ” for the past 30 years after its supposed expiration next May and why the country fights Islamists with one hand and secularists with the other. Despite the state’s widespread incapacity , the game is maintaining the appearance of strength and to proactively squash any voice that suggests otherwise.

Philip’s freedom is a small victory in the scheme of things, but a very meaningful one. People like him are the fountainhead of reform, the ones who make it their job to fight the big issues that still exist: Thousands of the political opposition are still behind bars, the state still remains impotent, Egypt’s Rafah border with Gaza is still blocked , other pro-Palestinian bloggers are still in captivity .

And the fear still lingers that tomorrow someone else will be snatched up and taken away for merely speaking his mind. “I don’t want there to be another Ihab or another Philip,” explained a member of the AUC faculty who was involved in campaigning for both of their releases. “Never again.”

Kasia Rada, former MFI intern

News and Analysis (8/8/08)

Restoration of fired judges in Pakistan would have prevented a chaotic impeachment of Musharraf, says leading lawyer:

Iraqi central government power more dispersed as upcoming elections heighten the importance of regional politics…

… while Shiite militia looks to restructure into a large civilian cultural section and a smaller group of fighters:

Tensions between Muslims and Hindus over disputed Kashmir region have escalated in the last two weeks:

Thousands of miles away from the Beijing Olympics, police close an East Turkestani bazaar in response to group’s warning to Chinese Muslims to distance themselves from public transportation:

Relatively short sentence dismisses some claims against military court’s unfairness, but Hamdan could still be held indefinitely, or until the end of the “War on Terror”:

East African immigrants from war torn regions make the perilous sea journey from Libya in hopes to reach Europe:

Dissident economist who was held after comments during Syria’s brief stint in freedom of political expression seven years ago is released:

News and Analysis (8/7/08)

Hamdan’s acquittal of terrorist conspiracy but conviction of supporting terrorism heightens debate on the fairness of the military justice system:

A powerful voice in the region declares “odd” an Iranian threat to the US that would also make foes out of Arab friends:

Disagreements over control of oil-rich Kirkuk delays provincial elections until next year, giving the current administration even less to call “success” in Iraq before leaving office:

Rival Palestinian parties both push for political leader and potential presidential successor Marwan Barghouti to be one of the prisoners released in Israeli good faith gesture:

As Turkey looks to take the role of regional problem solver, Syria seeks association and discussion in order to have a voice in peace efforts:

It is highly likely, but not certain, that the new ruling coalition could impeach President Musharraf who by now has little say in daily affairs and already ceded military control:

Political leader Anwar Ibrahim says he will hold the Prime Minister orchestrating his prosecution “personally responsible” for riots over allegations against him:

Ten years after Nairobi embassy bombing, lawlessness in neighboring Somalia and victimization of local Muslims are concerns:

News and Analysis (8/6/08)

As oil revenue contributes to the Iraqi budget surplus, the US looks to transition financial responsibility for reconstruction projects:

Shia cleric says his militia will lay down weapons, but insists resistance to US occupation remains a legitimate right:

Minor al-Qaeda figure’s trial is a test run for the legal process involved in the eventual closing of Guantanamo:

“Corrupt” but freely elected government in Mauritania is overthrown by recently fired military generals:

Pakistan government wants to affirm control of ISI, but the agency’s alleged support for the Taliban could be driven by rival India’s growing influence in neighboring Afghanistan…

…meanwhile the US praises its training of the Afghan Army, but realizes the inadequacy in the national police force to counter rising insurgency:

While the Algerian government has made combating terrorism a goal, last weekend’s attack shows the Al Qaeda’s capabilities expanding in northern Africa:

US Embassy says large weapons cache uncovered by Kyrgyz police was intended for local counterterrorism training:

News and Analysis (8/5/08)

With Iraqi Prime Minister’s recent troop reductions comments still resonate, President Bush now agrees to a “time horizon” for transitioning control to Iraqis:

East Asian Studies professor says China continues to vilify the East Turkestan Islamic Movement , which doesn’t have the resources for an attack even if it wanted to:

U.S.officials allege ne of Amnesty International’s “disappeared” terror suspects used her MIT education to reach Al Qaeda inner circles:

With informal deal deadline past, yesterday’s phone call between Iran and six world powers was also “not conclusive”:

Palestinian clan, tossed between two main factions, finds many of its members saved by Israelis and now interrogated:

Indian-Afghan friendship signaled by development aid and recent collaborative accusations against Pakistan have Pakistan on edge:

Landmark agreement that would expand Muslim homeland in a southern island is blocked by the Philippine Supreme Court over questions of constitutionality:

Muslims recognize the benefits of tourism and would like to make the most of Western knowledge as long as they can preserve their religion:

News and Analysis (8/4/08)

Olympics-related security hype has given China momentum to conduct raids on Uighur Muslims, and now police arrest assailants without explaining their motives or affiliations :

As the threat of sanctions looms following a missed nuke-deal deadline, Iran warns of its ability to close critical Persian Gulf waterway:

Wounded Palestinians receive medical treatment on the condition that they become informants:

Reevaluating counternarcotics strategy in Afghanistan, Canada considers de-incentivizing opium production at the processing and shipment levels:

Seven Baha’i Iranians reportedly confess to establishing an illegal institution aimed at undermining the Islamic government:

A police raid called for by the US fails to capture man in charge of 1998 embassy bombings, but instead arrests his relatives accused of harboring him:

A Turkish show manages to connect with Saudis where Western shows can’t, inspiring tourism, independent women’s roles, as well as a cleric’s objections:

For incarcerated Afghan women, access to medical treatment, education, and safety from those seeking revenge is reason enough to keep their children there:

News and Analysis (8/2-8/3/2008)

Escalating intra-Palestinian violence spurs Israeli assistance to Fatah’s wounded:

Kurdish Workers’ Party (PKK) still denies role in Istanbul attacks, but eight will be charged with PKK membership in light of “strong evidence”:

Displaced people found themselves caught between Taliban and US/NATO fighting in Afghanistan’s South and move to Kabul due to deteriorating security:

Following US accusations and political pressures, Pakistan announces it will investigate its spy agency’s involvement in last month’s bombings on the Indian embassy in Kabul…

… as well as assure the Pentagon it is moving major units of its military into tribal areas to confront Taliban forces:

Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb is suspected to be responsible for blast:

Street cleaners are among the dead in extremists’ roadside bomb as chaos continues…

…meanwhile, resigning Somali ministers in the Transitional Federal Government site the Prime Minister’s “power abuse” and “dictatorial tendencies”:

“My real crime is speaking out in defense of the democratic governance Egyptians deserve,” a journalist sentenced to prison for “harming” Egypt’s reputation wrote:

Bangladeshi laborers are deported from Kuwait after protests over contracts and rights:

Government water subsidies where the supply is limited and government corruption, rather than an over-active free market economy as LA Times staff writer claims, are more likely reasons for Yemen’s ecological nightmare:

Understanding globalization, a local Iranian cleric urges villagers to exploit opportunities in the tourism industry to avoid having to leave for the city to find work:

In an upcoming election, Indonesian “spirit is toward reform, so there will be no censorship” of the press:

News and Analysis (8/1/08)

Acknowledging that they have no control over what OBL’s driver divulges if he is freed, the military hears classified testimonies in the trial that seems fixed to convict him:

Tit-for-tat arrests between rival political groups do nothing more than “perpetuate divisions” in Palestine:

European oil companies seeking to invest in Iran give in to US political pressures:

With the introduction of sports programs, former Iraqi athletes hope to make sectarian divisions irrelevant and give children positive options:

Having earlier this week linked Pakistan’s ISI to tribal insurgency, the US now joins Afghanistan in accusations for last month’s bombing at the Indian embassy in Kabul, further pressuring Pakistan’s new civilian government:

As attacks on civilians and NGOs increase in number, aid agencies fear some areas too dangerous to operate in will suffer:

Putin indicates cooperation with Libya’s requests for products from Russia’s military industrial complex:

As preparations are made for terrorists’ executions, lawyers intend to challenge the constitutionality of a firing squad:

News and Analysis (7/31/08)

Islamic organization complies with requests for publicly-available evidence in a monumental lawsuit over the national surveillance program’s legality:

Politically-charged AKP trail ends in financial sanctions rather than disbandment of the ruling party, avoiding what could have been a political and economic crisis in Turkey :

Under Australia ’s newly revamped immigration policy, Afghan and Iraqi refugees seeking asylum will no longer be detained for years in off-shore camps:

Insurgents in Iraq have not been eradicated, but merely pressed to relocate their operations to Afghanistan and Pakistan:

Internet cafes, cable providers, and music stores are among those considered the “traitors of Allah” in a recent threat by Pakistani Taliban:

Syrian critics of the government on assert their Damascus Declaration calling for democracy was non-offensive and made in defense of the homeland:

Member of the religious police accused of violating the religious law he purports to enforce by taking more wives than the law allows:

In Steven T. Wax’s “Kafka Comes to America ,” the accounts of two men jailed without charge illustrate “the threat from terrorists is real, but the unfortunate reality is that the threat from an overzealous response to terrorism is real as well”:

Following the release of a report that disproved politically-charged allegations against him, Malaysian leader Anwar Ibrahim seeks to regain his original seat in Parliament:

News and Analysis (7/30/08)

Greater focus on military operations than reconstruction in Iraq creates a poor job market outside of the government and police force:

Turkish military uses Istanbul explosions as an excuse to strike Kurdish Iraq again:

Giving a blunt warning of American intervention, the CIA dispatches an emissary to Pakistan ’s new civilian government to illustrate ISI-Taliban militancy connections…

…and a recent military breach of the Swat-region peace deal could be it’s response to US pressures to assert its feeble authority:

Underscoring the increasing Fatah-Hamas divide within Palestine, Human Rights Watch accuses both groups of arbitrary arrests and torture:

British House of Lords excuses Saudi’s threat to withdraw national security cooperation in response to the investigation of an arms deal’s legality:

A new media law would further clamp down on freedom of expression, but one Egyptian laments that people trying to make ends meet in a soured economy don’t have time for political activity anyway:

Observers, scholars, and government representatives will discuss conflicts in Muslim countries at an Indonesian conference:


Cancer survival

  • Half (50%) of people diagnosed with cancer in England and Wales survive their disease for ten years or more (2010-11).
  • Cancer survival is higher in women than men.
  • Cancer survival is improving and has doubled in the last 40 years in the UK.
  • Cancer survival is generally higher in people diagnosed aged under 40 years old, with the exception of breast, bowel and prostate cancers, where survival is highest in middle age.

Neoliberal Case Study: Chile

This article was originally in the Gini book. However, some people said it was too data-heavy for the book&rsquos general audience. So, the article now lives here. (Note: &ldquoNeoliberalism&rdquo is an økonomisk philosophy that has nothing to do with politisk Liberalism. So, this is not a political article. If you&rsquore not sure about the difference between political Liberalism and economic Neoliberalism, please see Economic Liberalism vs. Political Liberalism and Classical Liberalism vs. Neoliberalism.)

The Chicago Boys & Their Murderous Prophet of Profit. After 43 years of peaceful, democratic governance, Neoliberalism violently swept into Chile in the mid-1970s. That was when Milton Friedman and several other American economists (the &ldquoChicago Boys&rdquo) from the University of Chicago were invited to advise Chile&rsquos freshly unelected military dictator and self-proclaimed prophet, Augusto Pinochet. After leading a CIA-backed coup d&rsquoétat that led to the death of Salvador Allende (Chile&rsquos democratically elected president), Pinochet brutally ruled Chile from 1973 to 1990 [1] . [2]

The USG Actively Supported the Destruction of Chilean Society. Globally, Pinochet is most famous for brutally imposing Neoliberal policies on Chile locally within Chile, he is most famous for murdering several thousand political opponents, kidnapping and disappearing up to 80,000 political dissidents and their families, torturing tens of thousands of Chileans in concentration camps, embezzling USD tens of millions from the Chilean Treasury, tax fraud, arms dealing, and generally destroying the social and economic fabric of Chilean society. [3] This was no accident it was exactly what U.S. President Nixon and Secretary of State Kissinger had in mind when, regarding Chile&rsquos economy, Nixon said, &ldquoMake the economy scream.&rdquo [4]

Global Systemic Collapse. From a systemic perspective, several important factors led to the 1970s collapse of the global financial system that had been in place since 1945:

  • The 1971 collapse of the Gold-Exchange Standard and the Bretton Woods System.
  • The OPEC oil embargo in 1973.
  • High inflation and high unemployment worldwide throughout the 1970s.
  • Rapidly increasing global interest rates from the mid-1970s to the late-1980s.
  • Depreciating Latin American currencies, debt contracts and bonds denominated in appreciating
  • A global recession in commodities markets (except for oil) spawned a perfect storm that sent the commodity-export-dependent countries of Latin America into an economic death spiral.

As a result, Latin American governments were forced to borrow huge sums of money from international banks just to fund their core government operations. As interest rates continued climbing throughout the 1980s, their debt service obligations became unbearable. Then, like dominoes, economies throughout Latin America collapsed.

Latin America Blamed for the USG&rsquos Sabotage. Neoliberalism was pitched as a response to prodigal Latin American governments, but the reality was the exact opposite: It was the Nixon Administration&rsquos reckless fiscal and monetary policies, his dismantling of U.S. and global capital controls, and the flooding of the planet with USD during the Vietnam War that killed the Gold-Exchange Standard. [5] It was the USG&rsquos intervention in the Middle East and abusive contracts by U.S. and British oil companies that instigated the OPEC oil embargo and the nationalization of virtually all major oil production facilities worldwide. [6] It was the U.S. Federal Reserve&rsquos decision to dramatically increase interest rates to stop the worldwide inflation that the USG caused, which dramatically increased the borrowing costs in all countries worldwide because virtually all institutional lending activities were (and most still are) linked to U.S. bond market prices. [7]

Saudi Pipeline of Capital Props Up the Unsustainable U.S. Economy. After Nixon negotiated with the Saudi Royal family to price all Saudi crude oil in USD in exchange for Nixon&rsquos promise to not militarily invade Saudi Arabia, the Saudis were accumulating USD hundreds of billions in foreign currency reserves. [8] With nothing better to do with that mountain of USD, the Saudis agreed to invest the reserves back into U.S. Treasury Bonds and allow U.S. banks to manage their surplus funds. [9] This, combined with the USD&rsquos special reserve currency status, has enabled reckless and short-sighted U.S. politicians to exploit countries around the world, fund endless wars, and ignore the avalanche of debt that is now choking generations of Americans.

Saudi Pipeline of Capital Fueled Latin American Debt. In addition to perpetuating the USD&rsquos status as the dominant global reserve currency and the USG&rsquos endless budget deficits, with all this new cash flooding the U.S. banking system, the banks needed to find borrowers to generate interest income for themselves and the Saudis. This created an incentive for them to push Latin American governments to take loans for every conceivable infrastructure project, regardless of whether the projects were economically justifiable or sustainable. [10] This triggered a gold rush for U.S. banks, engineering, construction, and consulting firms to exploit every possible inch of South America, regardless of the economic, social, or environmental consequences.

Subvert Democracy & Sabotage the Economy. On top of a devastating economic crisis, now Latin America was being sold an endless river of unsustainable bank loans with sophisticated sales pitches that were presented as economic development programs. The Chicago Boys were the most famous, but they were just the tip of the spear: A phalanx of American corporations, political operatives, and Neoliberal economists plunged deep into every corner of every country in Latin America. [11] In this environment, Democracy took a backseat to financial profit, which led to many ethical compromises in U.S. Democratic and Republican administrations. For example, from a secret 1973 CIA memo: &ldquoIt is firm and continuing policy that Allende be overthrown by a coup. . . . It is imperative that these actions be implemented clandestinely and securely so that the USG [the U.S. government] and American hand be well hidden.&rdquo That was the year when Nixon ordered the CIA to &ldquomake the economy scream&rdquo [12] in Chile and to &ldquoprevent Allende from coming to power or to unseat him.&rdquo [13]

Partners in Crime. Instead of denouncing the bloodthirsty Pinochet as an anti-democratic tyrant, Nixon and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger explicitly ordered the CIA to destroy Chile&rsquos economy by imposing devastating capital and trade embargoes and violently overthrowing democratically elected President Allende. Why did they do this? Because Nixon, Kissinger, and USG policymakers and economists perceived Pinochet as a useful partner in spreading the ideology of Neoliberalism to beskytte Latin America against Communism. &ldquoThe nation is trying to make Chile a country of proprietors, not of proletarians,&rdquo said Pinochet in an April 1987 speech. [14] Apparently, it never occurred to Pinochet or American officials that Allende was democratically elected fordi neoliberals were destroying capitalism, engaging in humanitarian atrocities in the name of democracy, transferring Chile&rsquos land and natural resources to foreign corporations, and the Chilean people were desperate for meaningful economic reforms to achieve a more just and equitable quality of life.

Hubris & Tyranny Disguised as Liberty. Some people say Allende was incompetent, a communist, etc., because he justifiably resisted Neoliberalism, which they claim was justification for U.S. intervention. Allende was a socialist, not a communist most politicians are not economic experts, which is why they have economic advisors and it&rsquos always easy to identify incompetent and/or left-wing politicians in every government on Earth, but that does not give us the right to murder and destroy them. Regardless of their ideology or technical competence, the USG never has any legitimate right to destroy the economies and political systems of other countries. When this happens, it represents a catastrophic breakdown of human civilization, which can only lead to racial hatred and ethnic conflicts poverty of mind, body and spirit and genocidal wars. Indeed, these are the rotten fruits of Neoliberalism and the USG&rsquos economic and foreign policies.

Verifying the Success Stories. Given the unholy USG-backed dictatorships and economic disasters throughout the entire South American continent during the early days of Neoliberalism, very few people would dispute the fact that the 1980s were a lost decade for Chile and virtually all of Latin America. But how have Latin America&rsquos economies performed lately? Maybe we can forgive and forget the violence of past atrocities if we can attribute recent success stories to Neoliberalism? This is the amoral logic that guides many neoliberals today. Chile, Brazil, and Mexico are the most prominent Neoliberal success stories in Latin America, but there is only space-time for the most successful case so, let&rsquos take a brief look at Chile&rsquos performance.


Neoliberalism was Pinochet&rsquos Path to Personal Wealth & Power. Neoliberalism perfectly matched Pinochet&rsquos governing style: Control the people and economy while claiming to have a laissez-faire philosophy. Pinochet personally became very wealthy by embezzling USD millions from the Chilean Treasury. With his ill-gotten war chest and USD billions of illicit financial assistance from the USG, Pinochet had the financial power to systematically terrorize, oppress, and destroy all political opposition for nearly two decades.

Economic Daggers of Despair. As Pinochet&rsquos personal wealth and power were increasing thanks to the largess of Nixon and Kissinger, and as Pinochet made hundreds of his cronies wealthy by selling them state assets at deep discounts, the chart above illustrates how the general population of Chile suffered from vicious economic volatility until Pinochet began to lose power in the late-1980s. [15] Economic volatility invariably begets social volatility. Given Pinochet&rsquos brutally oppressive regime, we can reasonably imagine the two sharp downward spikes in the GDP trend line as two deadly daggers metaphorically plunging downward into the heart of the Chilean people, while they were literally suffering and dying under Pinochet&rsquos homicidal neoliberal reign of terror.

Chile&rsquos Economy Rises After Pinochet Falls. According to Chilean economist Alejandro Foxley, 44% of Chilean families were living below the poverty line at the end of Pinochet&rsquos regime. [16] Based on World Bank data, Chile&rsquos Gini Index was over 57% in 1990. Today, Chile still suffers from a Gini Index of about 47%, which represents a very high concentration of wealth in the hands of a relatively small number of citizens, but it&rsquos still lower than the Gini Index of the United States, which is over 48%. [17] In fact, Chile&rsquos economy has been performing significantly better than the U.S. economy almost every year since the end of Pinochet&rsquos neoliberal reign of terror.


The Chilean Miracle. Some people refer to Chile as &ldquoan economic miracle.&rdquo It&rsquos tempting to assume this is because it would be a miracle for any economy to succeed after being tortured with the Neoliberal Policy Package. In reality, the miracle of Chile&rsquos economy did not emerge until efter many economic and social stability policies were implemented on top of Pinochet&rsquos privatization and market liberalization reforms. [18] And contrary to popular neoliberal myths, significant portions of the Chilean economy are still owned or controlled by the government, including dozens of state-owned enterprises (SOEs). [19] These SOEs include the national copper company (CODELCO), the national petroleum company (ENAP), the National Postal System (Correos de Chile), and the state-owned bank (Banco Estado), among many others. [20]

Strong Non-Neoliberal Reforms. In addition to preserving domestic control of strategic natural resources, Chile has very strong banking regulations, which enforce safe lending practices and bank debt management. [21] Workers in all Chilean industries enjoy far more rights and protections than workers in the United States. For example, all Chilean companies with over 25 employees must hire Chilean citizens for at least 85% of their labor force. Outsourcing and off-shoring are also strictly regulated and prohibited in almost all cases. Chilean companies have strict limitations on their use of part-time employees to prevent them from eliminating full-time jobs for the sole purpose of shareholder profit maximization. [22] These and many other healthy economic and social stability reforms are certainly not components of the Neoliberal Policy Package.

Chile Case Study Conclusion. The Neoliberalism of the Pinochet Era was replaced with a rational balance of relatively liberal trade, a balance of private and public enterprises, strong domestic labor market protections, relatively strict capital controls, rational banking regulations, protection of Chile&rsquos precious natural resources, and dozens of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that protect vital national industries from the self-interest of foreign investors who have no loyalty and little concern for the Chilean people. This rational balance between market-oriented and human welfare-oriented policies has laid the foundation for Chile&rsquos economic &ldquoeconomic miracle&rdquo since 1990, not the Neoliberal Policy Package.

The Current Economic System is Unsustainable & Collapsing. No matter what we call it (crony capitalism, neoliberalism, neomercantilism, plutocracy, kleptocracy, corporatism, corporate socialism . . .), the current economic system that dominates the world today is collapsing. It&rsquos not collapsing because of a lack of free markets it&rsquos collapsing in the U.S. and many other countries because of systemic corruption, cronyism, unsustainable concentrations of economic and political power, A.I. and robots replacing human labor, widespread ignorance about how real wealth is created (and destroyed), political campaign financing systems that artificially limit our electoral choices to a tiny handful of rich oligarchs, and an unaccountable political class that is often corrupt and manifestly incapable of serving the best interest of the general public.

The nonpartisan, politically viable, and economically sustainable solutions presented in Gini book would fix all those problems.

Bemærkninger:
[1] Kornbluh, P. (2013). The Pinochet File: A Declassified Dossier on Atrocity and Accountability (Updated edition). The New Press. [2] News, A. B. C. (2006, January 6). CIA Admits Involvement in Chile. http://abcnews.go.com/International/story?id=82588&page=1

[3] La Comisión Nacional sobre Prisión Política y Tortura &ndash GOBIERNO DE CHILE. (2016, September 24). http://www.comisiontortura.cl/2016/09/24/la-comision-nacional-sobre-prision-politica-y-tortura/

[4] &ldquoMake the Economy Scream&rdquo: Secret Documents Show Nixon, Kissinger Role Backing 1973 Chile Coup. (2013). http://www.democracynow.org/2013/9/10/40_years_after_chiles_9_11

[5] Nixon&rsquos Colossal Monetary Error: The Verdict 40 Years Later. (2011, August 15). https://www.forbes.com/sites/charleskadlec/2011/08/15/nixons-colossal-monetary-error-the-verdict-40-years-later/#15351b0469f7

[6] &ldquoKing Faisal Stood Firm on Oil Embargo.&rdquo (2008, May 4). Retrieved November 26, 2017, from http://www.arabnews.com/node/311576

[7] Volcker&rsquos Announcement of Anti-Inflation Measures | Federal Reserve History. (n.d.). https://www.federalreservehistory.org/essays/anti_inflation_measures

[8] The Untold Story Behind Saudi Arabia&rsquos 41-Year U.S. Debt Secret &ndash Bloomberg. (n.d.). Retrieved November 26, 2017, from https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2016-05-30/the-untold-story-behind-saudi-arabia-s-41-year-u-s-debt-secret

[9] &ldquoKing Faisal Stood Firm on Oil Embargo.&rdquo (2008, May 4). Retrieved November 26, 2017, from http://www.arabnews.com/node/311576

[10] Perkins, J. (2016). The New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man (2 edition). Oakland, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

[11] Perkins, J. (2016). The New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man (2 edition). Oakland, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

[12] &ldquoMake the Economy Scream&rdquo: Secret Documents Show Nixon, Kissinger Role Backing 1973 Chile Coup. (n.d.). Retrieved November 26, 2017, from http://www.democracynow.org/2013/9/10/40_years_after_chiles_9_11

[13] Kornbluh, P. (2013). The Pinochet File: A Declassified Dossier on Atrocity and Accountability (Updated edition). The New Press.

[14] Pinochet&rsquos rule: Repression and economic success. (n.d.). Retrieved November 26, 2017, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/63821.stm

[15] W, R. S. (2002). Privatization in latin america: How did it work and what difference did it make? Latin American Politics and Society, 44(4), 153-166.

[16] Foxley, Alejandro. 2001. PBS interview. Part of &ldquoThe Commanding Heights: The Battle for the World Economy&rdquo series.

[17] Based on the latest World Bank data, which was published in 2016.

[18] W, R. S. (2002). Privatization in latin america: How did it work and what difference did it make? Latin American Politics and Society, 44(4), 153-166.

[19] Making this observation does not mean I believe SOEs are preferable to private enterprises in all cases at all times. That would be an ideological position without any evidence. In contrast, an unbiased analysis of economies worldwide reveals 100s of large and efficient SOEs that serve their country&rsquos economic development goals very effectively. Disse SOE'er minimerer indblanding og sabotage fra udenlandske enheder og producerer store suveræne formuefonde, som giver afgørende økonomisk og social stabilitet i deres begyndende udviklingsfaser, hvilket ville være svært, hvis ikke umuligt, at opnå med rent private virksomheder.

[20] Kilde: U.S. Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs

[21] Chile bevarer en stærk lovgivningsmæssig ramme, lyder det fra Seneste forretningsrapport. (2016, 25. oktober). Hentet fra http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2016/10/25/chile-retains-a-strong-regulatory-framework-says-latest-doing-business-report

[22] U.S. International Trade Administration. Chile & ndash 9.2-Arbejdspolitikker og praksis | export.gov. (n.d.). Hentet fra https://www.export.gov/article?id=Chile-Labor

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5 fakta om troskabsløftet

Massachusetts 'højesteretsdomstol - statens højeste domstol - vil i dag høre argumenter i Doe v. Acton-Boxborough Regional School District, en sag, hvor et anonymt ateistisk par udfordrer brugen af ​​udtrykket "under Gud" i recitationer af løfte om troskab i offentlige skoler. Sagsøgerne, repræsenteret af American Humanist Association, appellerer til en lavere retsafgørelse, der gik til fordel for skoledistriktet.

Med skoleåret i gang rundt om i landet, her er fem fakta om løfte om troskab og dets juridiske historie:

Den originale version af troskabsløftet indeholdt ikke ordene "under Gud". Den patriotiske ed - tilskrevet en baptistisk minister ved navn Francis Bellamy og udgivet i et børnemagasin i september 1892 for at fejre 400 -årsdagen for Christopher Columbus 'rejse til Amerika - lød: "Jeg lover tro mod mit flag og Republikken, som det står, en nation, udelelig, med frihed og retfærdighed for alle. ”

Kongressen tilføjede "Under Gud" til løftet i 1954 - under den kolde krig. Mange medlemmer af kongressen ville angiveligt understrege sondringerne mellem USA og det officielt ateistiske Sovjetunion.

Sagsøgernes børn i Massachusetts -sagen - som alle amerikanere - kan ikke kræves at recitere pantet eller nogen bestemt del af det. Det blev tydeliggjort i en amerikansk højesteretsafgørelse fra 1943, West Virginia v. Barnette, hvor dommer Robert Jackson skrev: ”Hvis der er en fast stjerne i vores forfatningsmæssige konstellation, er det, at ingen embedsmand, høj eller smålig, kan foreskrive, hvad der skal være ortodoks inden for politik, nationalisme, religion eller andre menings- eller magtanliggender borgere til at tilstå ved ord eller handle deres tro deri. Hvis der er omstændigheder, der tillader en undtagelse, forekommer de ikke nu for os. ”

I 2004 accepterede den amerikanske højesteret en sag (Elk Grove Unified School District v. Newdow), der anfægtede brugen af ​​"under Gud" i løftet, men landsretten tog ikke stilling til spørgsmålet om, hvorvidt tilsagnet er forfatningsmæssigt i henhold til den første ændring. I stedet sagde et flertal med fem retfærdigheder, at ateisten Michael Newdow ikke havde juridisk status til at rejse sagen på vegne af sin datter, fordi han ikke havde lovlig forældremyndighed over hende. Stående er et juridisk begreb om, at kun dem med en legitim andel i en sags udfald kan være part i en retssag.

Den nuværende Massachusetts -sag udfordrer løftet fra et andet perspektiv end Michael Newdow, der hævdede, at "under Gud" i løftet overtræder forbuddet mod oprettelse af religion i den første ændring af den amerikanske forfatning. Ifølge Religion News Service hævder sagsøgerne i denne nye sag, at recitationen af ​​tilsagnet diskriminerer ikke-troende studerende og dermed krænker garantien for lige rettigheder i Massachusetts-forfatningen.


Se videoen: 5 56 223 Chronograph Comparison